Genius of China 3,000 Years of Science, Discovery, and Invention

ISBN-10: 1594772177
ISBN-13: 9781594772177
Edition: 2007
List price: $29.95 Buy it from $15.71
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Description: Revised, full-color illustrated edition of the multi-award-winning, international bestseller that charts the unparalleled and astounding achievement of ancient China - Brings to life one hundred Chinese "firsts" in the fields of agriculture,  More...

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Book details

List price: $29.95
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Inner Traditions International, Limited
Publication date: 11/1/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 288
Size: 7.50" wide x 10.25" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 2.244
Language: English

Revised, full-color illustrated edition of the multi-award-winning, international bestseller that charts the unparalleled and astounding achievement of ancient China - Brings to life one hundred Chinese "firsts" in the fields of agriculture, astronomy, engineering, mathematics, medicine, music, technology, and warfare - Based on the definitive work of the world's most famous Sinologist, Joseph Needham (1900-1995), author of Science and Civilisation in China - Organized by field, invention, and discovery for ease of referenceUndisputed masters of invention and discovery for 3,000 years, the ancient Chinese were the first to discover the solar wind and the circulation of the blood and even to isolate sex hormones. From the suspension bridge and the seismograph to deep drilling for natural gas, the iron plough, and the parachute, ancient China's contributions in the fields of engineering, medicine, technology, mathematics, science, transportation, warfare, and music helped inspire the European agricultural and industrial revolutions.Since its original publication, The Genius of China has won five literary awards in America and been translated into 43 languages. Its Chinese edition, The Spirit of Chinese Invention, was approved by the Chinese Ministry of Education for use in connection with the national secondary curriculum in China. Based on the immense, authoritative scholarship of the late Joseph Needham, the world's foremost scholar of Chinese science, and including a foreword by him, this revised full-color illustrated edition brings to life the spirit and excitement of the unparalleled achievements of ancient China.

Preface
Foreword
The West's debt to China
Agriculture
Row cultivation and intensive hoeing
The iron plough
Efficient horse harnesses
The rotary winnowing fan
The multi-tube ('modern') seed drill
Astronomy and Cartography
Recognition of sunspots as solar phenomena
Quantitative cartography
Discovery of the solar wind
The Mercator map-projection
Equatorial astronomical instruments
Engineering
Spouting bowls and standing waves
Cast iron
The double-acting piston bellows
The crank handle
The 'Cardan suspension'; or gimbals
Manufacture of steel from cast iron
Deep drilling for natural gas
The belt-drive (or driving-belt)
Water power
The chain pump
The suspension bridge
The first cybernetic machine
Essentials of the steam engine
'Magic minors'
The 'Siemens' steel process
The segmental arch bridge
The chain-drive
Underwater salvage operations
Domestic and Industrial Technology
Lacquer: the first plastic
Strong beer (sake)
Petroleum and natural gas as fuel
Paper
The wheelbarrow
Sliding callipers
The magic lantern
The fishing reel
The stirrup
Porcelain
Biology pest control
The umbrella
Matches
Chess
Brandy and whisky
The mechanical clock
Printing
Playing-cards
Paper money
'Permanent' lamps
The spinning-wheel
Medicine and Health
Circulation of the blood
Circadian rhythms in the human body
The science of endocrinology
Deficiency diseases
Diabetes
Use of thyroid hormone
Immunology
Mathematics
The decimal system
A place for zero
Negative numbers
Extraction of higher roots and solutions of higher numerical equations
Decimal fractions
Using algebra in geometry
A refined value of pi
'Pascal's' triangle
Magnetism
The first compasses
Dial and pointer devices
Magnetic declination of the Earth's magnetic field
Magnetic remanence and induction
The Physical Sciences
Geo-botanical prospecting
The First Law of Motion
The hexagonal structure of snowflakes
The seismograph
Spontaneous combustion
'Modern' geology
Phosphorescent paint
Transportation and Exploration
The kite
Manned flight with kites
The first relief maps
The first contour transport canal
The parachute
Miniature hot-air balloons
The rudder
Masts and sailing
Watertight compartments in ships
The helicopter rotor and the propeller
The paddle-wheel boat
Land sailing
The canal pound-lock
Sound and Music
The large tuned bell
Tuned drums
Hermetically sealed research laboratories
The first understanding of musical timbre
Equal temperament in music
Warfare
Chemical warfare, poison gas, smoke bombs and tear gas
The crossbow
Gunpowder
The flame-thrower
Flares, fireworks, bombs, grenades land mines and sea mines
The rocket, and multi-staged rockets
Guns, cannons, mortars and repeating guns
Chinese dynasties
General map of China
Charts showing time lags between Chinese inventions and discoveries and their adoption or recognition by the West
Index
Author's acknowledgements
Picture credits

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