Paradoxes of Desegregation African American Struggles for Educational Equity in Charleston, South Carolina, 1926-1972

ISBN-10: 1570036322
ISBN-13: 9781570036323
Edition: 2006
Authors: R. Scott Baker
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Description: In this provocative appraisal of desegregation in South Carolina, R. Scott Baker contends that half a century after the Brown decision we still know surprisingly little about the new system of public education that replaced segregated caste  More...

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Book details

Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: University of South Carolina Press
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 248
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.452
Language: English

In this provocative appraisal of desegregation in South Carolina, R. Scott Baker contends that half a century after the Brown decision we still know surprisingly little about the new system of public education that replaced segregated caste arrangements in the South. Much has been written about the most dramatic battles for black access to southern schools, but Baker examines the rationale and durable evasions that authorities institutionalized in response to African American demands for educational opportunity. A case study of southern evasions, Paradoxes of Desegregation documents the new educational order that grew out of decades of conflict between African American civil rights activists and South Carolina's political leadership. During the 1940s, Baker shows, a combination of black activism on a local level and NAACP litigation forced state officials to increase funding for black education. This early phase of the struggle in turn accelerated the development of institutions that cultivated a new generation of grass roots leaders. Baker demonstrates that white resistance to integration did not commence or crystallize after Brown. Instead, beginning in the 1940s, authorities in South Carolina institutionalized an exclusionary system of standardized testing that, according to Baker, exploited African Americans' educational disadvantages, limited access to white schools, and confined black South Carolinians to separate institutions. As massive resistance to desegregation collapsed in the late 1950s, officials in other southern states followed South Carolina's lead, adopting testing policies that continue to govern the region's educational system. Paradoxes of Desegregation brings muchneeded historical perspective to contemporary debates about the landmark federal education law No Child Left Behind. Baker analyzes decades of historical evidence related to high-stakes testing and concludes that desegregation, while a triumph for advantaged blacks, has paradoxically been a tragedy for most African Americans.

List of Illustrations and Tables
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Mamie Fields and the School at Society Corner, 1926-1938
"The First Signs of a Mass Movement," 1938-1945
Testing Equality, 1936-1946
The Veil in Higher Education, 1943-1953
Black Schooling and the Briggs Decision, 1945-1954
Contesting Brown, 1954-1960
Evading Brown, 1954-1960
Disorder and Desegregation, 1960-1963
A New Educational Order, 1963-1972
Epilogue
Notes
Bibliography
Index
About the Author

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