Western Influences on Japanese Art The Akita Ranga Art School and Foreign Books

ISBN-10: 9074822649
ISBN-13: 9789074822640
Edition: 2004
Authors: Hiroko Johnson
List price: $109.00 Buy it from $43.99
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Description: The Akita Ranga art school is a by-product of rangaku, 'Dutch learning', an important intellectual movement in eighteenth-century Japan. Akita ranga artists, highly influenced by illustrations in Western books, created a new direction in Japanese  More...

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Book details

List price: $109.00
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: BRILL
Publication date: 1/1/2005
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 176
Size: 7.75" wide x 10.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 2.046
Language: English

The Akita Ranga art school is a by-product of rangaku, 'Dutch learning', an important intellectual movement in eighteenth-century Japan. Akita ranga artists, highly influenced by illustrations in Western books, created a new direction in Japanese art by using Western techniques such as chiaroscuro (shading) and perspective. Odano Naotake (1750-80), a leading Akita ranga artist, illustrated Kaitai shinsho, Japan's first anatomy book. Dr. Johnson first analyses how Naotake applied new techniques to traditional Japanese art and created a quasi-Western style of painting. Secondly, she focuses on Lord Satake Shozan (1748-85), who wrote Japan's first art theory and criticism on Western art and whose complete text is translated and incorporated in this book. Shozan also based his three sketchbooks on foreign books, especially the Schouwtoneel der Natuur by Noel A. Pluche, and wrote an encyclopaedia of scientific lore. By focusing on the influence of illustrations in foreign books, Johnson brings a new perspective to Japanese art history.

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Notes
Influence of Portugal and the Netherlands
The First Phase of Western Style Painting
Introduction of Christianity to Japan
Nanban-e' (Nanban Painting)
Artists of the First Phase
Arrival of the Dutch and the British and the Suppression of Catholicism
Missionaries in Japan
The Second Phase of Western Style Painting
The Dutch on Dejima
Tojin yashiki (Mansions for the Chinese)
Honzogaku (Study of Herbal Medicine)
Interpreters
Dutch learning (Rangaku)
Hiraga Gennai and his Involvement with Akita Ranga
Brief History of Hiraga Gennai
Notes
Japan's First Translated Anatomy Book and Akita Ranga
Introduction of Western Medicine
History of Medicine
The First Autopsy
Sugita Genpaku's First Autopsy
Translation of Ontleedkundige Tafelen
Kaitai shinsho (New Book of Anatomy)
Illustrations for the Kaitai shinsho
Techniques
Compositional Rearrangements
Concept of Nudity
Bidloo's Illustrations
Notes
Three Elements, Signatures and Seals
Odano Naotake
Naotake's pre-1774 work
Three Compositional Elements in Naotake's work after 1774
Horizon Line
Reflections on Water
Emphasis on the Foreground: Placement of a Large Object in the Foreground (Repoussoir)
Naotake's New Techniques
Satake Shozan
Shozan's Dutch Seals
Naotake's Influence on Shozan's Art
Satake Yoshimi
Naotake's Influence on Yoshimi's Art
Evolution in Naotake's Formulation of the Three Elements
Comparison of Signatures and Seals
Odano Naotake
Naotake's Art in Relation to his Signatures and Seals
Satake Shozan
Shozan's Art in Relation to his Signatures and Seals
Satake Yoshimi
Yoshimi's Art in Relation to his Signatures and Seals
Summary
Notes
Shozan's Sketchbooks and the Schouwtoneel der Natuur
Foreign Books in Japan
Gennai and his Collection of Foreign Books
Bussan shomoku (List of Books)
Shozan and the Schouwtoneel der Natuur
Contents of the Schouwtoneel der Natuur
Contents of Shozan's Sketchbooks and Comparison with the Schouwtoneel der Natuur
Comparison with Honzo komoku, Butsurui hinshitsu and So Shiseki gafu
Comparison with Naotake's Sketchbooks
Conclusion
Notes
Akita Ranga and New Trends
"Cultural Middle Class"
Thematic Influences
Stones and Rocks
Shen Nanpin and his Influence
So Shiseki's Influence on Akita Ranga Artists
Potted Flowers and Flower Arrangements
European Influences
European Books
Megane-e or Perspective Views
Landscape Painting
Notes
Conclusion
Appendix
Gaho koryo (Summary of the Laws of Painting)
Gazu rikai (Understanding Painting)
Tansei bu (Colours)
Notes
Bibliography
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources
Journals and Magazines
Index

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