Polymer Processing Modeling and Simulation

ISBN-10: 1569903980
ISBN-13: 9781569903988
Edition: 2006
List price: $199.95 Buy it from $118.97
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Description: This book addresses traditional polymer processing as well as the emerging technologies associated with the plastics industry in the 21st century and combines engineering modeling aspects with computer simulation of realistic polymer processes. This  More...

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Book details

List price: $199.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Hanser Publications
Publication date: 1/1/2006
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 606
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 3.498
Language: English

This book addresses traditional polymer processing as well as the emerging technologies associated with the plastics industry in the 21st century and combines engineering modeling aspects with computer simulation of realistic polymer processes. This book provides a polymer processing background to engineering students and practicing engineers. It is a three-part textbook written for a two-semester polymer processing series in mechanical and chemical engineering. The first and second part of the book are designed for a senior- to graduate-level course, introducing polymer processing, and the third part is for a graduate course on simulation in polymer processing. Throughout the book, many applications are presented in form of examples and illustrations. These also serve the practicing engineer as a guide when determining important parameters and factors during the design process or when optimizing a process. Examples are presented throughout the book, and problems and solutions are available.

Professor Sanjay K Sharma is a well known author of many books and hundreds of articles over the last twenty years. He is presently working as Professor and Head in the Department of Chemistry & Environmental Engineering at the Institute of Engineering & Technology (IET), Alwar, India. He gained his PhD in Synthetic Organophosphorus Chemistry and Computational Chemistry. In 1999, he joined IET and started working in the field of Environmental Chemistry and established a Green Chemistry Research Laboratory. His work in the field of Green Corrosion Inhibitors is very well regarded by the international research community. He is a member of the American Chemical Society (USA) and Green Chemistry Network (Royal Society of Chemists, UK) and is also a Life member of various international professional societies including the International Society of Analytical Scientists, Indian Council of Chemists, International Congress of Chemistry and Environment and the Indian Chemical Society. Dr Sharma has six textbooks and over 40 research papers of national and international repute to his credit, and he also serves as Editor-in-Chief for two international research journals and is reviewer in many other international journals.Ackmez Mudhoo is presently Lecturer in the Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering at the University of Mauritius. He obtained his First Class Bachelors Degree in Chemical and Environmental Engineering from the University of Mauritius in 2004. He then successfully read and completed a Master of Philosophy Degree by Research in the Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Mauritius in 2009. His main research interests span the analysis and design of composting systems, the biological treatment of solid wastes and wastewaters, and green process engineering. He has 24 international journal publications, 4 conference papers and 5 book chapters to his credit, and an additional 5 research/review papers in the pipeline. He also serves as a peer reviewer for many key journals in the field and is the Editor-in-Chief for two international research journals.

