Environmental Monitoring and Characterization

ISBN-10: 0120644770

ISBN-13: 9780120644773

Edition: 2003

Authors: Janick F. Artiola, Ian L. Pepper, Mark L. Brusseau

List price: $110.00
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'Environmental Monitoring and Characterization' is an integrated resource for monitoring all aspects of the environment. 20 chapters cover sample collecton methods, monitoring terrestrial, aquatic & air environments, & relevant chemical, physical & biological processes & contaminants.
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Book details

List price: $110.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 6/10/2004
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 410
Size: 8.50" wide x 11.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 3.278
Language: English

Ian L. Pepper is currently the Chair of the Undergraduate Program in Environmental Sciences at the University of Arizona. He was recently named to Who's Who in America for the second year in a row, and in 1994 earned the Researcher of the Year Award in the College of Agriculture at the University of Arizona. In 1994 he was also named as a fellow to the American Society of Agronomy, and he became the Chair of the Soil Biology and Biohemistry Division of the Soil Science Society of America. Pepper is also a Fellow of the American Society of Microbiology, and has been a member of the Editorial Board of Applied and Environmental Microbiology for the past nine years. Pepper has also been the author or co-author of numerous published journal articles.Dr. Gerba has 30 years experience in the area of wastewater and waste recycling in agriculture. He has been involved in numerous projects on use of soil aquifer treatment for reuse of domestic wastewater for crop production, composting of domestic solid waste, use of wastewater for fish and shellfish aquiculture, surface water pollution and control from animal feeding operations, reuse of sewage sludge on farm land, and use of wetlands for recycling of animal waste. His expertise is in the area of pathogen fate and removal by treatment processes and risk assessment. He has served on numerous local, state, and federal committees and expert workshops for the development of standards and guidelines for the treatment and recycling of wastes to minimize environmental impacts. He was a member of the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency's Science Advisory Board for 8 years. He has organized and participated in workshops on food and water safety throughout the U.S. and Latin America. He has co-authored nine workshop training manuals.

Monitoring and Characterization of the Environment
The Environment
Environmental Monitoring
Environmental Remediation and Restoration
Scales of Observation
Current and Future Status of Environmental Monitoring
Purpose of this Textbook
References and Additional Reading
Sampling and Data Quality Objectives in Environmental Monitoring
Environmental Characteristics
Representative Units
Sampling Locations
Types of Environmental Sampling
Sampling Plan
Analytical Data Quality Requirements
Quality Control Checks
Reporting Data
Units of Measure
References and Additional Readings
Statistics and Geostatistics in Environmental Monitoring
Samples and Population
Random Variables
Frequency Distribution and the Probability Density Function
Sample Size and Confidence Intervals
Covariance and Correlation
Linear Regression
Interpolation and Spatial Distributions
Questions and Problems
References and Additional Reading
Automated Data Acquisition and Processing
Measurement Concepts
Automated Measurement
Sensors and Transducers
The Data Acquisition System
Types of Data Acquisition Systems
Data Management and Quality Control
References and Additional Reading
Maps in Environmental Monitoring
Principles of Mapping
Locational and Land-Partitioning Systems
Topographic Maps
Soil Survey Maps
Global Positioning System
References and Additional Reading
Geographic Information Systems and Their use for Environmental Monitoring
Description of Geographic Information Systems
Geographic Information Systems Data
Thematic Data
Models of Real-World Problems with Geographic Information Systems
Geographic Information System Online Tools and Visualization
The Future: Geographic Information Systems as a Community Resource
References and Additional Reading
Soil and Vadose Zone Sampling
Soil Sampling Strategies
Classic Soil Sampling
Soil Sampling in Agriculture
Vadose Zone Sampling for Pollution Characterization
Soil Samplers
Soil-Pore Water Sampling
Quality Control
References and Additional Reading
Groundwater Sampling
Groundwater Sampling Objectives
Location of Monitor Wells
Well Construction
Design and Execution of Groundwater Sampling Programs
References and Additional Reading
Monitoring Surface Waters
The Changing States of Water
Water Quality Parameters
Sampling the Water Environment
Sampling Techniques for Surface Waters
Water Sampling Equipment
Miscellaneous Field Methods
Quality Control in Field Measurements and Sampling
References and Additional Reading
Monitoring Near-Surface Air Quality
Structure and Composition of the Atmosphere
Sources and Impacts of Air Pollution
History of Air Pollution Control
Air Quality and Emissions Standards
Sampling and Monitoring Considerations
Air Sampling
Direct Air Measurements
References and Additional Reading
Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring
Physical Principles of Remote Sensing
Optical Properties of Earth Surface Materials
Remote Sensing at the Landscape Scale
Applications of Remote Sensing in Environmental Health and Toxicology
References and Additional Reading
Environmental Physical Properties and Processes
Measuring Basic Soil Properties
Soil-Water Content
Measuring Hydraulic Conductivity
Measuring Hydraulic Heads
Measuring Flow Directions, Gradients, and Velocities
References and Additional Reading
Chemical Properties and Processes
Soil Chemical Constituents
Soil Chemical Processes
Factors Controlling Soil Chemical Processes
Rates of Chemical Processes in the Soil Environment
Soil-Water Redox Potential and pH
References and Additional Reading
Environmental Microbial Properties and Processes
Benefit of Environmental Microbes
What Are Microorganisms?
Microorganisms in Soil
Aquatic Environments
Sampling Procedures for Microbial Characterization
Sampling Methods for Surface Soils
Strategies and Methods for Water Sampling
Strategies and Methods for Air Sampling
Methods for Characterizing Microorganisms and Microbial Properties in Water and Soil
Application of Microorganisms for Toxicity Testing
Important Microbial Processes
State-of-the-Art Approaches for Monitoring Microbial Activities
References and Additional Reading
Physical Contaminants
Naturally Occurring Particulates
Human-Made Particulates
Mechanisms and Control of Particulate Pollution
References and Additional Reading
Chemical Contaminants
Types of Contaminants
Sources of Contaminants
Contaminant Transport and Fate
References and Additional Reading
Microbial Contaminants
Environmentally Transmitted Pathogens
Concept of Indicator Organisms
Sample Processing and Storage
Processing Environmental Samples for Viruses
Processing Environmental Samples for Protozoan Parasites
Field Analysis
References and Additional Reading
Soil and Groundwater Remediation
Superfund Process
Site Characterization
Remediation Technologies
Monitored Natural Attenuation
References and Additional Reading
Ecological Restoration
Site Characterization
Site Restoration
Site Monitoring
Approaches to Ecosystem Restoration
References and Additional Reading
Risk Assessment and Environmental Regulations
Risk Assessment
Process of Risk Assessment
Microbial Risk Assessment
Regulatory Overview
References and Additional Reading
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