Essentials of Terrorism Concepts and Controversies

ISBN-10: 1452256659
ISBN-13: 9781452256658
Edition: 3rd 2014
Authors: C. Gus Martin
List price: $82.00
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Description: Essentials of Terrorism: Concepts and Controversies,á3e is a concise resource for understanding the multifaceted subject of modern terrorism. The book is a foundational text that can be readily used in conjunction with other resources such as  More...

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Book details

List price: $82.00
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2014
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 2/14/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 368
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.628

Essentials of Terrorism: Concepts and Controversies,á3e is a concise resource for understanding the multifaceted subject of modern terrorism. The book is a foundational text that can be readily used in conjunction with other resources such as topical texts, specialized publications, journal articles, and readers. It is designed for university students and professionals, and is directed to academic and professional courses of instruction whose subject areas include terrorism, homeland security, international security, criminal justice administration, political conflict, armed conflict, and social movements.Features and Benefits1. Organized like a traditional textbook, not an author's polemic2. Cases throughout for analysis and critical thinking3. Carefully selected photos illustrate key concepts, terrorists and events4. Comprehensive tables with thorough explanatory material5. Study site with SAGE articles, etc.

About the Author
Preface
Acknowledgments
Understanding Terrorism: A Conceptual Review
Defining Terrorism
Understanding Political Extremism
Defining Extremism
Common Characteristics of Violent Extremists
The World of the Extremist
Formal and Informal Definitions
A Sampling of Formal Definitions
Defining Terrorism in the United States
Types of Terrorism
Understanding Terrorist Objectives
Typical Objectives
Playing to the Audience: Objectives, Victims, and Constituencies
Terrorists or Freedom Fighters?
Perspective 1: Four Quotations
Perspective 2: Participants in a Terrorist Environment
Perspective 3: Terrorism or Freedom Fighting?
The Political Violence Matrix
A Definitional Dilemma: Combatants, Noncombatants, and the Use of Force
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Terrorism on the Web
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Historical Perspectives and Ideological Origins
Historical Perspectives on Terrorism
Antiquity
The Roman Age
The Ancient and Medieval Middle East
The Dark Ages: Prelude to Modern Terrorism
The French Revolution: Prelude to Modern Terrorism
Nineteenth-Century Europe: Two Examples From the Left
The Modern Era
Ideological Origins of Terrorism
The Classical Ideological Continuum: The Case of the French Revolution
An Ideological Analysis: From the Extreme Left to the Extreme Right
Ideology in Practice: From Anarchism to Fascism
September 11, 2001, and the New Era of Terrorism
September 11, 2001
The New Terrorism
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Terrorism on the Web
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Causes of Terrorist Violence
Political Violence as the Fruit of Injustice
Sociological Explanations of Terrorism: Intergroup Conflict and Collective Violence
Psychological Explanations of Terrorism: Rationality and Terrorist Violence
Criminological Explanations of Terrorism: The Path to Political Criminality
Political Violence as Strategic Choice
Making Revolution: Acts of Political Will
Perception and Cultural Disconnect: Adversaries in the War on Terrorism
The Morality of Political Violence
Moral Convictions of Terrorists
Simplified Definitions of Good and Evil
Seeking Utopia
Codes of Self-Sacrifice
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Terrorism on the Web
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Terrorist Violence and the Role of the Media
Understanding the Role of the Media
Mass Communications and the Terrorists' Message
Mass Communications and the New Media
Reporting Terrorism
Mass Communications and the War for Information
Practical Considerations: Using the Media
Information Is Power: The Media as a Weapon
Problems on the New Battleground: The Risk of Backlash
Freedom of the Press and Regulating the Media
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Terrorism on the Web
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Terrorist Environments
Terrorism by the State
Perspectives on Terrorism by Governments
Understanding State-Sponsored Terrorism
State Sponsorship: The Patronage Model
State Sponsorship: The Assistance Model
Domestic Terrorism by the State
Legitimizing State Authority
State Domestic Authority
Unofficial Repression: Vigilante Domestic State Terrorism
Repression as Policy: Official Domestic State Terrorism
Mass Repression: Genocidal Domestic State Terrorism
Terrorism as Foreign Policy
Moral Support: Politically Sympathetic Sponsorship
Technical Support: Logistically Supportive Sponsorship
Selective Participation: Episode-Specific Sponsorship
Active Participation: Joint Operations
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Terrorism on the Web
