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Motion Near the Surface of the Earth | |

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Mathematics, the Language of Physics | |

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Why All of This Is Important | |

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Making Measurements | |

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Recording Measurements | |

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Significant Figures | |

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Defining Equations | |

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Scientific Notation | |

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Coefficients and Exponents | |

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Multiplying and Dividing in Scientific Notation | |

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It's About Time, Too! | |

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A Few Additional Rules to Keep in Mind | |

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Putting It All Together | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Movement in One Dimension | |

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It All Starts with Position | |

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Changes in Movement | |

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Using Algebra to Calculate Velocity | |

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Describing Uniform Motion | |

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Unit Analysis | |

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Understanding Acceleration | |

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Describing Uniformly Accelerated Motion | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Introduction to Vectors | |

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Vectors-Geometry in Motion | |

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Vectors and Scalars | |

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Vector Addition | |

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Subtracting Vectors | |

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Multiplication in Vector Algebra | |

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Components of Vectors | |

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Position and Displacement | |

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Understanding Velocity | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Motion in Two Dimensions | |

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The Keys to the Kingdom | |

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Displacement Revisited | |

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Motion in the x-y Plane | |

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Understanding the Velocity of a Boat | |

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Uniform Circular Motion | |

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Speed and Velocity in a Circular Path | |

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Centripetal Acceleration | |

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So What's the Angle? | |

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Crankshafts and Merry-Go-Rounds | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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How and Why Things Move | |

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Forces and Motion | |

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The Three Laws of Motion | |

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Pushes and Pulls | |

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Action and Reaction | |

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The Basics | |

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The Vector Nature of Force | |

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Components of Forces | |

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Net Force and Uniform Motion | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Free Fall and Gravity | |

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Uniform Accelerated Motion | |

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Free Fall and Friction | |

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Terminal Velocity | |

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Describing the Motion of a Falling Object | |

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More on Weight and Mass | |

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Understanding the Gravitational Field | |

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Understanding Force Fields | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Projectile Motion | |

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Early Ideas of Projectiles and Falling Objects | |

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Instantaneous Velocity | |

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What Happens When an Object Is Thrown Vertically Upward? | |

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Two Motions: Uniformly Accelerated (Vertical) and Uniform (Horizontal) | |

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A Graphical Solution to Projectile Motion | |

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Launching a Projectile Vertically Upward | |

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A Baseball from Center Field | |

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The Hang Time of a Punt | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation | |

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How Is Force Related to Mass and Distance? | |

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Simple Harmonic Motion | |

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Equilibrium and Simple Harmonic Motion in a Spring | |

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A Simple Pendulum | |

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The Motion of Heavenly Bodies | |

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Gravitational Force Between Any Two Bodies | |

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The Acceleration of Satellites of the Earth | |

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Measuring the Mass of the Earth | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Work and Energy | |

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Work and Power | |

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Work in Motion | |

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Work and Force | |

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Calculating Work Using a Horizontal Force | |

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Calculation of Work Using a Component of the Force | |

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Calculating Work Using Lifting Force | |

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Calculating Work Using the Force of Friction | |

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Simple Machines | |

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The Inclined Plane | |

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The Lever | |

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Work, Power, and Time | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Kinetic Energy | |

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What Has Kinetic Energy? | |

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Work and Kinetic Energy | |

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Motion on an Inclined Plane | |

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Kinetic Energy of an Object Moving in a Circular Path | |

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Kinetic Energy of Falling Objects | |

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Where Does Kinetic Energy Go? | |

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The Kinetic Energy of a Projectile | |

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Bernoulli's Principle | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Potential Energy | |

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When Does an Object Have Potential Energy? | |

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Work and Potential Energy | |

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Potential Energy of Objects Above the Earth | |

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Instantaneous Velocity of a Projectile | |

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Orbital Velocity | |

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Transfer of Potential Energy | |

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Hooke's Law | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Conservation of Energy and Momentum | |

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How Conservation Laws Work | |

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The Law of Conservation of Energy | |

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Impulse and Momentum | |

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Understanding the Relationship Between Impulse and Momentum | |

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Conservation of Momentum | |

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Conserving Momentum | |

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A Total Momentum of Zero | |

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Momentum of a Combination | |

