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Marine Mammals Evolutionary Biology

ISBN-10: 0120932253

ISBN-13: 9780120932252

Edition: 1999

Authors: Annalisa Berta, James L. Sumich, Pieter Arend Folkens, Peter J. Adams

List price: $74.95
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Description:

This book is a succinct yet comprehensive text devoted to the systematics, evolution, morphology, ecology, phsiology and behaviour of marine mammals.
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Book details

List price: $74.95
Copyright year: 1999
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 9/15/1999
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 494
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.332
Language: English

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Marine Mammals--"What Are They?"
Adaptations for Aquatic Life
Scope and Use of This Book
Time Scale
Early Observations of Marine Mammals
Emergence of Marine Mammal Science
Further Reading and Resources
References
Evolutionary History
Systematics and Classification
Introduction: Systematics--What Is It and Why Do It?
Some Basic Terminology and Concepts
How Do You Do Cladistics?
Testing Phylogenetic Hypotheses
Going Beyond the Phylogenetic Framework
Taxonomy and Classification
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Pinniped Evolution and Systematics
Introduction
Origin and Evolution
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Cetacean Evolution and Systematics
Introduction
Origin and Evolution
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Sirenians and Other Marine Mammals: Evolution and Systematics
Introduction
Origin and Evolution of Sirenians
The Extinct Sirenian Relatives--Desmostylia
The Extinct Marine Bear-Like Carnivoran, Kolponomos
The Extinct Aquatic Sloth, Thalassocnus natans
The Sea Otter, Enhydra lutris
The Polar Bear, Ursus maritimus
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Evolutionary Biogeography
Introduction--What Is Biogeography and Why Is It Important?
Ecological Factors Affecting Distributions of Marine Mammals
Present Patterns of Distribution
Reconstructing Biogeographic Patterns
Past Patterns of Distribution
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Evolutionary Biology, Ecology, and Behavior
Integumentary, Sensory, and Urinary Systems
Introduction
Integumentary System
Nerves and Sense Organs
Urinary System
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Musculoskeletal System and Locomotion
Introduction
Pinnipeds
Cetaceans
Sirenians
Sea Otter
Polar Bear
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Respiration, Diving, and Breath-Hold Physiology
Introduction
Problems of Deep and Prolonged Dives for Breath-Holders
Pulmonary and Circulatory Adaptations to Diving
Diving Biochemistry and Metabolism
Do Marine Mammals Have High Metabolic Rates?
Metabolism and Physiological Responses to Breath Holding in Seals
Functions of Diving Behavior
Phylogenetic Implications of Diving Patterns in Pinnipeds
Diving and Breath-Holding Patterns in Whales
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Sound Production for Communication, Echolocation, and Prey Capture
Introduction
Anatomy and Physiology of Sound Reception
Functions of Sound for Marine Mammals
ATOC and Related Programs
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Diet, Foraging Structures, and Strategies
Introduction
Seasonal and Geographical Patterns of Prey Abundance
General Diet, Mechanisms, and Strategies for Prey Capture
Feeding Specializations of Pinnipeds
Diet, Mechanisms, and Strategies for Prey Capture in Whales
Feeding Specializations of Sirenians
Feeding Specializations of Other Marine Mammals
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Mating, Breeding, and Social Organization
Introduction
Pinniped Mating Systems
Cetacean Mating Systems
Sirenian Mating Systems
Other Marine Mammals
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Reproductive Structures, Patterns, and Strategies
Introduction
Anatomy and Physiology of the Reproductive System
Reproductive Patterns
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Population Structure and Population Dynamics
Introduction: Some Population Parameters and Life History Characteristics
Techniques for Monitoring Populations
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Exploitation and Conservation
Introduction
Commercial Exploitation of Marine Mammals
Legal Framework for Marine Mammal Conservation and Protection
Incidental Taking of Marine Mammals
Environmental Contaminants
Strandings
Ecotourism
Progress and the Future
Summary and Conclusions
Further Reading
References
Classification of Marine Mammals
Glossary
Index