Basic Electronics

ISBN-10: 002802253X

ISBN-13: 9780028022536

Edition: 8th 1997

Authors: Bernard Grob

List price: $126.00
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Book details

List price: $126.00
Edition: 8th
Copyright year: 1997
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date: 1/27/1997
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 960
Size: 8.50" wide x 10.50" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 4.4
Language: English

Prefacep. ix
Survey of Electronicsp. xiv
A Brief History of the Development of Electronicsp. 2
Radio and Television Broadcastingp. 3
Career Opportunities in Electronicsp. 5
A Preview of the Most Common Electronic Componentsp. 7
Tools of the Tradep. 13
Electricityp. 14
Negative and Positive Polaritiesp. 16
Electrons and Protons in the Atomp. 16
Structure of the Atomp. 19
The Coulomb Unit of Electric Chargep. 22
The Volt Unit of Potential Differencep. 25
Charge in Motion Is Currentp. 27
Resistance Is Opposition to Currentp. 32
The Closed Circuitp. 34
Direction of the Currentp. 36
Direct Current (DC) and Alternating Current (AC)p. 38
Sources of Electricityp. 39
Summary and Reviewp. 41
Resistorsp. 46
Types of Resistorsp. 48
Resistor Color Codingp. 50
Variable Resistorsp. 54
Rheostats and Potentiometersp. 56
Power Rating of Resistorsp. 58
Series and Parallel Combinations of Resistorsp. 59
Resistor Troublesp. 60
Summary and Reviewp. 62
Ohm's Lawp. 68
The Current I = V/Rp. 70
The Voltage V = IRp. 73
The Resistance R = V/Ip. 73
Practical Unitsp. 74
Multiple Unitsp. 75
The Linear Proportion between V and Ip. 76
Electric Powerp. 78
Power Dissipation in Resistancep. 81
Power Formulasp. 84
Choosing the Resistor for a Circuitp. 86
Electric Shockp. 88
Open-Circuit and Short-Circuit Troublesp. 89
Summary and Reviewp. 90
Series Circuitsp. 96
Why I Is the Same in All Parts of a Series Circuitp. 98
Total R Equals the Sum of All Series Resistancesp. 100
Series IR Voltage Dropsp. 102
The Sum of Series IR Drops Equals the Applied V[subscript T]p. 103
Polarity of IR Voltage Dropsp. 105
Total Power in a Series Circuitp. 106
Series-Aiding and Series-Opposing Voltagesp. 107
Analyzing Series Circuitsp. 108
Effect of an Open Circuit in a Series Pathp. 110
Series Switches Represent the and Logic Functionp. 112
Summary and Reviewp. 114
Parallel Circuitsp. 120
The Applied Voltage V[subscript A] Is the Same across Parallel Branchesp. 122
Each Branch I Equals V[subscript A]/Rp. 123
The Main-Line I[subscript T] Equals the Sum of the Branch Currentsp. 124
Resistance in Parallelp. 127
Conductances in Parallelp. 133
Total Power in Parallel Circuitsp. 134
Analyzing Parallel Circuitsp. 135
Effect of an Open Branch in Parallel Circuitsp. 136
Effect of a Short Circuit across Parallel Branchesp. 137
Parallel Switches Represent the or Logic Functionp. 138
Summary and Reviewp. 140
Series-Parallel Circuitsp. 146
Finding R[subscript T] for Series-Parallel Resistancesp. 148
Resistance Strings in Parallelp. 149
Resistance Banks in Seriesp. 151
Resistance Banks and Strings in Series-Parallelp. 153
Analyzing Series-Parallel Circuitsp. 155
Wheatstone Bridgep. 158
Chassis-Ground Connectionsp. 159
Voltages Measured to Chassis Groundp. 160
Opens and Shorts in Series-Parallel Circuitsp. 163
Series-Parallel Switches Combine the and and or Logic Functionsp. 164
Summary and Reviewp. 166
Review: Chapters 1 To 6p. 173
Voltage Dividers and Current Dividersp. 176
Series Voltage Dividersp. 178
