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Beyond Therapy Biotechnology and the Pursuit of Happiness

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ISBN-10: 0060734906

ISBN-13: 9780060734909

Edition: 2003

Authors: Leon Kass

List price: $17.99
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Book details

List price: $17.99
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
Publication date: 12/2/2003
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 6.00" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.012
Language: English

Members of the President's Council on Bioethics
Foreword
Preface
Biotechnology and the Pursuit of Happiness
The Golden Age: Enthusiasm and Concern
The Case for Public Attention
Defining the Topic
Ends and Means
The Limitations of the "Therapy vs. Enhancement" Distinction
Beyond Natural Limits: Dreams of Perfection and Happiness
Structure of the Inquiry: The Primacy of Human Aspirations
Method and Spirit
Endnotes
Better Children
Improving Native Powers: Genetic Knowledge and Technology
An Overview
Technical Possibilities
Prenatal Diagnosis and Screening Out
Genetic Engineering of Desired Traits ("Fixing Up")
Selecting Embryos for Desired Traits ("Choosing In")
Ethical Analysis
Benefits
Questions of Safety
Questions of Equality
Consequences for Families and Society
Choosing Sex of Children
Ends and Means
Preliminary Ethical Analysis
The Limits of Liberty
The Meaning of Sexuality and Procreation
Improving Children's Behavior: Psychotropic Drugs
Behavior Modification in Children Using Stimulants
What Are Stimulant Drugs?
Behaviors Inviting Improvement Through Stimulant Drugs
The "Universal Enhancer"
Ethical and Social Concerns
Safety First
Rearing Children: The Human Context
Social Control and Conformity
Moral Education and Medicalization
The Meaning of Performance
Conclusion: The Meaning of Childhood
Diagnostic Criteria for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Endnotes
Superior Performance
The Meaning of "Superior Performance"
Sport and the Superior Athlete
Why Sport?
The Superior Athlete
Different Ways of Enhancing Performance
Better Equipment
Better Training
Better Native Powers
Muscle Enhancement Through Biotechnology
Muscles and Their Meanings
Muscle Cell Growth and Development
Opportunities and Techniques for Muscle Enhancement
Ethical Analysis
How Is Biotechnical Enhancement Different?
Fairness and Equality
Coercion and Social Pressure
Adverse Side Effects: Health, Balance, and the Whole of Life
The Dignity of Human Activity
The Meaning of Competition
The Relationship Between Doer and Deed
Acts of Humans, Human Acts: Harmony of Mind and Body
Superior Performance and the Good Society
Endnotes
Ageless Bodies
The Meaning of "Ageless Bodies"
Basic Terms and Concepts
Scientific Background
Targeting Specific Deficiencies of Old Age
Muscle Enhancement
Memory Enhancement
General (Body-Wide) Age-Retardation
Caloric Restriction
Genetic Manipulations
Prevention of Oxidative Damage
Methods of Treating the Ailments of the Aged That Might Affect Age-Retardation
Hormone treatments
Telomere research
Ethical Issues
Effects on the Individual
Greater Freedom from Constraints of Time
Commitment and Engagement
Aspiration and Urgency
Renewal and Children
Attitudes Toward Death and Mortality
The Meaning of the Life Cycle
Effects on Society
Generations and Families
Innovation, Change, and Renewal
The Aging of Society
Conclusion
Endnotes
Happy Souls
What Are "Happy Souls"?
Memory and Happiness
Good Memories and Bad
Biotechnology and Memory Alteration
Memory-Blunting: Ethical Analysis
Remembering Fitly and Truly
The Obligation to Remember
Memory and Moral Responsibility
The Soul of Memory, The Remembering Soul
Mood and Happiness
Mood-Improvement Through Drugs
Mood-Brightening Agents: An Overview
Biological and Experiential Effects of SSRIs
Ethical Analysis
Living Truly
Fitting Sensibilities and Human Attachments
What Sorrow Teaches, What Discontent Provokes
Medicalization of Self-Understanding
The Roots of Human Flourishing
The Happy Self and the Good Society
Conclusion
Endnotes
"Beyond Therapy": General Reflections
The Big Picture
Familiar Sources of Concern
Health: Issues of Safety and Bodily Harm
Unfairness
Equality of Access
Liberty: Issues of Freedom and Coercion, Overt and Subtle
Essential Sources of Concern
Hubris or Humility: Respect for "the Given"
"Unnatural" Means: The Dignity of Human Activity
Identity and Individuality
Partial Ends, Full Flourishing
Biotechnology and American Society
Commerce, Regulation, and the Manufacture of Desire
Medicine, Medicalization, and a Stance "Beyond Therapy"
Biotechnology and American Ideals
Endnotes
Bibliography
Council Staff and Consultants