Living Landscape An Ecological Approach to Landscape Planning

ISBN-10: 0070793980

ISBN-13: 9780070793989

Edition: 2nd 2000 (Revised)

Authors: Frederick R. Steiner

List price: $65.00
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This text provides an overview of the techniques and applications of planning from an environmental point-of-view. Over 20 case studies cover a range of urban, suburban, rural, domestic and international environments.
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Book details

List price: $65.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2000
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date: 2/3/2000
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 477
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 2.596
Language: English

Preface to the Second Editionp. xi
Preface to the First Editionp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Introductionp. 3
Basic Conceptsp. 4
The Traditional Framework of Planning in the United Statesp. 5
A New Approachp. 9
Ecological Planning Methodp. 9
Identification of Planning Problems and Opportunitiesp. 12
Establishment of Planning Goalsp. 12
Landscape Analysis, Regional Levelp. 13
Landscape Analysis, Local Levelp. 14
Detailed Studiesp. 16
Planning Area Concepts, Options, and Choicesp. 18
Landscape Planp. 20
Continued Citizen Involvement and Community Educationp. 20
Design Explorationsp. 21
Plan and Design Implementationp. 21
Administrationp. 23
Working Plansp. 23
Identifying Issues and Establishing Planning Goalsp. 27
Techniques for Involving People in the Identification of Issues and the Establishment of Goalsp. 28
Task Forcesp. 28
Citizens' Advisory Committees and Technical Advisory Committeesp. 29
Neighborhood Planning Councilsp. 29
Group Dynamicsp. 30
Nominal-Group Workshopsp. 31
Focus Groupsp. 31
Delphip. 33
Policy Delphip. 34
Public Opinion Pollsp. 34
Town Meetings and Public Hearingsp. 38
Goal Settingp. 40
Two Examples of Goal-Oriented Planningp. 41
The Oregon Comprehensive Planning Lawp. 41
New Jersey Pinelands Comprehensive Management Planp. 45
Inventory and Analysis of the Biophysical Environmentp. 51
Making A Base Map and A Regional Context Mapp. 53
Major sources of informationp. 55
Inventory Elementsp. 55
Regional Climatep. 56
Summary of regional climate inventory elementsp. 62
Major sources of informationp. 62
Earthp. 62
Summary of geologic inventory elementsp. 65
Major sources of informationp. 67
Terrainp. 67
Summary of physiography inventory elementsp. 71
Major sources of informationp. 71
Waterp. 71
Summary of hydrologic inventory elementsp. 85
Major sources of informationp. 85
Soilsp. 86
Summary of soils inventory elementsp. 94
Major sources of informationp. 95
Microclimatep. 95
Summary of microclimate inventory elementsp. 99
Major sources of informationp. 99
Vegetationp. 99
Summary of vegetation inventory elementsp. 104
Major sources of informationp. 104
Wildlifep. 104
Summary of wildlife inventory elementsp. 107
Major sources of informationp. 107
Existing Land Use and Land Usersp. 107
Summary of existing land-use and land-user elementsp. 115
Major sources of informationp. 115
Analysis and Synthesis of Inventory Informationp. 115
Bivariate Relationshipsp. 116
Layer-Cake Relationshipsp. 120
The Holdridge Life-Zone Systemp. 120
Two Examples of Biophysical Inventory and Analysisp. 122
The New Jersey Pinelands Comprehensive Management Planp. 123
The Biodiversity Plan for the Camp Pendleton Region, Californiap. 130
Human Community Inventory and Analysisp. 141
Sources of Existing Informationp. 143
Land-Use Maps and Settlement Pattern Diagramsp. 143
Historiesp. 145
Census Datap. 148
Newspapers and Periodicalsp. 148
Phone Booksp. 148
Community Organizations and Clubsp. 149
Colleges and Universitiesp. 149
Government and Public Agenciesp. 149
Synopsis of Information Sourcesp. 149
Use of Existing Data to Generate New Informationp. 149
Population Trends, Characteristics, and Projectionsp. 150
Development Projectionsp. 159
Economic Analysesp. 161
User Groupsp. 165
Generation of New Informationp. 167
Mail and Telephone Surveysp. 167
Face-to-Face Interviewsp. 169
Participant Observationp. 170
Analysis and Synthesis of Social Informationp. 171
Establish Visual and Landscape Patternsp. 171
Urban Morphologyp. 173
Identification of Interactions and Relationshipsp. 173
Community Needs Assessmentp. 175
Two Examples of Human Community Inventory and Analysisp. 176
New Jersey Pinelands Comprehensive Management Planp. 176
The Biodiversity Plan for the Camp Pendleton Region, Californiap. 178
Suitability Analysisp. 187
Approaches to Suitability Analysis--Methodsp. 188
Natural Resources Conservation Service Systemsp. 188
Land Evaluation Valuep. 191
Site Assessment Valuep. 192
