Introduction to the Psychology of Hearing Sixth Edition

ISBN-10: 9004252428
ISBN-13: 9789004252424
Edition: 2013
Authors: Brian Moore
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Book details

List price: $62.00
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: BRILL
Publication date: 4/5/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 444
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.738
Language: English

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Preface
The Nature of Sound and the Structure and Function of the Auditory System
Introduction
The Physical Characteristics of Sounds
The Nature of Sound
Fourier Analysis and Spectral Representations
The Measurement of Sound Level
Beats
The Concept of Linearity
Filters and Their Properties
Headphones
Basic Structure and Function of the Auditory System
The Outer and Middle Ear
The Inner Ear and the Basilar Membrane
The Transduction Process and the Hair Cells
Otoacoustic Emissions
Neural Responses in the Auditory Nerve
Spontaneous Spike Rates and Thresholds
Tuning Curves and Iso-Rate Contours
Rate versus Level Functions
Neural Excitation Patterns
Phase Locking
Two-Tone Suppression
Phase Locking to Complex Sounds
Adaptation
Neural Responses at Higher Levels in the Auditory System
General Summary and Conclusions
Further Resources
Absolute Thresholds
Introduction
Absolute Thresholds for Long-Duration Tones
The Audiogram and Hearing Loss
Temporal Integration and Multiple Looks
General Conclusions
Further Reading
Frequency Selectivity, Masking, and the Critical Band
Introduction
The Critical Band Concept and the Power Spectrum Model
Estimating the Shape of the Auditory Filter
Psychophysical Tuning Curves
The Notched-Noise Method
Other Phenomena Reflecting Auditory Filtering
The Threshold of Complex Sounds
Two-Tone Masking
Sensitivity to Phase and the Critical Modulation Frequency
The Audibility of Partials in Complex Tones
Interim Summary
Some General Observations on Auditory Filters
Masking Patterns and Excitation Patterns
The Nature of the Auditory Filter and Mechanisms of Masking
The Origin of the Auditory Filter
Temporal Effects
The Mechanism of Masking-Swamping or Suppression?
The Neural Code Used for Signal Detection
Comodulation Masking Release: Spectrotemporal Pattern Analysis in Hearing
Initial Demonstrations of Comodulation Masking Release
The Role of Within-Channel Cues
Factors Influencing the Magnitude of CMR
Models to Explain CMR
Experimental Tests of the Models
General Implications of CMR
Profile Analysis
Nonsimultaneous Masking
Evidence for Suppression from Nonsimultaneous Masking
Informational Masking
Frequency Selectivity in Impaired Hearing
General Conclusions
Appendix: Signal Detection Theory
Introduction
The Basic Idea of Signal Detection Theory
Further Resources
The Perception of Loudness
Introduction
Loudness Level and Equal-Loudness Contours
The Scaling of Loudness
Models of Loudness
The Effect of Bandwidth on Loudness
Temporal Integration of Loudness
The Detection of Intensity Changes and the Coding of Loudness
The Dynamic Range of the Auditory System
Weber's Law
The Near Miss to Weber's Law
Loudness Adaptation, Fatigue, and Damage Risk
Post-Stimulatory Auditory Fatigue
Auditory Adaptation
Abnormalities of Loudness Perception in Impaired Hearing
Loudness Recruitment
Pathological Adaptation
General Conclusions
Further Resources
Temporal Processing in the Auditory System
Introduction
Temporal Resolution Measured by the Discrimination of Stimuli with Identical Magnitude Spectra: Broadband Sounds
The Detection of Gaps in Broadband Noise
The Discrimination of Time-Reversed Signals
Temporal Modulation Transfer Functions
Temporal Resolution Measured by the Discrimination of Stimuli with Identical Magnitude Spectra: Effects of Center Frequency
Measurement of Temporal Resolution Using Narrowband Sounds
Detection of Gaps in Bands of Noise
Detection of Gaps in Sinusoids
Temporal Modulation Transfer Functions for Sinusoidal Carriers
Modeling Temporal Resolution
Bandpass Filtering
The Nonlinearity
The Sliding Temporal Integrator
The Decision Device
Characterizing the Nonlinear Device and the Sliding Temporal Integrator
A Modulation Filler Bank?
Masking in the Modulation Domain with Broadband Carriers