Current Divider with Two Parallel Resistancesp. 180
Current Division by Parallel Conductancesp. 183
Series Voltage Divider with Parallel Load Currentp. 184
Design of a Loaded Voltage Dividerp. 186
Summary and Reviewp. 189
Direct-Current Metersp. 194
Moving-Coil Meterp. 196
Measurement of Currentp. 198
Meter Shuntsp. 200
Voltmetersp. 203
Loading Effect of a Voltmeterp. 208
Ohmmetersp. 210
Multimetersp. 214
Digital Multimeter (DMM)p. 217
Meter Applicationsp. 219
Checking Continuity with the Ohmmeterp. 222
Summary and Reviewp. 224
Review: Chapters 7 And 8p. 230
Kirchhoff's Lawsp. 232
Kirchhoff's Current Law (KCL)p. 234
Kirchhoff's Voltage Law (KVL)p. 235
Method of Branch Currentsp. 237
Node-Voltage Analysisp. 241
Method of Mesh Currentsp. 244
Summary and Reviewp. 248
Network Theoremsp. 252
Superpositionp. 254
Thevenin's Theoremp. 256
Thevenizing a Circuit with Two Voltage Sourcesp. 259
Thevenizing a Bridge Circuitp. 260
Norton's Theoremp. 262
Thevenin-Norton Conversionsp. 266
Conversion of Voltage and Current Sourcesp. 268
Millman's Theoremp. 270
Circuits with Current Sourcesp. 272
T or Y and [pi] or [Delta] Connectionsp. 275
Summary and Reviewp. 280
Review: Chapters 9 and 10p. 286
Conductors and Insulatorsp. 288
Function of the Conductorp. 290
Standard Wire Gage Sizesp. 290
Types of Wire Conductorsp. 293
Connectorsp. 295
Printed Wiringp. 296
Switchesp. 297
Fusesp. 299
Wire Resistancep. 301
Temperature Coefficient of Resistancep. 304
Ion Current in Liquids and Gasesp. 306
Electrons and Hole Charges in Semiconductorsp. 308
Insulatorsp. 310
Troubleshooting Hints for Wires and Connectorsp. 311
Summary and Reviewp. 313
Batteriesp. 318
General Features of Batteriesp. 320
The Voltaic Cellp. 322
Carbon-Zinc Dry Cellp. 324
Alkaline Cellp. 325
Additional Types of Primary Cellsp. 327
Summary of Dry Cellsp. 328
Lithium Cellp. 329
Lead-Acid Wet Cellp. 330
Additional Types of Secondary Cellsp. 334
Series and Parallel Cellsp. 336
Current Drain Depends on Load Resistancep. 338
Internal Resistance of a Generatorp. 339
Why the Terminal Voltage Drops with More Load Currentp. 340
Constant-Voltage and Constant-Current Sourcesp. 343
Matching a Load Resistance to the Generator r[subscript i]p. 343
Summary and Reviewp. 346
Review: Chapters 11 and 12p. 350
Magnetismp. 352
The Magnetic Field [phis]p. 354
Magnetic Flux [mu]p. 355
Flux Density Bp. 357
Induction by the Magnetic Fieldp. 360
Air Gap of a Magnetp. 361
Types of Magnetsp. 362
Ferritesp. 364
Magnetic Shieldingp. 365
The Hall Effectp. 366
Summary and Reviewp. 367
Magnetic Unitsp. 370
Ampere-Turns of Magnetomotive Force (mmf)p. 372
Field Intensity (H)p. 373
Permeability ([mu])p. 375
B-H Magnetization Curvep. 377
Magnetic Hysteresisp. 378
Ohm's Law for Magnetic Circuitsp. 380
Relations between Magnetic Unitsp. 382
Comparison of Magnetic and Electric Fieldsp. 383
Summary and Reviewp. 386
Electromagnetic Inductionp. 390
Magnetic Field around an Electric Currentp. 392
Magnetic Polarity of a Coilp. 394
Motor Action between Two Magnetic Fieldsp. 395
Induced Currentp. 398
Lenz' Lawp. 399
Generating an Induced Voltagep. 400
Faraday's Law of Induced Voltagep. 402
Relaysp. 404
Summary and Reviewp. 408
Alternating Voltage and Currentp. 414
Alternating Current Applicationsp. 416
Alternating-Voltage Generatorp. 417
The Sine Wavep. 420
Alternating Currentp. 423
Voltage and Current Values for a Sine Wavep. 424
Frequencyp. 427
Periodp. 428
Wavelengthp. 430
Phase Anglep. 423
The Time Factor in Frequency and Phasep. 436