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Head-On Collisions | |

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Understanding Elasticity | |

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Understanding Inelasticity | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Heat, Sound, and States of Matter | |

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Solids, Liquids, and Gases | |

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Solids | |

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Liquids | |

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High-Heel Pressure | |

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Swimming Pool Pressure | |

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Gases | |

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Changing State | |

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Boyle's Law | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Pressure | |

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A Brief History of Hydraulics | |

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A Simple Hydraulic Machine | |

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Pressure and a Simple Machine | |

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Liquid Pressure and Depth | |

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Pressure and Total Force | |

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Total Force | |

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Pressure and Buoyant Force | |

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Gas Pressure and Altitude | |

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Sipping Liquids Through a Straw | |

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Air Pressure and Buoyant Force | |

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How Does a Baseball Curve? | |

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Pressure and Thermal Energy | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Heat Energy | |

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Temperature and Thermometers | |

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The Mystery Behind Heat | |

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Temperature Scales | |

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Specific Heat and the Second Law of Thermodynamics | |

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The Law of Entropy | |

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Latent Heat of Vaporization and Fusion | |

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Transfer of Heat | |

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Transfer of Heat by Conduction | |

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Transfer of Heat by Convection | |

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Transfer of Heat by Radiation | |

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How Will the Universe End? | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Sound Energy | |

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Vibrating Strings | |

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Where Does Sound Come From? | |

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Types of Waves | |

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Transverse Waves | |

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Longitudinal Waves | |

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Properties of Waves | |

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Newton and the Speed of Sound | |

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Wavelength and Frequency | |

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Characteristics of Sound | |

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Interference and Reflection of Sound | |

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Sound and Temperature | |

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Resonance | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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The Anatomy of Atoms, Electricity, and Light | |

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Atoms, Ions, and Isotopes | |

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The Structure of the Atom | |

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Thomson's Atomic Model | |

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Alpha Particles and Protons | |

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The Atomic Model of Niels Bohr | |

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Isotopes and the Same Element | |

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The Formation of Ions | |

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Another Source of Ions | |

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Rutherford's Radioactive Particles | |

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The Formation of Molecules | |

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Other Ways to Form Molecules | |

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Metals Exchange Electons | |

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Movement of Atoms and Their Components | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Electricity at Rest | |

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Early Ideas About Electricity | |

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Static Electricity | |

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Electric Charge and Atomic Structure | |

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Conductors and Insulators | |

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Charging an Object | |

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Coulomb's Law | |

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Detectors of Static Charge | |

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Charge by Induction and Conduction | |

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Charging by Induction | |

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Electric Fields and Capacitors | |

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Generating Much Larger Amounts of Charge | |

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Charging and Discharging a Capacitor | |

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Lightning and Charged Rain Clouds | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Electricity in Motion | |

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Volts, Amps, and Ohms | |

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Electromagnetism and Amps | |

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Ohm's Law | |

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Electric Potential Energy | |

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Magnetic Fields and Induction | |

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Potential Difference | |

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Resistance | |

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Resistance and the Unit of Opposition | |

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Components of an Electric Circuit | |

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Series Circuits | |

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Parallel Circuits | |

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Series-Parallel Circuits | |

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Resistors and Power Rating | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Light as Particles in Motion | |

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Is Light a Particle or a Wave? | |

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The Inverse Square Law | |

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Direction and Speed of Light | |

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Reflection | |

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Reflection and Spherical Mirrors | |

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Refraction | |

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Mathematics of Snell's Law | |

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The Critical Angle of Incidence | |

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Snell's Law for Two Other Media | |

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The Double Convex Lens or Converging Lens | |

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Testing the Particle Model | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Light as Waves | |

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Thomas Young's Experiment | |

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Wavelengths and Frequency | |

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Spectral Lines | |

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Light and Paint | |

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Light and the Doppler Effect | |

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The Electromagnetic Spectrum | |

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Refraction | |

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Diffraction | |

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Interference | |

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Calculating the Wavelength Using an Interference Pattern | |

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An Interference Pattern of Light | |

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A Final Word | |

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Problems for the Budding Rocket Scientist | |

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Appendixes | |

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Glossary | |

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Physics Phun Answers | |

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Solutions to Budding Rocket Scientist Problems | |

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Index | |