Guatemala Never Again

ISBN-10: 157075294X

ISBN-13: 9781570752940

Edition: 1999 (Reprint)

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Book details

List price: $34.00
Copyright year: 1999
Publisher: Orbis Books
Publication date: 9/1/1999
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 332
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.716
Language: English

Foreword to the English Edition
Preface to the International Edition
Acknowledgments
Speech
On the Occasion of the Presentation of the REMHI Report Metropolitan Cathedral of Guatemala City, April 24, 1998
Introductory Remarks
Introduction
The Value of Testimony
Social and Political Violence in Guatemala
Periods of Violence
The Impact of Militarization
Impunity
The Struggle for Memory
Glossary: Acronyms, Abbreviations, Organizations, and Spanish Words
The Impact of the Violence
Individual Effects of the Violence
The Immediate Impact
Ongoing Trauma
From Fear to Terror
A Strategy of Terror
No Way Out
Climate of Terror
The Social Effects of Fear
The Individual Effects of Fear
Fear as a Self-defense Mechanism
Ongoing Experiences of Fear
Altered Grieving Processes
Sociopolitical Violence and Altered Grief
Forced Disappearances
Blaming the Victims
Forced Collaboration
Political Activism: A Sense of Responsibility and Guilt
Between Words and Silence
The Wrath of Injustice
From Senselessness to Injustice
Powerlessness against Impunity
A Veneer of Normalcy
Questioning the Struggle
Destroying the Seed
Violence against Children
Children on the Run
The Militarization of Childhood
The Children of Violence
From Adoption to Abduction
The Will to Live
The Assault on Community
Collective and Community Destruction and Loss
Community Destruction
Community Breakdown and Crisis
Social Polarization
Persecution and Disruption of Daily Life
A Regimented Existence
Social Breakdown
The Militarization of Daily Life: The Impact of the Civil Patrols
Social Identity: Violence against Religion and Culture
Religious Changes
Loss of Traditional Authorities
Loss of Language
The Colors of Identity
Repairing the Social Fabric
Coping with Violence
The Population's Varied Experiences
Culture
Coping Strategies
The Experience of the Displaced
Large-scale Displacement
The Dynamics of Displacement: The Path of Flight
Seeking Refuge in Exile
Into the Hills: From Flight to Resistance
The Experience of the Communities of Popular Resistance (CPRs)
Reintegration Processes
Restoring Family Ties and Support
In Search of an Explanation
No Explanation or Individualized Explanations
Sociopolitical Conflict and Involvement
Interpersonal Explanations
Ethno-political Explanations
From Violence to the Affirmation of Women
Violence against Women
Women as Victims
"They Treated Us Worse than Animals"
Using Their Motherhood against Them
Cooking and Dancing for Their Assailants
Sexual Assault
Assaults on Bodies and on Dignity
Mass Rapes
The Significance of Rape
Other Forms of Torture Associated with Rape
A Counterinsurgency Method
The Consequences of Contempt
The Impact of Rape
Women's Resistance
Pulling Their Lives Together: Women's Roles and the Social Fabric
Creating New Spaces: Women's Activism
Never Again! Preventing a Recurrence
Truth, Justice, and Human Rights
The Defense of Human Rights
Discovering the Truth
Confronting the Causes
Social Change for Peace
Expectations for Peace
Reparations
The Methodology of Horror
The Intelligence Behind the Violence
The Intelligence Structure
The Dynamics of Violence; the Role of the Intelligence Services
The Name of Fear: La 2
The Archivo: The Intelligence Division of the Presidential General Staff (EMP)
The Criminal Investigations Department and Other Police Entities
The Mobile Military Police (PMA)
The Treasury Guard
Intelligence Networks
Death Squads
Strategies of Control: Intelligence in Action
International Surveillance
Technology at the Service of Violence
Surveillance of Daily Life
Eradicating the Enemy Within
Targeting the People
Control of Hostile Populations
Involving the People in the War
A Strategy at the Village Level
The Civil Self-defense Patrols: The Militarization of Daily Life
A War Strategy
The Imposition and Formation of the Civil Patrols
Volunteers by Force
The Patrol Structure
Military Training and Patrols
Captures of Civilians
Massacres and Murders
Control over People's Movements
The Spoils of War
Solidarity and Resistance
The Methodology of Horror
Forced Recruitment
Special Forces
An Education in Violence
Fostering Violence
Compelled Obedience
Enforcing Complicity
Contempt for Human Life: "The Step of Death"
Extending Control
The Ways of Horror
Massacres: The Anatomy of Destruction
The Anguish of Torture
Threats
Abduction Procedures
Short-term Abduction or Detention
Forced Disappearances: A Smoke Screen
Executions: "Doing Someone In"
