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Fundamentals of Renewable Energy Processes

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ISBN-10: 0120885107

ISBN-13: 9780120885107

Edition: 2005

Authors: Aldo V. Da Rosa

List price: $118.00
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Description:

Including coverage of heat engines, hydrogen energy, and solar, wind and water power, this text provides the technical information required to understand the engineering principles that govern renewable energy applications at many different levels.
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Book details

List price: $118.00
Copyright year: 2005
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 9/7/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 712
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 2.794

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Generalities
Units and Constants
Energy and Utility
Conservation of Energy
Planetary Energy Balance
The Energy Utilization Rate
The Population Explosion
The Market Penetration Function
Planetary Energy Resources
Energy Utilization
The Ecology Question
Nuclear Energy
Financing
References
Problems
Heat Engines
A Minimum of Thermodynamics and of Kinetic Theory of Gases
The Motion of Molecules
Temperature
The Perfect-Gas Law
Internal Energy
Specific Heat at Constant Volume
The First Law of Thermodynamics
The Pressure-Volume Work
Specific Heat at Constant Pressure
Adiabatic Processes
Isothermal Processes
Functions of State
Enthalpy
Degrees of Freedom
Entropy
Reversibility
Negentropy
How to Plot Statistics
Maxwellian Distribution
Fermi-Dirac Distribution
Boltzmann's Law
Symbology
Problems
Mechanical Heat Engines
Heats of Combustion
Carnot Efficiency
Engine Types
Efficiency of an Otto Engine
Gasoline
Knocking
Hybrid Engines for Automobiles
The Stirling Engine
The Implementation of the Stirling Engine
Cryogenic Engines
References
Problems
Ocean Thermal Energy Converters
Introduction
OTEC Configurations
Turbines
OTEC Efficiency
Example of OTEC Design
Heat Exchangers
Siting
References
Problems
Thermoelectricity
Experimental Observations
Thermoelectric Thermometers
The Thermoelectric Generator
Figure of Merit of a Material
The Wiedemann-Franz-Lorenz Law
Thermal Conductivity in Solids
Seebeck Coefficient of Semiconductors
Performance of Thermoelectric Materials
Some Applications of Thermoelectric Generators
Design of a Thermoelectric Generator
Thermoelectric Refrigerators and Heat Pumps
Temperature Dependence
Battery Architecture
The Physics of Thermoelectricity
Direction and Signs
Appendix
References
Problems
Thermionics
Introduction
Thermionic Emission
Electron Transport
Lossless Diodes with Space Charge Neutralization
Losses in Vacuum Diodes with No Space Charge
Real Vacuum Diodes
Vapor Diodes
High-Pressure Diodes
References
Problems
AMTEC
Operating Principle
Vapor Pressure
Pressure Drop in the Sodium Vapor Column
Mean Free Path of Sodium Ions
V-I Characteristics of an AMTEC
Efficiency
Thermodynamics of an AMTEC
References
Radio-Noise Generators
References
The World of Hydrogen
Fuel Cells
Introduction
Electrochemical Cells
Fuel Cell Classification
Fuel Cell Reactions
Typical Fuel Cell Configurations
Fuel Cell Applications
The Thermodynamics of Fuel Cells
Performance of Real Fuel Cells
References
Problems
Hydrogen Production
Generalities
Chemical Production of Hydrogen
Electrolytic Hydrogen
Thermolytic Hydrogen
Photolytic Hydrogen
Photobiologic Hydrogen Production
References
Problems
Hydrogen Storage
Compressed Gas
Cryogenic Hydrogen
Storage of Hydrogen by Adsorption
Storage of Hydrogen in Chemical Compounds
Hydride Hydrogen Compressors
Hydride Heat Pumps
References
Problems
Energy from the Sun
Solar Radiation
The Nature of the Solar Radiation
Insolation
Solar Collectors
Some Solar Plant Configurations
(The Measurement of Time)
References
Problems
Biomass
Introduction
The Composition of Biomass
Biomass as Fuel
Photosynthesis
References
Problems
Photovoltaic Converters
Introduction
Theoretical Efficiency
Carrier Multiplication
Spectrally Selective Beam Splitting
Thermo-photovoltaic Cells
The Ideal and the Practical
The Photodiode
The Reverse Saturation Current
Practical Efficiency
Solar-Power Satellite
Appendix A
Appendix B
References
Problems
Wind and Water
Wind Energy
History
Wind Turbine Configurations
Eolergometry
Availability of Wind Energy
Wind Turbine Characteristics
Principles of Aerodynamics
Airfoils
Reynolds Number
Aspect Ratio
Wind Turbine Analysis
Aspect Ratio (of a wind turbine)
Centrifugal Force
Performance Calculation
Magnus Effect
References
Problems
Ocean Engines
Introduction
Wave Energy
Tidal Energy
Energy from Currents
Salination Energy
The Osmotic Engine
References
Problems
Subject Index