Alternating Current Circuits with Resistancep. 437
Nonsinusoidal AC Waveformsp. 440
Harmonic Frequenciesp. 442
The 60-Hz AC Power Linep. 442
Motors and Generatorsp. 445
Three-Phase AC Powerp. 447
Summary and Reviewp. 450
Review: Chapters 13 to 16p. 456
Capacitancep. 458
How Charge Is Stored in the Dielectricp. 460
Charging and Discharging a Capacitorp. 461
The Farad Unit of Capacitancep. 463
Typical Capacitorsp. 468
Electrolytic Capacitorsp. 472
Capacitor Codingp. 474
Parallel Capacitancesp. 481
Series Capacitancesp. 481
Stray Capacitive and Inductive Effectsp. 483
Energy in Electrostatic Field of Capacitancep. 485
Troubles in Capacitorsp. 487
Summary and Reviewp. 490
Capacitive Reactancep. 496
Alternating Current in a Capacitive Circuitp. 498
The Amount of X[subscript C] Equals 1/(2[pi]fC)p. 499
Series or Parallel Capacitive Reactancesp. 503
Ohm's Law Applied to X[subscript C]p. 504
Applications of Capacitive Reactancep. 505
Sine-Wave Charge and Discharge Currentp. 506
Summary and Reviewp. 511
Capacitive Circuitsp. 516
Sine-Wave v[subscript C] Lags i[subscript C] by 90[degree]p. 518
X[subscript C] and R in Seriesp. 519
RC Phase-Shifter Circuitp. 522
X[subscript C] and R in Parallelp. 524
RF and AF Coupling Capacitorsp. 527
Capacitive Voltage Dividersp. 528
The General Case of Capacitive Current i[subscript C]p. 530
Summary and Reviewp. 531
Review: Chapters 17 to 19p. 537
Inductancep. 540
Induction by Alternating Currentp. 542
Self-Inductance Lp. 543
Self-Induced Voltage v[subscript L]p. 546
How v[subscript L] Opposes a Change in Currentp. 547
Mutual Inductance L[subscript M]p. 548
Transformersp. 552
Transformer Ratingsp. 558
Impedance Transformationp. 563
Core Lossesp. 567
Types of Coresp. 568
Variable Inductancep. 569
Inductances in Series or Parallelp. 570
Stray Inductancep. 573
Energy in Magnetic Field of Inductancep. 573
Troubles in Coilsp. 575
Summary and Reviewp. 577
Inductive Reactancep. 584
How X[subscript L] Reduces the Amount of Ip. 586
X[subscript L] = 2[pi]fLp. 587
Series or Parallel Inductive Reactancesp. 591
Ohm's Law Applied to X[subscript L]p. 592
Applications of X[subscript L] for Different Frequenciesp. 593
Waveshape of v[subscript L] Induced by Sine-Wave Currentp. 594
Summary and Reviewp. 599
Inductive Circuitsp. 604
Sine-Wave i[subscript L] Lags v[subscript L] by 90[degree]p. 606
X[subscript L] and R in Seriesp. 607
Impedance Z Trianglep. 610
X[subscript L] and R in Parallelp. 613
Q of a Coilp. 617
AF and RF Chokesp. 619
The General Case of Inductive Voltagep. 621
Summary and Reviewp. 624
Rc and L/R Time Constantsp. 630
Response of Resistance Alonep. 632
L/R Time Constantp. 632
High Voltage Produced by Opening an RL Circuitp. 634
RC Time Constantp. 636
RC Charge and Discharge Curvesp. 639
High Current Produced by Short-circuiting RC Circuitp. 640
RC Waveshapesp. 642
Long and Short Time Constantsp. 644
Charge and Discharge with Short RC Time Constantp. 645
Long Time Constant for RC Coupling Circuitp. 647
Universal Time Constant Graphp. 648
Comparison of Reactance and Time Constantp. 653
Summary and Reviewp. 655
Review: Chapters 20 to 23p. 661
Alternating Current Circuitsp. 664
AC Circuits with Resistance but No Reactancep. 666
Circuits with X[subscript L] Alonep. 667
Circuits with X[subscript C] Alonep. 668
Opposite Reactances Cancelp. 669
Series Reactance and Resistancep. 671
Parallel Reactance and Resistancep. 674
Series-Parallel Reactance and Resistancep. 676
Real Powerp. 677
AC Metersp. 680
