Introduction to Controlled Vocabularies Terminology for Art, Architecture, and Other Cultural Works,

ISBN-10: 160606150X
ISBN-13: 9781606061503
Edition: 2013
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Description: This primer on the characteristics, scope, uses, and methods for building and maintaining controlled vocabularies for art and cultural materials explains how vocabularies should be integrated in cataloging systems; utilized for indexing and  More...

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Book details

Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: Getty Publications
Publication date: 10/1/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 258
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.518
Language: English

This primer on the characteristics, scope, uses, and methods for building and maintaining controlled vocabularies for art and cultural materials explains how vocabularies should be integrated in cataloging systems; utilized for indexing and retrieval; and structured to group synonyms and arrange concepts into categories.The updated edition reflects recent developments in the field, including new national and international standards, current trends such as Linked Open Data, and revisions to the Getty vocabularies. The glossary and bibliography have also been updated.

Murtha Baca is head of the Standards and Vocabulary Programs at the Getty Research Institute.

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Controlled Vocabularies in Context
What Are Cultural Works?
Fine Arts
Architecture
Other Visual Arts
Creators of Art Information
Museums
Visual Resources Collections
Libraries
Special Collections
Archival Collections
Private Collections
Scholars
Standards for Art Information
Standards for the Creation of Vocabularies
Issues in Sharing Data
Linked Open Data
What Are Controlled Vocabularies?
Purpose of Controlled Vocabularies
Display Information and Controlled Information
Display Information with Controlled Vocabularies
Controlled Vocabularies vs. Controlled Format
Types of Controlled Vocabularies
Relationships in General
Subject Heading Lists
Other Headings
Controlled Lists
Synonym Ring Lists
Authority Files
Taxonomies
Alphanumeric Classification Schemes
Thesauri
Ontologies
Folksonomies
Relationships in Controlled Vocabularies
Equivalence Relationships
Synonyms
Lexical Variants
Historical Name Changes
Differences in Language
Near Synonyms
Preferred Terms
Homographs
Qualifiers
How to Choose a Qualifier for a Term
Other Ways to Disambiguate Names
Hierarchical Relationships
Whole/Part Relationships
Genus/Species Relationships
Instance Relationships
Facets and Guide Terms
Polyhierarchies
Associative Relationships
Types of Associative Relationships
When to Make Associative Relationships
Vocabularies for Cultural Objects
Types of Vocabulary Terms
The Getty Vocabularies
Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT)
Scope
Facets and Hierarchies in AAT
What Constitutes a Term in AAT?
Warrant for a Term
Discrete Concepts
What Is Excluded from AAT?
Fields in AAT
Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN)
Scope
Nations, Cities, Archaeological Sites
Physical Features
Places That No Longer Exist
What Is Excluded from TGN?
Built Works
Cultural and Political Groups
Fields in TGN
Union List of Artist Names (ULAN)
Scope
Artists
Architects
Non-Artists
Workshops and Families
Anonymous and Unknown Artists
Amateur Artists
What Is Excluded from ULAN?
Fields in ULAN
Cultural Objects Name Authority (CONA)
Scope
Built Works
Movable Works
What Is Excluded from CONA?
Fields in CONA
Chenhall's Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging
Organization and Scope of Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging
Terms in Nomenclature for Museum Cataloging
Nomenclature fir Museum Cataloging vs. AAT
Library of Congress Authorities
Library of CongressINACO Authority File (LCNAF)
Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)
Thesaurus for Graphic Materials (TGM)
Scope of TGM
TGM vs. AAT
Iconclass
Structure and Scope of Iconclass
Using Multiple Vocabularies
Interoperability of Vocabularies
Maintenance of Mappings
Methods of Achieving Interoperability
Direct Mapping
Switching Vocabulary
Factors for Successful Interoperability of Vocabularies
Semantic Mapping
Interoperability across Languages
Issues of Multilingual Terminology
Dominant Languages
Satellite and Extension Vocabularies
Local Authorities
Which Fields Should Be Controlled?
Structure of the Authority
Unique IDs in the Authority
Person/Corporate Body Authority
Sources for Terminology
Suggested Fields
Place/Location Authority
Sources for Terminology
Suggested Fields
Generic Concept Authority
Sources for Terminology
Suggested Fields
Subject Authority
Sources for Terminology
Suggested Fields
Source Authority
Sources for Terminology
Suggested Fields
Constructing a Vocabulary or Authority
General Criteria for the Vocabulary
Local or Broader Use
Purpose of the Vocabulary
Scope of the Vocabulary
Maintaining the Vocabulary
Data Model and Rules
Established Standards
Logical Focus of the Record
Data Structure
Controlled Fields vs. Free-Text Fields
Minimum Information
Editorial Rules
Imprecise Information
Rules for Constructing a Vocabulary
Establishing Terms
Capitalization
Regulating Hierarchical Relationships
Mixing Relationships
Incorporating Facets and Guide Terms
Displaying a Controlled Vocabulary
Display for Various Types of Users
Technical Considerations
Display Independent of Database Design
Characteristics of Displays
Format of Display
Documentation
Displaying Hierarchies
Indentation vs. Notations
Alternative Hierarchical Displays
Display of Polyhierarchy
Sorting of Siblings
Faceted Displays and Guide Terms
Classification Notation or Line Number
Full Record Display
Displaying Equivalence and Associative Relationships
Permuted Lists and Inverted Forms
Displaying Homographs
Sorting and Alphabetizing Terms
Diacritics in Sorting
Display of Diacritics
Search Results Displays
Headings or Labels
Ascending or Descending Order of Parents
Displaying the User's Search Term
Pick Lists
Indexing with Controlled Vocabularies
Technical Issues of Indexing
Availability of Indexing Terms to the Cataloger
Methodologies for Indexing
Indexing Display Information
When Fields Do Not Display to End Users
Specificity and Exhaustivity
Specificity Related to the Authority Records
General and Specific Terms
Preferred or Variant Terms
How Many Terms
How to Establish Core Elements
Minimal Records
Missing Information
Size and Focus of the Collection
Different Works Require Different Indexing
Cataloging in Phases
Indexing Groups vs. Items
Expertise of End Users
Expertise of Catalogers and Indexers
Indexing Uncertain Information
Knowable vs. Unknowable Information
Knowable Information
Debated Information
Retrieval Using Controlled Vocabularies
Identifying the Focus of Retrieval
User Intervention or Behind the Scenes
Retrieval by Browsing
Retrieval via Search Box
Retrieval by Querying in a Database
Reports and Ad Hoc Queries of the Database
Querying across Multiple Databases
Seeding Tags with Vocabulary Terms
Processing Vocabulary Data for Retrieval
Know Your Audience
Using Names for Retrieval
Truncating Names
Keyword Searching
Normalizing Terms
Case Insensitivity in Retrieval
Compound Terms and Names in Retrieval
Diacritics and Punctuation in Retrieval
Phonetic Matching
Singulars and Plurals in Retrieval
Abbreviations
Trunk Names
Form and Syntax of the Name
First and Last Names
Pivoting on the Comma
Multiple Commas
Articles and Prepositions
Reserved Character Sets
Stop Lists
Boolean Operators
Context of Terms in Retrieval
Qualifiers in Retrieval
Hierarchical Relationships in Retrieval
Associative Relationships in Retrieval
Other Data Used in Retrieval
Unique Identifiers as Search Criteria
Other Vocabulary Data Used in Retrieval
Results Lists
Appendix: Selected Vocabularies and Other Sources for Terminology
Glossary
Selected Bibliography

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