Forward Masking In the Modulation Domain
The Ability to Hear Out Component AM
TMTFs Obtained Using Narrowband Noise Carriers
Modulation Detection Interference
Accounting for TMTFs with a Modulation Filter Bank
Duration Discrimination
Temporal Analysis Based on Across-Channel Processes
The Discrimination of Huffman Sequences
Detection of Onset and Offset Asynchrony in Multicomponent Complexes
Judgment of Temporal Order
General Conclusions
Further Reading
Pitch Perception
Introduction
Theories of Pitch Perception
The Perception of the Pitch of Pure Tones
The Frequency Discrimination of Pure Tones
The Perception of Musical Interval
The Variation of Pitch with Level
The Stretched Octave
The Scaling of Pitch and the Mel Scale
General Conclusions on the Pitch Perception of Pure Tones
The Pitch Perception of Complex Tones
Pattern Recognition Models
Temporal Models
Experimental Evidence Relevant to the Pattern Recognition and Temporal Models
The "Existence Region" of the Tonal Residue
The Principle of Dominance
Evidence for the Role of Central Mechanisms in the Perception of Complex Tones
Is Resolvability Sufficient for Good Pitch Perception?
Pitches Based Purely upon Timing Information
A Schematic Model for the Pitch Perception of Complex Tones
The Perception of Pitch in Music
Musical Intervals, Musical Scales, and Consonance
Absolute Pitch
The Pitch of Vibrato Tones
Pitch Discrimination Interference
General Summary
Further Resources
Space Perception
Introduction
The Localization and Lateralization of Pure Tones
Cues for Localization
Performance in Localization and Lateralization Tasks
Binaural Beats
The Lateralization of Complex Sounds
The Acuity of Lateralizing Transients
Acuity as a Function of Frequency and the Use of Envelopes
Onset Disparities versus Ongoing Disparities
Time-Intensity Trading
Binaural Adaptation
Binaural Interference
Across-Frequency Integration and the Effect of Bandwidth
The Cone of Confusion and the Role of Head Movements
Monaural Localization, the Role of the Pinnae and HRTFs
The Precedence Effect
General Conclusions on Sound Localization
Binaural Masking Level Differences
The Sluggishness of the Binaural System
Models of Binaural Processing
The Influence of Vision on Auditory Localization
The Perception of Distance
General Conclusions
Further Resources
Auditory Pattern and Object Perception
Introduction
Timbre Perception and Object Identification
Time-invariant Patterns
Time-varying Patterns
Information Used to Separate Auditory Objects
Fundamental Frequency and Spectral Regularity
Onset Disparities
Contrast with Previous Sounds
Correlated Changes in Amplitude or Frequency
Sound Location
The Perception of Sequences of Sounds
Stream Segregation
Judgment of Temporal Order
General Principles of Perceptual Organization
Similarity
Good Continuation
Common Fate
Disjoint Allocation
Closure
The Figure-ground Phenomenon and Attention
General Conclusions
Further Resources
Speech Perception
Introduction
The Nature of Speech Sounds
Units of Speech
Speech Production and Speech Acoustics
Speech Perception-What is Special about Speech?
The Rate at Which Speech Sounds Occur
The Variable Nature of Acoustic Cues
Categorical Perception
Evidence for Brain Specialization
Evidence for a Speech Mode from Sine Wave Speech and Other Phenomena
Duplex Perception
Cue Trading
Audiovisual Integration
Interim Summary of Work on the Special Nature of Speech Perception
Models of Speech Perception
The Motor Theory
Invariant Feature or Cue-Based Approaches
The TRACE Model
The Search for Invariant Acoustic Cues and the Multiplicity of Cues
Envelope Cues and Temporal Fine Structure Cues
The Resistance of Speech to Corrupting Influences
Informational Masking of Speech
General Conclusions
Further Reading
Practical Applications
Introduction
Applications of Psychoacoustic Research in the Alleviation of Hearing Loss
Hearing Aid Design
Hearing Aid Fitting
Cochlear Implants
The Psychoacoustics of Hi-Fi Sound Reproduction
The Interpretation of Specifications
Amplifiers
Loudspeakers
Compact Disc Players and Other Digital Systems
Perceptual Coders
Loudspeaker Cables and Optical Cables
The Evaluation of Concert Hall Acoustics
General Summary and Concluding Remarks
References
Glossary
Index

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