Structures for Organizing Knowledge

ISBN-10: 1555706991
ISBN-13: 9781555706999
Edition: 2010
Authors: June Abbas
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Description: LIS professionals use structures for organizing knowledge when they catalog and classify objects in the collection, when they develop databases or when they search online. This book explores and explains this basic function by looking at three  More...

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Book details

Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: Neal-Schuman Publishers, Incorporated
Binding: Paperback
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.946
Language: English

LIS professionals use structures for organizing knowledge when they catalog and classify objects in the collection, when they develop databases or when they search online. This book explores and explains this basic function by looking at three questions.

List of Figures and Tables
Preface
Acknowledgments
Traditional Structures for Organizing Knowledge
Introduction to Structures for Organizing Knowledge
Introduction
Framework for Exploring Organizing Behavior
Scope
Definitions
Structure
Information and Knowledge
Conclusion
Thought Exercises
References
Websites Noted in Text
Historical Perspectives and Development of Structures for Organizing Knowledge
Introduction and Scope of the Chapter
Informal Structures
Formal Structures
Informal and Formal Structures
History of Structures for Organizing Knowledge
Early Taxonomists and Their Contributions
Early Bibliographic Traces
Later Developments in Library and Information Science
Cataloging Codes
Controlled Vocabularies
Classification Schemes
Contributions from Philosophy
Contributions from Natural History
Contributions from Cognitive Science
Classical View of Categories
Prototype Theory
Mental Models
Conclusion
Thought Exercises
References
Websites Noted in Text
Standards and Best Practices
Standards and Standards Development
Standards for Organizing Knowledge
Standards Organizations: National Level
Standards Organizations: Regional and International Levels
Standards Development Process
Standards Developers
Development Process
Information Technology Standards
Technical Standards: Library Bibliographic Systems
Technical Standards: Proprietary Databases
Content Creation Standards
Descriptive Cataloging: Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules
International Standard Bibliographic Description
IFLA International Cataloguing Principles
Resource Description and Access
Subject-Related Content Standards
Controlled Vocabulary Standards
Subject-Related Standards Developed by the Library Community
Subject-Related Standards for the World Wide Web
Metadata Schema Standards
General Purpose
Cultural Objects and Visual Resources
Educational Purposes
Archival and Preservation Metadata
Metadata Registries
Issues Related to Standardization
Best Practices and Knowledge Organization Structures
Conclusion
Thought Exercises
References
Websites Noted in Text
Disciplinary Uses and Applications of Knowledge Structures
Introduction and Scope of the Chapter
Knowledge Structures within Biology
Principle Functions
The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature
The International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria
The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature
Role of Knowledge Structures in the Discipline
Digital Applications and Digital Knowledge Structures
Development of Online Collections
Development of Infrastructure and Standards
Large-Scale Efforts
Knowledge Structures within Library and Information Science
Metadata Structures and Content Creation Standards
Machine-Readable Cataloging
Other Metadata Schemas
Controlled Vocabularies
Syndetic Structure within Controlled Vocabularies
Principles of Controlled Vocabularies
Subject Headings Lists
Thesauri
Classification Schemes
Dewey Decimal Classification Scheme
Library of Congress Classification
Colon Classification Scheme
Knowledge Structures within Social Sciences
Conclusion
Thought Exercises
References
Websites Noted in Text
Personal Structures for Organizing Knowledge
Structures for Organizing Knowledge in Personal and Professional Contexts
Introduction and Scope of the Chapter
Knowledge Structures and Knowledge Spaces within Personal Contexts
Defining Personal Knowledge Spaces
Research Focused on Personal Knowledge Organization
Organization of Personal Knowledge Spaces in the Home Environment
Knowledge Structures and Knowledge Spaces within Professional Contexts
Defining Professional Knowledge Spaces
Research Focused on Professional Knowledge Organization
Research on Paper-Based Knowledge Organization
Research on Digital Knowledge Organization
Taxonomies and Ontologies Developed for Professional Use
Conclusion
Thought Exercises
References
Further Readings
Websites Noted in Text
Socially-Constructed Structures for Organizing Knowledge
Social Knowledge-Organizing Behaviors and Socially-Constructed Structures for Organizing Knowledge: Research and Discussion
Introduction and Scope of the Chapter
Introduction to Social Networking, Bookmarking, and Cataloging Sites
Definitions
History of Social Networking, Bookmarking, and Cataloging Sites
Examples of Social Bookmarking and Social Cataloging Sites
Social Bookmarking Sites: Delicious and Flickr
Social Cataloging Sites: Library Thing
Research Related to Social Knowledge-Organizing Behaviors and Socially-Constructed Knowledge Spaces
Research Related to Exploration of Tags and Social Structures for Organizing Knowledge
Learning More about Site Use and Tagging Activities
Nature of Tags, Tagging, and Folksonomies
Comparing Tags and Folksonomies to Controlled Vocabularies
Conclusion
Thought Exercises
References
Websites Noted in Text
Extending Our Thinking: Creating a Structure for Organizing Knowledge from Various Threads
Introduction and Scope of the Chapter
Review of Traditional, Personal, and Socially-Constructed Threads
Traditional Structures for Organizing Knowledge
Personal Structures for Organizing Knowledge
Socially-Constructed Knowledge Structures
Practical Applications of the Threads
Integration of Tags and Folksonomies within Library OPACs
Integration of Tags and Folksonomies within Controlled
Vocabularies
Refining Folksonomies
The Missing Part of This Conversation!
Thought Exercises
References
Websites Noted in Text
Thinking Ahead: Are We at a Crossroads?
Envisioning Exercise #1
Envisioning Exercise #2
Scenario One
Scenario Two
So Where Does This Leave Us?
References
Index
About the Author

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