Laboratory Studies in Animal Diversity

ISBN-10: 0073260983

ISBN-13: 9780073260983

Edition: 4th 2007

Authors: Cleveland P. Hickman, Lee B. Kats, William C. Ober, Claire W. Garrison

List price: $77.50
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A striking collection of eyes showcases diversity across the animal kingdom. Arthropod eyes may be the most unique in shape, as evidenced by those of a hornet and a red damselfly, but bright color is not the exclusive province of any one group. The pink stalked eyes of a mantis shrimp vie for attention with the vivid yellow surround of an Australian Pelican eye and the red on green color scheme of a tree frog. Orange eyes stand out in an iguana and a Cape Eagle Owl, but blend with the fur of an Indonesian Tarsier. Vertical pupils in a Green Tree Python or a Nile Crocodile are unlike those of a parrotfish or a mandrill, but are not so strange as the horizontal bar of an Atlantic Oval Squid eye. Despite the exotic forms of eyes, recent research suggests a common origin for vertebrate and invertebrate visual systems. The two systems use different photoreceptor cells in the eye, but vertebrate photoreceptors have been identified in the brain of a marine invertebrate; a clam worm. Present of both cell types in a polychaete, in the eye and brain, indicates shared ancestry for vertebrate and invertebrate eyes. (Left to right, top to bottom; 1st row: Caracal, Red Damselfly, Bald Eagle, Atlantic Oval Squid. 2nd row: Iguana, 3rd row: Hornet, Horsefly, Squirrelfish, Mantis Shrimp. 4th row: Green Tree Python, Buffalo, Cape Eagle Owl, Tarsier. 5th row: Red-Eyed Tree Frog, Tarantula, Australian Pelican, Mandrill. 6th row: Nile Crocodile, Longlure Frogfish, Bibron's Gecko, Parrotfish.) Book jacket.
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Book details

List price: $77.50
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Binding: Comb Bound 
Pages: 278
Size: 9.00" wide x 11.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.298
Language: English

Cleve Hickman is Professor Emeritus at Washington and Lee University, Lexington, VA. He received his Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of British Columbia, did research in animal physiology for eight years, and taught zoology for over 30 years. He's made over 20 trips to the Galapagos Islands for research and as an instructor for student field trips

Prefacep. vi
Activity of Life
Ecological Relationships of Animalsp. 2
A study of population growth, with application of the scientific methodp. 2
Introduction to Animal Classificationp. 7
Use of a taxonomic key for animal identificationp. 7
Key to the major animal taxap. 9
The Diversity of Animal Life
The Microscopep. 16
Compound light microscopep. 16
Stereoscopic dissecting microscopep. 22
Protozoan Groupsp. 24
Classificationp. 24
Amebasp. 25
Phylum Chlorophyta-Volvox, Phylum Euglenozoa-Euglena, and Trypanosomap. 33
Phylum Apicomplexa, Class Gregarinea, Class Coccidea-Gregarina and Plasmodiump. 41
Phylum Ciliophora-Paramecium and other ciliatesp. 43
The Spongesp. 49
Classification: Phylum Poriferap. 49
Class Calcarea-Syconp. 49
The Radiate Animalsp. 57
Classification: Phylum Cnidariap. 57
Class Hydrozoa-Hydra, Obelia, and Gonionemusp. 58
Class Scyphozoa-Aurelia, a "true" jellyfishp. 71
Class Anthozoa-Metridium, a sea anemone, and Astrangia, a stony coralp. 71
The Acoelomate Animalsp. 72
The acoelomate phylap. 72
Classification: Phylum Platyhelminthesp. 72
Class Turbellaria-the planariansp. 73
Class Trematoda-the digenetic flukesp. 78
Class Cestoda-the tapewormsp. 81
Experimenting in Zoology: Planaria regeneration experimentp. 84
The Pseudocoelomate Animalsp. 88
Phylum Nematoda-Ascaris and othersp. 88
A brief look at some other pseudocoelomatesp. 94
The Molluscsp. 98
Classification: Phylum Molluscap. 98
Class Bivalvia (= Pelecypoda)-the freshwater clamp. 99
Class Gastropoda-the pulmonate land snailp. 107
Class Cephalopoda-Loligo, the squidp. 109
The Annelidsp. 112
Classification: Phylum Annelidap. 112
Class Polychaeta-the clamwormp. 113
Class Oligochaeta-the earthwormsp. 115
Class Hirudinea-the leechp. 123
Experimenting in Zoology: Behavior of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalisp. 125
The Chelicerate Arthropodsp. 127
Classification: Phylum Arthropodsp. 127
The chelicerate arthropods-the horseshoe crab and garden spiderp. 128
The Crustacean Arthropodsp. 134
Subphylum Crustacea-the the crayfish (or lobster) and other crustaceansp. 134
Experimenting in Zoology: The Phototactic Behavior of Daphniap. 144
The Uniramia Arthropods: Myriapods and Insectsp. 146
The myriapods-centipedes and millipedesp. 146
The insects-the grasshopper and the honey beep. 148
The insects-the house cricketp. 155
Collection and classification of insectsp. 158
Key to the principal orders of insectsp. 159
The Echinodermsp. 165
Classification: Phylum Echinodermatap. 165
Class Asteroidea-the sea starsp. 166
Class Ophiuroidea-the brittle starsp. 171
Class Echinoidea-the sea urchinp. 173
Class Holothuroidea-the sea cucumberp. 176
Phylum Chordata: A Deuterostome Groupp. 180
What Defines a Chordate?p. 180
Classification: Phylum Chordatap. 180
Subphylum Urochordata-Ciona, an ascidianp. 181
Subphylum Cephalochordata-amphioxusp. 184
The Fishes-Lampreys, Sharks, and Bony Fishesp. 188
Class Cephalaspidomorphi (= Petromyzontes)-the lampreys (ammocoete larva and adult)p. 188
Class Chondrichthyes-the cartilaginous fishesp. 192
Class Osteichthyes-the bony fishesp. 198
Experimenting in Zoology: Aggression in Paradise Fish, Macropodus opercularisp. 202
Experimenting in Zoology: Analysis of the multiple hemoglobin system in Carassius auratus, the common goldfishp. 204
Class Amphibiap. 207
Behavior and adaptationsp. 207
The skeletonp. 210
The skeletal musclesp. 211
The digestive, respiratory, and urogenital systemsp. 216
The circulatory systemp. 219
Class Reptiliap. 224
The painted turtlep. 224
Class Avesp. 229
The pigeonp. 229
Class Mammaliap. 232
The skeletonp. 233
The muscular systemp. 237
The digestive systemp. 245
The urogenital systemp. 251
The circulatory systemp. 255
Sources of Living Material and Prepared Microslidesp. 263
Creditsp. 265
Indexp. 266
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