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GIS for the Urban Environment

ISBN-10: 1589480821
ISBN-13: 9781589480827
Edition: 2006
List price: $79.95
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Description: This introduction to urban planning applications and problem solving with CIS is appropriate for students and professionals in the fields of geography, urban studies, urban planning, urban public health, urban environmental assessment, and hazard  More...

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Book details

List price: $79.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: ESRI, Incorporated
Publication date: 8/1/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 600
Size: 8.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 4.048
Language: English

This introduction to urban planning applications and problem solving with CIS is appropriate for students and professionals in the fields of geography, urban studies, urban planning, urban public health, urban environmental assessment, and hazard and emergency management. Technical jargon is minimized while the analytical concepts are fully described, enabling full use and understanding of GIS techniques. Infused in the included laboratory exercises are real-world activities that are often required in urban GIS projects but rarely included in prepared lab work, such as data acquisition, integrating data into the GIS, and manipulation of real data. Project design and analysis methodologies are also demonstrated with real-life examples of urban GIS projects.

John Pickles, an Associate Professor in the Department of Geography, is also member of the Committee on Social Theory at the University of Kentucky. His teaching and writing focus on such topics as social theory, disciplinary history, regional political economy, and the geography of transition and restructuring in South Africa and Eastern Europe.

Preface
Foreword
Acknowledgments
1
Basics of Mapping and GIS
What is a map?
Historic and cultural perspectives
Maps, technology, and power
What is a GIS?
Why planners use GIS
GIS forthe urban environment
Layers
Using GIS in an urban context
Basic GIS functionality
Typical GIS tasks
GIS on the Internet
Modeling Spatial Data and Basic Mapping Concepts
Modeling
The vector model
The raster model
Combining raster and vector
Continuous vs. discrete data
Scale
Generalization
Geographic extent, geographic unit of analysis, and data aggregation
Map projections and coordinate systems
Common coordinate systems
Maps, scales, and coordinate systems
Thematic Mapping
Maps: Tangible vs. mental
Maps: Reference vs. thematic
Components of the thematic map
Quantitative vs, qualitative thematic maps
Types of thematic maps
Multivariate maps
Mental mapping
Data Classification Methods and Data Exploration
Quantitative vs. qualitative information
Measurement scales
Statistics and mapping
Summarizing data with statistics
Methods of classification
Issues in classification
Data exploration
Thematic map interpretation
Data Visualization and Map Design
Types of charts and graphs
Data visualization
Map design and composition
Main map elements
Graphic design
Color
Typography
Map design critique
Sources of Urban Data
A wealth of data
Choosing the appropriate data
Level of detail
Quality
Map accuracy
National map accuracy standards
Attribute data accuracy and currency
Metadata
The U.S. Decennial Census
U.S. Census TIGER/Line files
U.S. Postal zone mapping
United States Geological Survey (USGS) mapping
GISdata produced by state and local government
Commercial sources
The Internet
Data clearinghouses
Access to urban GIS data
Evaluation of an urban dataset
Mapping Databases
Point geocoding
Unmapped attribute tables
Creating vector mapping
GPS
Data acquisition
Attribute Data and Relational Database Management Systems
Attribute database tables
Creating database tables
Working directly with external database management systems
Managing database tables
Tables and views
Grouping data
Relational databases
Adding the spatial dimension
RDBMS and data integration
Integrating data using an RDBMS
Methods of Spatial Data Analysis
Types of analysis
Simple query: Data search and analysis
Reclassification
Geoprocessing
Optimal location/suitability analysis
Boolean operators
Modeling
Expert systems and rule-based reasoning
Interpolation
Using GIS for problem solving
GIS Project Development and Institutional Issues
Driving forces
Proposing a GIS
Initiating a project
Project development
Development cycle
Management perspective
Develop a project flow chart
Ethical Issues in GIS and Urban Planning
A multitude of issues
The subjectivity of maps
Maps as propaganda
Participatory GIS and the democratization of GIS
GIS for advocacy purposes: Counter-mapping
Technology and the use of local knowledge bases
Access to hardware, software, and skills
Vernacularization of GIS
Data access
Data ownership
Data liability
Privacy, confidentiality, and surveillance issues
Participatory community-based planning with GIS
Other Geotechnologies and Recent Developments in GIS
Three-dimensional GIS
Advanced GIS analysis
Remote sensing
Global Positioning System (GPS)
Lidar technology
Mobile mapping
Internet mapping software
Wide area networks
Conclusion
Project documentation and policy recommendation report
2
Nonprofit Organization GIS Strategic Planning and Public Outreach
Public outreach: Imagine New York
The Lower Manhattan Preservation Fund
The campaign for community-based planning Olympics 2012
GIS Use by Urban Nonprofit Organizations for Housing Initiatives and Urban Services
Fordham Bedford Housing Corporation, University Neighborhood Housing Program, and the Enterprise Foundation
Delivering Health-care Services to an Urban Population
Access to health care in Greenpoint-Williamsburg, Brooklyn, New York
Natural Habitat and Open Space Assessment
Long Island Sound Stewardship System
Urban Environmental Planning
Land-use classification for extensive vegetative roof acreage potential in the Bronx
Emergency Management and Disaster Response
Using GIS at Ground Zero
Infrastructure Mapping for Planning and Maintenance
GIS mapping of the New York City sewer and storm drain system
Archaeology and Historic Preservation with GIS
Archaeology GIS project for the New York City Landmark Preservation Commission
Health and Environmental Justice
Mapping environmental hazards and asthma in the Bronx
Crime Pattern Analysis
Exploring Bronx auto thefts using GIS
Community-based Planning
Graffiti in Community District Two, Queens, New York: Private expression in the public realm
Advocacy Planning and Public Information
Community Mapping Assistance Project for the Metropolitan Waterfront Alliance and Open Accessible Space Information Systems Internet map site
Making Maps of Urban Data
Exploring BasicGIS Functionality
Thematic Mapping: Dot Density Maps
Thematic Mapping: Choropleth Maps
Integrating Graphs and Maps, and Designing Map Layouts
Developing an Attribute Database from an Internet Source
Geocoding and Labeling
Working with Relational Databases
Generating Buffers and Using Selection for Proximity Analysis
Geoprocessing Operations and Joining Tables
Data Exploration and Geostatistical Analysis
Advanced Layout Techniques
Afterword
About the authors
Data credits
Data license agreement
Installing the data
Index

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