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Terrorism by Dissidents
Perspectives on Violent Dissent
Revolutionary Dissident Terrorism: A Clear World Vision
Nihilist Dissident Terrorism: Revolution for the Sake of Revolution
Nationalist Dissident Terrorism: The Aspirations of a People
Revolutionaries, Nihilists, and Nationalists: Freedom Fighters?
The Practice of Dissident Terrorism
Concept: Asymmetrical Warfare
Antistate Dissident Terrorism
Intensities of Conflict: Antistate Terrorist Environments
Communal Terrorism
Defeat Is Unthinkable: The Terrorists' Faith in Victory
Terrorist Targets and Weapons
The Symbolism of Targets
Weapons Old and New
Dissidents and the New Terrorism
The New Dissident Terrorist Morality
Terrorist Cells and Lone Wolves: New Models for a New War
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Terrorism on the Web
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Religious Terrorism
Historical Perspectives on Religious Violence
Judeo-Christian Antiquity
Christian Crusades
The Assassins
A Secret Cult of Murder
Modern Arab Islamist Extremism
Cult Case: Mysticism and Rebellion in Uganda
Religious Scapegoating Case: The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion
The Practice of Religious Terrorism
Understanding Jihad as a Primary Religious Motive: An Observation and Caveat
State-Sponsored Religious Terrorism
Dissident Religious Terrorism in the Modern Era
Trends and Projections
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Terrorism on the Web
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
International Terrorism
Understanding International Terrorism
The Spillover Effect
Unambiguous International Implications
Reasons for International Terrorism
International Terrorist Networks
International Terrorist Environments
The International Dimension of the New Terrorism
Movement Case: The Afghan Arabs at War
Organization Case: Al Qaeda and International Terrorism
Wartime Case: Terrorist Violence in Iraq
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Terrorism on the Web
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Domestic Terrorism in the United States
Left-Wing Extremism in the United States
The Rise of Black Power
Growth of the New Left
Left-Wing Terrorism in the United States
Generational Rebellion: New Left Terrorism
Civil Strife: Ethno-Nationalist Terrorism on the Left
The Revolution Continues: Leftist Hard Cores
Single-Issue Violence on the Left
Right-Wing Extremism in the United States
Rise of the Antigovernment Patriots
Racial Supremacy: An Old Problem With New Beginnings
Racial Mysticism
Race and the Bible: The Christian Identity Creation Myth
Right-Wing Terrorism in the United States
Homegrown Racism: The Legacy of the Ku Klux Klan
Racial Mysticism: Neo-Nazi Terrorism
Patriot Threats
Case in Point: Moralist Terrorism
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Terrorism on the Web
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
The Terrorist Battleground
Counterterrorism and the War on Terrorism
The Use of Force
Maximum Use of Force: Suppression Campaigns
War in the Shadows, Part 1: Coercive Covert Operations
Surgical Use of Force: Special Operations Forces
Operations Other Than War
War in the Shadows, Part 2: Nonviolent Covert Operations
Knowing the Enemy: Intelligence
Hardening the Target: Enhanced Security
Long-Term Coercion: Economic Sanctions
Operations Other Than War: Conciliatory Options
Responding to Grievances: Social Reform
Giving Them What They Want: Concessionary Options
Legalistic Responses
Law Enforcement and Counterterrorism
Domestic Laws and Counterterrorism
International Law: Legalistic Responses by the World Community
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Terrorism on the Web
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Homeland Security
Homeland Security in Perspective
The Threat from Homegrown Jihadists
Crisis and Homeland Security
Homeland Security in the United States
Counterterrorist Laws
Homeland Security Agencies
Law Enforcement and Bureaucracy: The Federal Context
The U.S. Intelligence Community: Mission and Challenges
Civil Liberties and Securing the Homeland
Security and Liberty
Balancing Civil Liberties and Homeland Security
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Terrorism on the Web
Web Exercise
Recommended Readings
Future Trends and Projections
What Does the Future Hold?
Whither the Old Terrorism?
New Threats
Terrorist Environments in the 21st Century
The World in Conflict: Future Sources of Terrorism
High-Tech Terrorism
The Future of International Terrorism in the United States
The Future of the Violent Left in the United States
The Future of the Violent Right in the United States
Revisiting the War on Terrorism
Government Responses
Societal Responses
Countering Extremism
New Fronts in a New War
Continued Utility of Force
Countering Terrorist Financial Operations
Counterterrorist Surveillance Technologies
The Case for International Cooperation
Chapter Summary
Key Terms and Concepts
Terrorism on the Web
Recommended Readings
Map References: Appendices B-F are Included on the open-Access Student Study Site: www.sagepub.com/martiness3e
(Online): National Intelligence Estimate: The Terrorist Threat to the Us Homeland
(Online): 2011 Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community

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