Introduction to the Gothic Language

ISBN-10: 1597523941

ISBN-13: 9781597523943

Edition: N/A

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Description: The present work is designed to provide a carefully graded introduction to the grammar and vocabulary of the Gothic language. The material is presented in a way that I have found very effective in my teaching of other languages over the years, with enough examples and exercise material to lead the student to a rapid and intelligent reading of the extant texts. In addition to this purely practical goal, I have also tried to clarify, to the extent possible, the aspectual nature of the Gothic verb, a subject somewhat neglected in the textbooks currently available in English. . . . Because the study of Gothic is usually undertaken by students of Germanic or Indo-European philology, I have included a discussion of the historical phonology and morphology in a supplementary series of lessons whose contents parallel that of the corresponding lessons in the Grammar. . . . The texts given include all extant portions of the four gospels together with the extant portions of Romans and First Timothy. The Gospel According to Luke has been fully glossed at the foot of each page to spare the student the loss of time in looking up words . . . . The end Glossary contains the complete vocabulary of the Gothic Bible with the exception of proper names and a few transliterated Greek words. --from the Preface

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Book details

Publisher: Wipf & Stock Publishers
Publication date: 1/1/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 378
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.134
Language: English

Preface
Abbreviations and Conventions
Introduction
The Goths
Sources of the Gothic Language
The Germanic Languages
The Gothic Alphabet
The Sounds of Gothic
The Consonants
The Vowels
Spelling Variations
Assimilations
Grammar Lessons
Nouns: number, case, gender, declension
Strong masculine nouns of the type dags (day)
The demonstrative adjective sa (masculine)
Prepositions (in, du, fram, ana, us)
Adverbial predication
Neuter nouns of the type waurd (word)
The neuter inflection of the demonstrative adjective sa
Predicate adjectives
Further remarks on the Devoicing Rule
Negation
Cardinal numbers
Gup
Strong feminine nouns of the type giba (gift)
The feminine predicate adjective
The feminine forms of the demonstrative adjective sa
J-stem nouns
J-stem adjectives (predicate forms)
Syntactic notes
Attributive adjectives: strong inflection
Uses of the strong inflection
Pronominal possession in the third person
Types of verbs
Verbs: inflectional categories
Aspect
Weak verbs: class I (nasjan, sokjan)
Subject pronouns
The verb mag- (to be able, can)
Weak nouns
Weak verbs, class I, with preterites in -t-
The interrogative pronouns hwas, hwa, hwo
Wisan and ist
Some uses of the dative
I-stem nouns
The five nouns of relationship (r-stem nouns)
Third person pronouns
Some verb forms (maht-, iddj-, present indicative of strong verbs)
The weak inflection of adjectives
The uses of the weak inflection of adjectives
The active participle
all- (all): pronoun and adjective
U-stem nouns
The numbers ain- (one), twai (two), preis (three)
sums (some): adjective and pronoun
The past (passive) participle
Substantivized participles
Final remarks on sa
Weak verbs, Class 3 (haban)
The remaining nominal inflections (consonantal inflections)
Verbal nouns
Verbal prefixes; at-
The personal pronouns of the first and second person
Relative pronouns and relative clauses
Sama (same) and silba (self)
The verb wiljan (want, will, wish)
The present (active) participle used as a predicate
Reflexive verbs
Loanwords and proper names from the Greek
Strong verbs: classes 4 and 5 (niman, bairan; giban, qipan, saihwan)
The verbal prefixes fra- and us-
More on relative pronouns and relative clauses
The conjunctions jah, ip, pan, -uh pan, panuh, paruh, nu
More on the verbal prefix ga-
Strong verbs: class I (beidan, -teihan)
Coordinating conjunctions (continued from 13.1)
The preterite-present verb skal
The verbal prefix af-
Strong verbs: class 2 (driusan, tiuhan)
The subjunctive (also called the optative)
The enclitic coordinating conjunction -uh
Tmesis
The verbal prefix uf-
The subjunctive in purpose clauses
Nominal clauses with patei, ei, and pei
The preterite-present verbs witan, kunnan, munan, and gamunan
The verbal prefixes and- and und-
Strong verbs: class 3 (bindan, siggwan, filhan, wairpan)
i-stem adjectives
Indefinite pronouns and adjectives (I)
The verbal prefix bi-
Strong verbs: Class 6 (faran, frapjan, standan)
The dative absolute
Temporal clauses
The demonstrative pronoun sah, patuh, sohl
Causative verbs in -jan
Weak verbs: Class 2 (salbon)
Conditional sentences
The dual
The verbal prefix mip-
Final remarks on relative constructions: ei, pei, izei, and sei
Preterite-Present verbs (*paurban, gadaursan, *ogan, *aigan)
u-stem adjectives
The comparative and superlative of adjectives
The syntax of the comparative adjective
The verbal prefixes ana- and in(n)-
Direct questions
Strong verbs: Class 7 (falpan, gretan)
Indirect questions
Interrogative and indefinite pronouns and adjectives (II)
Noun formation (I)
The passive
Indefinite pronouns and adjectives (III)
Noun formation (II)
Adjective formation
Weak verbs: Class 4 (fullnan)
Adverb formation
The partitive genitive
Final remarks on the subjunctive
Final remarks on the infinitive
Final remarks on absolutes
Final remarks on the numbers
Texts
Aiwaggeljo pairh Lukan anastodeip (The Gospel according to Luke)
Aiwaggeljo pairh Marku anastodeip (The Gospel according to Mark)
The Gospel according to Matthew
The Gospel according to John
The Epistle of Paul to the Romans
Du Teimaupaiau .a. dustodeip (The First Epistle of Paul to Timothy)
Historical Grammar: Introduction
The phonological system of Proto-Indo-European
The consonants
The vowels
Word formation
Ablaut (apophony)
The laryngeals
From Late PIE to Proto-Germanic
From Late PG to Gothic
The Gothic development of IE plain voiceless stops and *s
The Gothic development of the IE plain voiced stops
The development of the IE long vowels and diphthongs in PG and Gothic
The development of the IE short vowels and short syllabic resonants in syllables ending up stressed in Gothic
Historical Grammar: Lessons I-23 (correlated with the Grammar Lessons)
Glossary
Selected Bibliography
Index of Etymologies
Grammatical Index
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