Infiltration
Torture Methods and Training
Induced Betrayal
Silenced Voices: The Unrecognized Prisoners of War
Character Transformation: Taking on the Oppressor's Identity
Clandestine Prisons
Psychosexual Control over the Troops
Preparing the Massacres
Concealing Infamy: Clandestine Cemeteries
Conclusions: From the Memory of Atrocities to the Violence of Today
In Search of an Explanation
Violence in the Postwar Period
The Struggle to Reclaim Memory
The Historical Context
Background
From Barrios to Ponce Vaides
The October Revolution
The Protagonism of the Catholic Church
The 1954 Coup d'Etat
The Armed Conflict in the Sixties
The November 13 Revolt
The Incipient Guerrilla Movement
The Trecistas
Spotlight on Concua
FAR (Rebel Armed Forces)
The 1963 Coup d'Etat
The Mendez Montenegro Government
The Pact with the Army
Army Reorganization
Paramilitary Groups
Escalating Violence
The Decline of the Guerrillas
The Catholic Church
The Military Governments of the Seventies
The Military Project
The Arana Government
Political Terror
Power Alliances
The Laugerud Government
Grassroots Struggle
Other Trends
An Intolerant Business Sector
Renewed Land Seizures
The Deterioration of the Electoral System
The Rise of the Indigenous Movement
Evolution of the New Guerrilla Movement
The Evolution of Counterinsurgency
The Lucas Era
Conspicuous Crimes
The Counterinsurgency Offensives
Changing and Uncertain Times
The Counterinsurgency Strategy
"Scorched Earth"
The Insurgents' Strategy
"The People's War"
The Poor against the Rich
The Victims
The Catholic Church
Training Centers
Political Polarization
Lucas's Demise
The Rios Montt Government
A Turning Point in History
The New Counterinsurgency
The Military Offensives of 1982-1983
The Ixil Region
Clearing out the Border Area
Offensives in the Central Corridor
Alta and Baja Verapaz
The Capital and the Coast
Quetzaltenango
The Church Targeted
The Mejia Victores Government
The Cerezo Government
The Transition, 1986-1987
Concertacion
The Initial Agreements
The Tensions Begin
Rumbling in the Barracks
The Power of the New Right-wing Business Elite
A No-win Battle
The Power of El Sindicato
National Stability Doctrine
The Year-end Offensive
Active Neutrality
The "Message System" and Other Methods
The Conspiracy, 1988-1989
Coup Attempts
The "Dirty War"
Diplomacy and Terror
The Collapse of Stability
The Army Loses Leadership
The Casualties
The Serrano Elias Government
The Business Candidate
Battles over Peace
Waging War
A Climate of Insecurity
The Advent of Globalization
Other Areas of Civil Society
Army Reassignments
Preparing for the Postwar Period
Into the Void
Ramiro de Leon and the Business Community
Power Struggles
Peace Negotiations
The War Continues
The URNG and the Signing of the Peace Accord
The Business Candidate's Victory
Peace against All Odds
The Victims of the Conflict
The Data Compiled by the Remhi Project
Violations of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law
The Magnitude of the Violence
The Violations
Accountability
Periods of Violence
The Characteristics of Genocide
Patterns of Violations
Violations of the Right to Life
Extra-judicial Executions
Forced Disappearances
Death as a Result of Persecution
Casualties of Indiscriminate Attacks
Massacres
Violations of the Right to Physical and Psychological Integrity
Torture and Cruel Treatment
Rapes
Attacks
Violations of the Right to Personal Security
Violations of the Right to Personal Liberty
Irregular Detentions
General Statistics
Violations by Historical Period (Victims)
Massacres
Distributed by Department and Year
Distributed by Month and Year
Responsible Force
Responsible Force
Violations against Life by Incidents and Victims
Distribution by Historical Period by Incidents and Victims
Massacres Distributed by Department and Year
Violations by Department (1)
Violations by Department (2)
Violations by Department (3)
The Path to Social Reconstruction Recommendations of the Remhi Project
Repairing the Damage
Reparations
Humanitarian Assistance for Victims and Survivors (Medical, Psychological, Social, and Legal Reparations)
Collective Memory
Statement of Government Responsibility
Official History
Investigation of Cases: Statements concerning the Disappeared
Honoring the Victims
Exhumations
Restoring Memory to the People
The Role of Other Social Sectors
The Religious Community: Demands and Expectations
International Presence
The URNG
Preventing Human Rights Violations
Respect for Human Rights
Justice and Social Sanctions
Preventing Social and Community Violence
Legislative and Judicial Reforms
Methods for Monitoring Law Enforcement
Traditional Authority and Law
The Judiciary
Social Changes for Peace
Demilitarization
Exercising Personal Freedoms
Addressing the Land Issue
Bibliography
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