Logical Self-Defense

ISBN-10: 1932716181

ISBN-13: 9781932716184

Edition: 2006

List price: $24.95
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Description: Classic work once again available. Offers step-by-step guidelines for identifying and analyzing arguments. It outlines a theory of good argument to use for purposes of evaluating and constructing arguments. It contains guidelines for constructing arguments and for preparing and writing essays or briefs. Special methods for interpreting and assessing longer arguments are provided. It gives guidelines to help filter out the more reliable information from newspapers and television news. Offers an array of devices to deal with the tricks and deceits of so much of today's advertising. Helps students improve their ability to recognize, interpret, and evaluate arguments and to formulate clear, well-organized arguments themselves. Secondary and college students, debate coaches, classroom instructors, community active people.

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Book details

List price: $24.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: International Debate Education Association
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 328
Size: 5.75" wide x 8.75" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.012
Language: English

Ralph H. Johnson is Professor of Philosophy, University of Windsor. J. Anthony Blair is Professor of Philosophy, University of Windsor.

Preface
The Basic Tools
Identifying Arguments
Opinion versus argument
Identifying the argument
Evidence of the author's intention
Argument indicators
Context
Logical structure
A word of warning
Examples
Argument and explanation
Reading carefully
Summary
Exercises
Interpreting Arguments
Introduction
Conclusions
Premises
Semantic indicators of argument structure
Restating premises and conclusion
Internal arguments
Missing premises
Tree diagrams
Surface and depth analysis
Postpone evaluation
A more complex example
Summary
Exercises
Fundamentals of Argument Construction and Evaluation
Introduction
Fundamentals of argument evaluation
Fundamentals of argument construction
What is my position?
What makes me think my position is true or plausible?
What is the purpose of my argument?
Summary
Exercises
Fallacies
Three Basic Fallacies
Introduction
Irrelevant reason
Hasty conclusion
Problematic premise
Variations of problematic premise
Begging the question
Inconsistency
Conclusion
Exercises
Fallacies of Diversion
Introduction
Straw person
Argument Ad Hominem
Abusive Ad Hominem
Circumstantial Ad Hominem
Legitimate attacks on the person
Poisoning the well
Tu Quoque
Guilt by association
Red herring
Exercises
Fallacies of Impersonation
Introduction
Faulty analogy
Two wrongs
Improper appeal to practice
Questionable cause
Argument "to" and "from" causal claims
Particular and general causal claims
Necessary and sufficient conditions
Exercises
Fallacies of Language and Meaning
Introduction
Policy 1
Policy 2
Policy 3
Fallacies related to meaning
Lack of clarity
Ambiguity
Equivocation
Vagueness
Exercises
Fallacies of Intimidation
Introduction
Improper appeal to authority
Appropriateness
Capability
Consensus
Credibility
Popularity
Majority rule
Slippery slope
Exercises
The Causes of Fallacious Reasoning
Introduction
Ethnocentrism and egocentrism
Ethnocentric thinking
Egocentric thinking
Dubious assumption
Exercises
Argumentation and Mass Media
Dealing with News Media
Introduction
Checklist of questions
All media
Television
Projects
Finding out how the media operate
Discovering the ideological role of the media
Suggestions for further reading
Exercises
Advertising: Games People Play
Introduction
Myths about advertising
"I want truthful advertising"
"All advertising is dishonest, deceptive, or both!"
"They're always trying to sell you something"
"Ads are a slice of life"
The "logic" of advertising
Some tricks of the trade
"People aren't that stupid!"
Semantic license
False or misleading implications
Suppressed evidence
Appeal to the psyche
Paraphernalia: graphics, visuals, and music
Some sample analyses
Advertisement for Shield
Advertisement for NuThin
Television advertising
Demonstration
Dramatization
Conclusion
Advanced Argumentation
Constructing Arguments
Introduction
Argumentation as dialectic
Argumentative inquiry
Identify the problem, question, or issue
Constructing the case
Make your position clear
Present arguments for your position
Defend your arguments
Consider objections to your position
Decide on your order of presentation
An example
Conclusion
Exercises
Analyzing Extended Arguments
The method explained
Write a synopsis of te argument
Identify the main premises and the conclusion
Put the main premises into hierarchical order
Evaluate the argument
Write up your critique
The method applied
Against capital punishment
For capital punishment
Conclusion
Exercises
Answers to Selected Exercises
Glossary
Index
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