Wattmetersp. 681
Summary of Types of Ohms in AC Circuitsp. 682
Summary of Types of Phasors in AC Circuitsp. 683
Summary and Reviewp. 686
Complex Numbers for AC Circuitsp. 690
Positive and Negative Numbersp. 692
The j Operatorp. 692
Definition of a Complex Numberp. 694
How Complex Numbers Are Applied to AC Circuitsp. 695
Impedance in Complex Formp. 696
Operations with Complex Numbersp. 698
Magnitude and Angle of a Complex Numberp. 700
Polar Form of Complex Numbersp. 701
Converting Polar to Rectangular Formp. 703
Complex Numbers in Series AC Circuitsp. 705
Complex Numbers in Parallel AC Circuitsp. 708
Combining Two Complex Branch Impedancesp. 710
Combining Complex Branch Currentsp. 711
Parallel Circuit with Three Complex Branchesp. 712
Summary and Reviewp. 715
Review: Chapters 24 and 25p. 720
Resonancep. 722
The Resonance Effectp. 724
Series Resonancep. 725
Parallel Resonancep. 728
Resonant Frequency f[subscript r] = 1/(2[pi][characters not reproducible]LC)p. 732
Q Magnification Factor of Resonant Circuitp. 736
Bandwidth of Resonant Circuitp. 740
Tuningp. 744
Mistuningp. 746
Analysis of Parallel Resonant Circuitsp. 747
Damping of Parallel Resonant Circuitsp. 749
Choosing L and C for a Resonant Circuitp. 751
Summary and Reviewp. 752
Filtersp. 758
Examples of Filteringp. 760
Direct Current Combined with Alternating Currentp. 760
Transformer Couplingp. 763
Capacitive Couplingp. 764
Bypass Capacitorsp. 767
Filter Circuitsp. 770
Low-Pass Filtersp. 771
High-Pass Filtersp. 773
Analyzing Filter Circuitsp. 774
Decibels and Frequency Response Curvesp. 784
Resonant Filtersp. 791
Interference Filtersp. 794
Summary and Reviewp. 795
Review: Chapters 26 and 27p. 801
Electronic Devicesp. 804
Semiconductorsp. 806
The PN Junctionp. 811
Semiconductor Diodesp. 816
PNP and NPN Transistorsp. 818
Field-Effect Transistor (FET)p. 823
Testing Diodes and Thyristorsp. 827
Summary and Reviewp. 830
Electronic Circuitsp. 834
Analog and Digital Signalsp. 836
Amplifier Gainp. 838
Characteristics of Amplifier Circuitsp. 841
Oscillatorsp. 847
Multivibratorsp. 850
Modulationp. 853
Diode Rectifiersp. 857
Troubleshooting the DC Supply Voltagep. 860
Summary and Reviewp. 864
Transistor Amplifiersp. 868
Circuit Configurationsp. 870
Class A, B, or C Operationp. 873
Analysis of Common-Emitter (CE) Amplifierp. 875
Collector Characteristic Curvesp. 879
Letter Symbols for Transistorsp. 881
FET Amplifiersp. 882
Troubleshooting Amplifier Circuitsp. 884
Summary and Reviewp. 888
Review: Chapters 28 to 30p. 890
Digital Electronicsp. 892
Comparing Binary and Decimal Numbersp. 894
Decimal to Binary Conversionp. 896
Hexadecimal Numbersp. 896
Binary Coded Decimal Systemp. 900
The ASCII Codep. 901
Logic Gates, Symbols, and Truth Tablesp. 902
Boolean Algebrap. 906
DeMorgan's Theoremp. 909
Active high/Active low Terminologyp. 912
Treating Unused Inputs on Logic Gatesp. 914
Combinational Logic Circuitsp. 915
Flip-Flopsp. 918
Binary Countersp. 922
New Logic Symbolsp. 925
Summary and Reviewp. 927
Integrated Circuitsp. 932
Operational Amplifiers and Their Characteristicsp. 934
Op Amp Circuitsp. 941
Summary and Reviewp. 950
Review: Chapters 31 and 32p. 953
Electrical Symbols and Abbreviationsp. 955
Solder and the Soldering Processp. 957
Schematic Symbolsp. 964
Using the Oscilloscopep. 966
Glossaryp. 981
Answers to Self-Testsp. 988
Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems and Critical Thinking Problemsp. 992
Indexp. 1002
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