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Basic Chemical Thermodynamics

ISBN-10: 1860944469
ISBN-13: 9781860944468
Edition: 5th 2004
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Book details

List price: $31.00
Edition: 5th
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Imperial College Press
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 180
Size: 6.00" wide x 8.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 0.594
Language: English

MA(Oxon), MSc, PhD, D.Litt. FCIM FRSA, until recently was Professor of Marketing and Deputy Director Cranfield School of Management, with special responsibility for E-business. Malcolm is a graduate in English Language and Literature from Oxford University, in Business Studies from Bradford University Management Centre, and has a PhD from Cranfield University. He also has an Honorary Doctorate from Bradford University. Malcolm has extensive industrial experience, including a number of years as Marketing Director of Canada Dry.

Notation
Introduction
The scope and nature of chemical thermodynamics
Equilibrium in mechanical systems
Reversibility and equilibrium
Why we need thermodynamics
The mole
The perfect gas
Energy
Work
Heat and temperature
Measurement of temperature
Heat and molecular motion
Conservation of energy
State functions: a digression
Enthalpy
Heat capacity
Problems
Entropy and equilibrium
Reversibility and equilibrium: a recapitulation
Condition of equilibrium
Entropy
Entropy as a state function
Entropy of expansion of a gas
Entropy changes accompanying heat flow
Entropy and equilibrium
A cosmological aside
Entropy as a function of pressure and temperature
Molecular basis of entropy
Statistical basis of the Second Law
Magnitudes of entropy changes
Heat engines
Problems
Equilibrium in chemical systems
Free energy
Gibbs free energy
Pressure-dependence of free energy
Temperature variation of free energy
Phase equilibria
Clapeyron equation
Clausius-Clapeyron equation
The vapour pressure of liquids
Chemical potential
Chemical potential and free energy
Equilibrium between gaseous reactants
Temperature-dependence of equilibrium constants
Effect of pressure on equilibrium constants
Basic results of chemical thermodynamics
Le Chatelier's Principle
Problems
Determination of thermodynamic quantities
Hess's Law
Standard enthalpies of formation
Average bond energies
Temperature dependence of enthalpy changes
Standard free energies of formation
Determination of free-energy changes
Determination of entropies of substances
Example of the determination of thermodynamic quantities
Calculation of thermodynamic quantities at temperatures other than 298 K
Ellingham diagrams
Free-energy functions
Problems
Ideal solutions
The ideal solution
Properties of truly ideal solutions
Mixtures of liquids
Ideal solutions of solids in liquids
Ideal dilute solutions
Colligative properties
Freezing-point depression
Elevation of boiling point
Osmotic pressure
Properties of the solute in dilute solutions
Solubility of solids
Problems
Non-ideal solutions
The concept of activity
Activity of solids in liquids
Activity in aqueous solutions
Chemical equilibria in solution
Electrochemical cells
Standard electrode potentials
Problems
Thermodynamics of gases
Expansion of a perfect gas
Irreversible expansion
Equation of state of gases
Joule-Thomson experiment
Imperfect gases: fugacity
Calculation of fugacities
Problems
Molecular basis of thermodynamics
Energy levels
Microstates
The Boltzmann factor
Behaviour of heat capacity
Partition functions
Entropy and the partition function
Calculation of the translational partition function
The rotational partition function
Vibrational partition function
Evaluation of the properties of gaseous nitrogen
Chemical equilibrium
Problems
Answers to problems
Thermochemical data at 298.15 K
Thermodynamic data for ions in aqueous solution at 298.15 K
Further reading
Periodic table of elements
SI units and list of physical constants
Index

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