Preface
Introduction
Modeling and Simulation
Modeling Philosophy
Notation
Concluding Remarks
References
Background
Polymer Materials Science
Chemical Structure
Molecular Weight
Conformation and Configuration of Polymer Molecules
Morphological Structure
Copolymers and Polymer Blends
Thermal Transitions
Viscoelastic Behavior of Polymers
Stress Relaxation
Time-Temperature Superposition (WLF-Equation)
Examples of Common Polymers
Thermoplastics
Thermosetting Polymers
Elastomers
Problems
References
Processing Properties
Thermal Properties
Thermal Conductivity
Specific Heat
Density
Thermal Diffusivity
Linear Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
Thermal Penetration
Measuring Thermal Data
Curing Properties
Rheological Properties
Flow Phenomena
Viscous Flow Models
Viscoelastic Constitutive Models
Rheometry
Surface Tension
Permeability properties
Sorption
Diffusion and Permeation
Measuring S, D, and P
Diffusion of Polymer Molecules and Self-Diffusion
Friction properties
Problems
References
Polymer Processes
Extrusion
The Plasticating Extruder
Extrusion Dies
Mixing Processes
Distributive Mixing
Dispersive Mixing
Mixing Devices
Injection Molding
The Injection Molding Cycle
The Injection Molding Machine
Related Injection Molding Processes
Secondary Shaping
Fiber Spinning
Film Production
Thermoforming
Calendering
Coating
Compression Molding
Foaming
Rotational Molding
References
Processing Fundamentals
Dimensional Analysis and Scaling
Dimensional Analysis
Dimensional Analysis by Matrix Transformation
Problems with non-Linear Material Properties
Scaling and Similarity
Problems
References
Transport Phenomena in Polymer Processing
Balance Equations
The Mass Balance or Continuity Equation
The Material or Substantial Derivative
The Momentum Balance or Equation of Motion
The Energy Balance or Equation of Energy
Model Simplification
Reduction in Dimensionality
Lubrication Approximation
Simple Models in Polymer Processing
Pressure Driven Flow of a Newtonian Fluid Through a Slit
Flow of a Power Law Fluid in a Straight Circular Tube (Hagen-Poiseuille Equation)
Flow of a Power Law Fluid in a Slightly Tapered Tube
Volumetric Flow Rate of a Power Law Fluid in Axial Annular Flow
Radial Flow Between two Parallel Discs - Newtonian Model
The Hele-Shaw model
Cooling or Heating in Polymer Processing
Problems
References
Analyses Based on Analytical Solutions
Single Screw Extrusion-Isothermal Flow Problems
Newtonian Flow in the Metering Section of a Single Screw Extruder
Cross Channel Flow in a Single Screw Extruder
Newtonian Isothermal Screw and Die Characteristic Curves
Extrusion Dies-Isothermal Flow Problems
End-Fed Sheeting Die
Coat Hanger Die
Extrusion Die with Variable Die Land Thicknesses
Pressure Flow of Two Immiscible Fluids with Different Viscosities
Fiber Spinning
Viscoelastic Fiber Spinning Model
Processes that Involve Membrane Stretching
Film Blowing
Thermoforming
Calendering - Isothermal Flow Problems
Newtonian Model of Calendering
Shear Thinning Model of Calendering
Calender Fed with a Finite Sheet Thickness
Coating Processes
Wire Coating Die
Roll Coating
Mixing - Isothermal Flow Problems
Effect of Orientation on Distributive Mixing - Erwin's Ideal Mixer
Predicting the Striation Thickness in a Couette Flow System - Shear Thinning Model
Residence Time Distribution of a Fluid Inside a Tube
Residence Time Distribution Inside the Ideal Mixer
Injection Molding - Isothermal Flow Problems
Balancing the Runner System in Multi-Cavity Injection Molds
Radial Flow Between Two Parallel discs
Non-Isothermal Flows
Non-Isothermal Shear Flow
Non-Isothermal Pressure Flow Through a Slit
Melting and Solidification
Melting with Pressure Flow Melt Removal
Melting with Drag Flow Melt Removal
Melting Zone in a Plasticating Single Screw Extruder
Curing Reactions During Processing
Concluding Remarks
Problems
References
Numerical Techniques
Introduction to Numerical Analysis
Discretization and Error
Interpolation
Polynomial and Lagrange Interpolation
Hermite Interpolations
Cubic Splines
Global and Radial Interpolation
Numerical Integration
Classical Integration Methods
Gaussian Quadratures
Data Fitting
Least Squares Method
The Levenberg-Marquardt Method
Method of Weighted Residuals
Problems
References
Finite Difference Method
Taylor-Series Expansions
Numerical Issues
The Info-Travel Concept
Steady-State Problems
Transient Problems
Higher Order Approximation Techniques
The Radial Flow Method
Flow Analysis Network
Predicting Fiber Orientation - The Folgar-Tucker Model
Concluding Remarks
Problems
References
Finite Element Method
One-Dimensional Problems
One-Dimensional Finite Element Formulation
Numerical Implementation of a One-Dimenional Finite Element Formulation
Matrix Storage Schemes
Transient Problems
Two-Dimensional Problems
Solution of Posisson's equation Using a Constant Strain Triangle
Transient Heat Conduction Problem Using Constant Strain Triangle
Solution of Field Problems Using Isoparametric Quadrilateral Elements
Two Dimensional Penalty Formulation for Creeping Flow Problems
Three-Dimensional Problems
Three-dimensional Elements
Three-Dimensional Transient Heat Conduction Problem With Convection
Three-Dimensional Mixed Formulation for Creeping Flow Problems
Mold Filling Simulations Using the Control Volume Approach
Two-Dimensional Mold Filling Simulation of Non-Planar Parts (2.5D Model)
Full Three-Dimensional Mold Filling Simulation
Viscoelastic Fluid Flow
Problems
References
Boundary Element Method
Scalar Fields
Green's Identities
Green's Function or Fundamental Solution
Integral Formulation of Poisson's Equation
4BEM Numerical Implementation of the 2D Laplace Equation
2D Linear Elements
2D Quadratic Elements
Three-Dimensional Problems
Momentum Equations
Green's Identities for the Momentum Equations
Integral Formulation for the Momentum Equations
BEM Numerical Implementation of the Momentum Balance Equations
Numerical Treatment of the Weakly Singular Integrals
Solids in Suspension
Comments of non-Linear Problems
Other Boundary Element Applications
Problems
References
Radial Functions Method
The Kansa Collocation Method
Applying RFM to Balance Equations in Polymer Processing
Energy Balance
Flow problems
Problems
References
Index

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