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Introduction to Micrometeorology

ISBN-10: 0120593548

ISBN-13: 9780120593545

Edition: 2nd 2001 (Revised)

Authors: S. Pal Arya, James R. Holton

List price: $125.00
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Description:

Fully updated with new worked problems, this text is intended as a textbook for courses in micrometeorology for undergraduate students in meteorology or environmental science, as well as for a postgraduate-level course in boundary-layer meteorology.
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Book details

List price: $125.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
Publication date: 4/25/2001
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 420
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.628
Language: English

Preface to Second Edition
Preface to First Edition
Symbols
Introduction
Scope of Micrometeorology
Micrometeorology versus Microclimatology
Importance and Applications of Micrometeorology
Problems and Exercises
Energy Budget Near the Surface
Energy Fluxes at an Ideal Surface
Energy Balance Equations
Energy Budgets of Bare Surfaces
Energy Budgets of Canopies
Energy Budgets of Water Surfaces
Applications
Problems and Exercises
Radiation Balance Near the Surface
Radiation Laws and Definitions
Shortwave Radiation
Longwave Radiation
Radiation Balance near the Surface
Observations of Radiation Balance
Radiative Flux Divergence
Applications
Problems and Exercises
Soil Temperatures and Heat Transfer
Surface Temperature
Subsurface Temperatures
Thermal Properties of Soils
Theory of Soil Heat Transfer
Thermal Wave Propagation in Soils
Measurement and Parameterization of Ground Heat Flux
Applications
Problems and Exercises
Air Temperature and Humidity in the PBL
Factors Influencing Air Temperature and Humidity
Basic Thermodynamic Relations and the Energy Equation
Local and Nonlocal Concepts of Static Stability
Mixed Layers, Mixing Layers and Inversions
Vertical Temperature and Humidity Profiles
Diurnal Variations
Applications
Problems and Exercises
Wind Distribution in the PBL
Factors Influencing Wind Distribution
Geostrophic and Thermal Winds
Friction Effects on the Balance of Forces
Stability Effects on the PBL Winds
Observed Wind Profiles
Diurnal Variations
Applications
Problems and Exercises
An Introduction to Viscous Flows
Inviscid and Viscous Flows
Laminar and Turbulent Flows
Navier-Stokes Equations of Motion
Laminar Plane-Parallel Flows
Laminar Ekman Layers
Developing Laminar Boundary Layers
Heat Transfer in Laminar Flows
Applications
Problems and Exercises
Fundamentals of Turbulence
Instability of Flow and Transition to Turbulence
The Generation and Maintenance of Turbulence
General Characteristics of Turbulence
Mean and Fluctuating Variables
Variances and Turbulent Fluxes
Eddies and Scales of Motion
Fundamental Concepts, Hypotheses, and Theories
Applications
Problems and Exercises
Models and Theories of Turbulence
Mathematical Models of Turbulent Flows
Gradient-transport Theories
Dimensional Analysis and Similarity Theories
Applications
Problems and Exercises
Near-neutral Boundary Layers
Velocity-profile Laws
Surface Roughness Parameters
Surface Drag and Resistance Laws
Turbulence
Applications
Problems and Exercises
Thermally Stratified Surface Layer
The Monin-Obukhov Similarity Theory
Empirical Forms of Similarity Functions
Wind and Temperature Profiles
Drag and Heat Transfer Relations
Methods of Determining Momentum and Heat Fluxes
Applications
Problems and Exercises
Evaporation from Homogeneous Surfaces
The Process of Evaporation
Potential Evaporation and Evapotranspiration
Modified Monin-Obukhov Similarity Relations
Micrometeorological Methods of Determining Evaporation
Applications
Problems and Exercises
Stratified Atmospheric Boundary Layers
Types of Atmospheric Boundary Layers
Similarity Theories of the PBL
Mathematical Models of the PBL
Parameterization of the PBL
Applications
Problems and Exercises
Nonhomogeneous Boundary Layers
Types of Surface Inhomogeneities
Step Changes in Surface Roughness
Step Changes in Surface Temperature
Air Modifications over Water Surfaces
Air Modifications over Urban Areas
Building Wakes and Street Canyon Effects
Other Topographical Effects
Applications
Problems and Exercises
Agricultural and Forest Micrometeorology
Flux-profile Relations above Plant Canopies
Radiation Balance within Plant Canopies
Wind Distribution in Plant Canopies
Temperature and Moisture Fields
Turbulence in and above Plant Canopies
Applications
Problems and Exercises
References
Index