Combining the LE and SA Systemsp. 194
Modified LESA Systemp. 194
Use of LESA at The Federal Levelp. 198
The McHarg, or University of Pennsylvania, Suitability Analysis Methodp. 200
Dutch Suitability Analysisp. 207
Computer Applicationsp. 213
The Carrying-Capacity Conceptp. 217
Two Applications of Suitability Analysisp. 219
The Development of Performance Requirements in Medford Township, New Jerseyp. 219
Locating Areas for Rural Housing in Whitman County, Washingtonp. 220
Planning Options and Choicesp. 229
Optional Plansp. 230
Techniques for Selecting Preferencesp. 235
The Charrettep. 235
The Charrette Processp. 236
Charrette Groundworkp. 237
Introduction of Planning Area, Introduction to Participantsp. 237
The Teamsp. 238
Team Instructionsp. 240
Citizen Interviewsp. 240
Brainstorming and Synthesisp. 240
Outcomes from the Charrettep. 241
Task Forces, Citizens' Advisory Committees, and Technical Advisory Committeesp. 241
Citizen Referendum and Synchronized Surveysp. 242
Goals-Achievement Matrixp. 243
Scenario Writingp. 243
Public Hearingsp. 244
Two Examples of Selecting Preferencesp. 245
Portland, Oregon, Alternative Land-Use Plansp. 245
The Biodiversity Plan for the Camp Pendleton Region, Californiap. 247
Landscape Plansp. 253
Recognition and Adoption Of Planp. 255
Statement of Policiesp. 257
Strategies to Achieve Policiesp. 259
Landscape Plan Mapp. 260
Plan Elements and Organizationp. 261
Two Examples of Plansp. 264
Comprehensive Management Plan for the New Jersey Pinelandsp. 264
Teller County/City of Woodland Park, Colorado, Growth Management Planp. 266
Continuing Citizen Involvement and Community Educationp. 271
Citizen Involvementp. 272
Classification of Citizen Participation Techniquesp. 274
Continuing Community Educationp. 275
Information and Educationp. 275
Publicationsp. 277
Television and Radiop. 279
Two Examples of Education Programsp. 279
University of Wisconsin-Extension Community Economic Development Programp. 279
The Blueprint for a Sustainable Bay Areap. 285
Testing Planning Concepts Through Designp. 291
Site Designp. 292
Individual Land-User Designs: Farm and Ranch Conservation Plansp. 293
Simulationp. 295
Conceptual Design from Charrettesp. 296
La Lomita Charrettep. 298
Common Themes from the La Lomita Charrettep. 298
Building Codesp. 299
Community Gardensp. 300
Housing Possibilitiesp. 300
Solar Energyp. 300
Arroyo Vista Charrettep. 301
Conceptual Design of New Facilitiesp. 304
The Concept Designp. 305
p. 305
p. 308
Summary of the Concept Designp. 310
Demonstration Projectsp. 311
Innovative Design Projectsp. 314
Two Examples of Detailed Designp. 317
Connecticut River Valley, Massachusettsp. 317
New York-New Jersey-Connecticut Metropolitan Regionp. 321
Plan and Design Implementationp. 329
Power to Regulatep. 330
Zoningp. 330
Planned Unit Developments (PUDs)p. 334
Performance Standardsp. 334
Design Guidelines and Controlsp. 339
Critical or Environmentally Sensitive Areasp. 339
Floodplain Managementp. 344
Wetland and Riparian Area Protectionp. 346
Federal Wetlands Protectionp. 347
General State Responsesp. 348
Habitat Conservation Plansp. 349
Historic Preservationp. 352
Subdivision Regulationsp. 353
Building Codesp. 355
Covenantsp. 357
Power to Condemn and to Exactp. 358
Impact Fees and Land Dedicationsp. 358
Power to Spendp. 359
Easementsp. 359
Development Rights Purchase and Transfersp. 360
Capital Improvement Programmingp. 364
Public Land Managementp. 365
Power to Taxp. 366
Interagency Coordination for Growth Managementp. 367
Program Linkage and Cross-Compliancep. 369
Nongovernment Strategiesp. 369
Desert View Tri-Villages Implementationp. 370
Desert Overlayp. 370
Suburban Desert Overlayp. 371
Implementation Matrixp. 371
Three Examples of Planning Implementationp. 373
Innovative Zoning for Agricultural Land Protection in York County, Pennsylvania, and Black Hawk County, Iowap. 373
Scottsdale, Arizona, Environmentally Sensitive Lands Ordinancep. 377
Administration of Planning Programsp. 381
Current Planningp. 382
The Role of Planning Commissions and Review Boardsp. 382
The Role of Planning Staffsp. 383
The Impact of Procedural Requirementsp. 385
The Budgetp. 385
Planning, Programming, and Budget System (PPBS)p. 385
Program Strategiesp. 387
Capital Improvement Programmingp. 390
Environmental Impact Assessmentsp. 391
Environmental Impact Analysisp. 394
Economic Impact Analysisp. 396
Fiscal Impact Analysisp. 399
Social Impact Analysisp. 402
Two Examples of Planning Administrationp. 404
Portland, Oregon, Regional Growth Management Planningp. 404
The Tucson WASH Ordinance and Environmental Resource Zonep. 407
Conclusionp. 411
Appendicesp. 419
Glossaryp. 423
Acronymsp. 437
Bibliographyp. 439
Indexp. 463
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