Political Economy of Narcotics Production, Consumption and Global Markets

ISBN-10: 1842774476

ISBN-13: 9781842774472

Edition: 2006

Authors: Julia Buxton

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Description:

This scholarly examination of the worldwide web of narcotics today provides students, social workers, health providers, law enforcement officers and policy makers with an up-to-date, overall exploration of the world of drugs. Vast resources are pumped into the 'war on drugs'. But in practice, prohibition has failed. Narcotics use continues to rise, while technology and globalisation have made a whole new range of drugs available to a vast consumer market. Where wealth and demand exist, supply continues to follow. Prohibition has failed to stem consumption and production, criminalised social groups, impeded research into alternative medicine and disease, promoted violence and gang warfare, and impacted negatively on the environment. The alternative is a humane policy framework that recognizes the incentives to produce, traffic and consume narcotics.
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Book details

List price: $40.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Zed Books, Limited
Publication date: 5/15/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 256
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.880
Language: English

Tables and figures
Acknowledgements
Introduction
Intoxicating substances in historical perspective
The role of drugs in global society
Opium and empire
The Chinese opium market
The drift to regulation and the idea of prohibition
Drug consumption in the western market
The advent of control: Britain and America contrasted
The US modernization experience: tension and protest
The alcohol prohibition movement and experience
From regulation to control: the internationalization of drug prohibition
The anti-opium campaign in Britain
Enter America: the anti-opium campaign of the US government
The Shanghai Conference of 1909 and its impact
The beginnings of international drug control
From principle to policy
Evaluating the early drug control system
Domestic drug control
The post-war international drug control regime
The United Nations and drug control
The post-war model: prohibition victory?
Rebellion and division within the drug control system
Trends in drug consumption
The knowledge gap
Patterns of controlled drug use
Consumption dynamics in the 2000s
Trends in cultivation and production
Opiates, supply reduction and the rise of the Golden Triangle
Supply expansion and the Golden Crescent
Coca and cocaine
The manufacture and supply of other controlled drugs
The traffic in and traffickers of controlled drugs
Accounting for failure: the problem of prohibition
The limits of prohibition
The economics of the drug trade
Accounting for failure 2: institutions and policy
Alternative development
Research: a hostile environment
Demand-side neglect
By way of a conclusion: institutional crisis and decline
The political impact of drugs and drug control
The importance of state presence
Anti-drug responses: more harm than good?
United States: the heart of the problem
Full circle: more harm than good?
HIV/AIDS and intravenous drug use
The epidemiology of HIV/AIDS
The rise of the post-Soviet drug problem
IDU-related sub-epidemics: the global picture
From IDUs to broader infection
Conclusion
International drug control and HIV/AIDS
Harm reduction and injecting drug use
Injecting drug use and prisons
Opposition to harm reduction
A problem caused by drug control?
Conclusion
Cultivation and drug production: the environmental costs
The greening of the drugs issue
The environmental costs of narcotic plant cultivation
Drug production and the environment
Drugs and the environment: a credible debate?
Conclusion
Anti-drug policies and the environment: the role of chemical fumigation
US fumigation strategies in historical context: the Mexican experience
Contemporary fumigation strategies: Plan Colombia
The impact of chemical fumigation with Glyphosate
The politics of fumigation
By way of a conclusion
The new magic bullet: bio-control solutions
The evolution of the mycoherbicide strategy
The Fusarium debate
The direction of mycoherbicide research
The politics of mycoherbicides
The challenge of US unilateralism
Conclusion
A note on hemp
A brief history of hemp
The economic causes of hemp's decline
The political causes of hemp's decline
The contemporary hemp revolution
Conclusion
By way of a conclusion
Bibliography
Index
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