Introduction to Transport Phenomena in Materials Engineering

ISBN-10: 1606503553
ISBN-13: 9781606503553
Edition: 2nd
Authors: Gaskell
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Description: This classic text on fluid flow, heat transfer, and mass transport has been brought up to date in this second edition. The author has added a chapter on 'Boiling and Condensation' that expands and rounds out the book's comprehensive coverage on  More...

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Book details

Edition: 2nd
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education
Publication date: 10/1/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 686
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.50" long x 1.75" tall
Weight: 2.376
Language: English

This classic text on fluid flow, heat transfer, and mass transport has been brought up to date in this second edition. The author has added a chapter on 'Boiling and Condensation' that expands and rounds out the book's comprehensive coverage on transport phenomena. These new topics are particularly important to current research in renewable energy resources involving technologies such as windmills and solar panels. The book provides you and other materials science and engineering students and professionals with a clear yet thorough introduction to these important concepts. It balances the explanation of the fundamentals governing fluid flow and the transport of heat and mass with common applications of these fundamentals to specific systems existing in materials engineering. You will benefit from: * The use of familiar examples such as air and water to introduce the influences of properties and geometry on fluid flow. * An organization with sections dealing separately with fluid flow, heat transfer, and mass transport. This sequential structure allows the development of heat transport concepts to employ analogies of heat flow with fluid flow and the development of mass transport concepts to employ analogies with heat transport. * Ample high-quality graphs and figures throughout. * Key points presented in chapter summaries. * End of chapter exercises and solutions to selected problems. * An all new and improved comprehensive index.

List of Symbols
Engineering Units and Pressure in Static Fluids
Origins of Engineering Units
Concept of Pressure
Measurement of Pressure
Pressure in Incompressible Fluids
Buoyancy
Summary
Problems
Momentum Transport and Laminar Flow of Newtonian Fluids
Introduction
Newton's Lax of Viscosity
Conservation of Momentum in Steady-State Flow
Fluid Flow Between Two Flat Parallel Plates
Fluid Flow down in Inclined Plane
Fluid Flow in a Vertical Cylindrical Tube
Capillary Flowmeter
Fluid Flow in an Annulus
Mean Residence Time
Calculation of Viscosity from the Kinetic Theory of Gases
Viscosities of Liquid Metals
Summary
Problems
Equations of Continuity and Conservation of Momentum and Fluid Flow Past Submerged Objects
Introduction
Equation of Continuity
Conservation of Momentum
Navier-Stokes Equation for Fluids of Constant Density and Viscosity
Fluid Flow over a Horizontal Flat Plane
Approximate Integral Method in Obtaining Boundary Layer Thickness
Creeping Flow past a Sphere
Summary
Problems
Turbelent Flow
Introduction
Graphical Representation of Fluid Flow
Friction Factor and Turbulent Flow in Cylindrical Pipes
Flow Over a Flat Plate
Flow Past a Submerged Sphere
Flow Past a Submerged Cylinder
Flow Through Packed Beds
Fluidized Beds
Summary
Problems
Mechanical Energy Balance and Its Application to Fluid Flow
Introduction
Bernoulli's Equation
Friction Loss, E<sub>f</sub>
Influence of Bends, Fittings, and Changes in the Pipe Radius
Concept of Head
Fluid Flow in an Open Channel
Drainage from a Vessel
Emptying a Vessel by Discharge Through an Orifice
Drainage of a Vessel Using a Drainage Tube
Emptying a Vessel by Drainage Through a Drainage Tube
Bernoulli Equation for Flow of Compressible Fluids
Pilot Tube
Orifice Plate
Summary
Problems
Transport of Heat by Conduction
Introduction
Fourier's Law and Newton's Law
Conduction
Conduction in Heat Sources
Thermal Conductivity and the Kinetic Theory of Gases
General Heat Conduction Equation
Conduction of Heat at Steady State in Two Dimensions
Summary
Problems
Transport of Heat by Convection
Introduction
Heat Transfer by Forced Convection from a Horizontal Flat Plate at a Uniform Constant Temperature
Heat Transfer from a Horizontal Flat Plate with Uniform Heat Flux Along the Plate
Heat Transfer During Fluid Flow in Cylindrical Pipes
Energy Balance in Heat Transfer by Convection Between a Cylindrical Pipe and a Flowing Fluid
Heat Transfer by Forced Convection from Horizontal Cylinders
Heat Transfer by Forced Convection from a Sphere
General Energy Equation
Heat Transfer from a Vertical Plate by Natural Convection
Heat Transfer from Cylinders by Natural Convection
Summary
Problems
Transient Heat Flow
Introduction
Lumped Capacitance Method; Newtonian Cooling
Non-Newtonian Cooling in Semi-infinite Systems
Non-Newtonian Cooling in a One-Dimensional Finite Systems
Non-Newtonian Cooling in a Two-Dimensional Finite Systems
Solidification of Metal Castings
Summary
Problems
Heat Transport by Thermal Radiation
Introduction
Intensity and Emissive Power
Blackbody Radiation
Emissivity
Absorptivity, Reflectivity, and Transmissivity
Kirchhoff's Law and the Hohlraum
Radiation Exchange Between Surfaces
Radiation Exchange Between Blackbodies
Radiation Exchange Between Diffuse-Gray Surfaces
Electric Analogy
Radiation Shields
Reradiating Surface
Heat Transfer from a Surface by Convection and Radiation
Summary
Problems
Mass Transport by Diffusion in the Solid State
Introduction
Atomic Diffusion as a Random-Walk Process
Fick's First Law of Diffusion
One-Dimensional Non-Steady-State Diffusion in a Solid; Fick's Second Law of Diffusion
Infinite Diffusion Couple
One-Dimensional Diffusion in a Semi-infinite System Involving a Change of Phase
Steady-State Diffusion Through a Composite Wall
Diffusion in Substitutional Solid Solutions
Darken's Analysis
Self-Diffusion Coefficient
Measurement of the Interdifussion Coefficient: Boltzmann-Matano Analysis
Influence of Temperature on the Diffusion Coefficient
Summary
Problems
Mass Transport in Fluids
Introduction
Mass and Molar Fluxes in a Fluid
Equations of Diffusion with Convection in a Binary Mixture A-B
One-Dimensional Transport in a Binary Mixture of Ideal Gases
Equimolar Counterdiffusion
One-Dimensional Steady-State Diffusion of Gas A Through Stationary Gas B
Sublimation of a Sphere into a Stationary Gas
Film Model
Catalytic Surface Reactions
Diffusion and Chemical Reaction in Stagnant Film
Mass Transfer at Large Fluxes and Large Concentrations
Influence of Mass Transport on Heat Transfer in Stagnant Film
Diffusion into a Falling Film of Liquid
Diffusion and the Kinetic Theory of Gases
Mass Transfer Coefficient and Concentration Boundary Layer on a Flat Plate
Approximate Integral Method
Mass Transfer by Free Convection
Simultaneous Heat and Mass Transfer: Evaporate Cooling
Chemical Reaction and Mass Transfer: Mixed Control
Dissolution of Pure Metal A in Liquid B: Mixed Control
Summary
Problems
Condensation and Boiling
Introduction
Dimensionless Parameters in Boiling and Condensation
Modes of Boiling
Pool Boiling Correlations
Summary
Problems
Elementary and Derived SI Units and Symbols
Prefixes and Symbols for Multiples and Submultiples of SI Units
Conversion from British and U.S. Units to SI Units
Properties of Solid Metals
Properties of Nonmetallic Solids
Properties of Gases at 1 Atm Pressure
Properties of Saturated Liquids
Properties of Liquid Metals
Recommended Readings
Answers to Problems
Index

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