Drugs and Drug Policy The Control of Consciousness Alteration

ISBN-10: 1452242399
ISBN-13: 9781452242392
Edition: 2nd 2014
List price: $108.00 Buy it from $66.10
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Description: Drugs and Drug Policy, Second Edition provides a cross-national perspective on the use and regulation of both legal and illegal drugs. This engaging text examines and critiques drug policies in the United States and abroad in terms of their scope,  More...

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Book details

List price: $108.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2014
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 8/22/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 688
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.530
Language: English

Drugs and Drug Policy, Second Edition provides a cross-national perspective on the use and regulation of both legal and illegal drugs. This engaging text examines and critiques drug policies in the United States and abroad in terms of their scope, goals, and effectiveness. Authors Clayton J. Mosher, Scott Akins, and Taj Mahon-Haft also discuss the physiological, psychological, and behavioral effects of legal and illicit drugs; the patterns and correlates of use; and theories of the causes of drug use.

Timothy C. Hart received his Ph.D. in Criminology from the University of South Florida and is currently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at University of Nevada-Las Vegas. His areas of interest include survey research, applied statistics, geographic information systems, and victimization. Prior to joining the faculty at UNLV, he worked as a statistician for the Bureau of Justice Statistics, and as a Program Analyst for the Drug Enforcement Administration. He is also founder and co-editor of Crime Mapping: A Journal of Research and Practice.Clayton Mosher received his Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Toronto, and is currently a Professor and Associate Chair in the Department of Sociology at Washington State University Vancouver. He is the author of several books and articles in the areas of inequality in criminal justice system processing, drugs and drug policies, and the impact of prison construction on employment. Besides co-authoring the Second Edition of Drugs and Drug Policy , he co-authored the Second Edition of The Mismeasure of Crime (SAGE, 2012) with Terance Miethe and Timothy Hart.

Scott Akins received his Ph.D. in sociology at Washington State University in 2002 and is currently Associate Professor of Sociology at Oregon State University. His research interests include drug use and policy; immigration, drug use and crime; and the intersection of disadvantage, ethnicity, and crime. His recent work has been published in Justice Quarterly and the Journal of Drug Issues.

Preface
Acknowledgments
Drug Controversies and Demonization
Demonizing (Illegal) Drugs: The Social Construction of Drug "Epidemics"
Glue Sniffing
Marijuana
The Portrayal of Marijuana: 1800s to 1960
The Portrayal of Marijuana: 1960s to 1980s
The Portrayal of Marijuana: 1980 and Beyond
Crack Cocaine
Heroin
Ecstasy (MDMA)
Methamphetamine
Drug "Epidemics" of the 2000s and 2010s
Salvia Divinorum
Spice/K2
Bath Salts
Prescription Drugs (Synthetic Opiates)
Conclusion
Review Questions
Internet Exercises
Theories of Drug Use
Nature Theories
Genetic/Biological Theories
Disease Theory?
Psychological Theories
Sociological Theories
Differential Association, Social Learning, and Subcultural Learning Theories
Subcultural Learning Theories
Social Control/Bonding Theory
Lifecourse/Age-Graded Theory
Anomie/Strain Theories
Social Conflict Theory
Conclusion
Review Questions
Internet Exercises
Web Resources
The Effects of Drugs: Part I
U.S. Legal Drug Schedules
Stimulants
Caffeine
"Energy" Drinks
Tobacco
Cocaine
Amphetamines
Bath Salts
Ritalin, Adderall, and Other ADD Prescription Drugs
Ecstasy
Depressants
Alcohol
Barbiturates
Benzodiazepines
GHB
Inhalants
Opiates
Morphine
Heroin
Codeine
Oxycodone
Nonopiate Analgesics
Review Questions
Internet Exercises
The Effects of Drugs: Part II
Hallucinogens/Psychedelics
LSD
Psilocybin
Peyote and Mescaline
Salvia
DMT and Bufotenine
PCP and Ketamine
Marijuana
Spice/Synthetic Marijuana
Antidepressant Drugs
Aphrodisiacs/Erectile Dysfunction Drugs
Steroids and Other Performance-Enhancing Drugs
Conclusion
Review Questions
Internet Exercise
Patterns of Illegal Drug Use
Self-Report Surveys
Monitoring the Future
Other Surveys on Adolescent Drug Use
The National Survey on Drug Use and Health
International Data on Adult Drug Use
World Drug Report
Data on Substance Use by Adult Offenders-ADAM and I-ADAM
Drug Abuse Warning Network Statistics
Correlates of Illegal Drug Use
Age
Gender/Sex
Race/Ethnicity
Social Class
Rural/Urban Location
Conclusion
Review Questions
Internet Exercise
Patterns of Legal Drug Use
Age
Use of Drugs by the Elderly
Gender/Sex
Race/Ethnicity
African Americans
Hispanics
American Indians/Native Americans
Asians and Pacific Islanders
Social Class
Geography and Rural/Urban Location
Conclusion
Review Questions
Internet Exercises
Drug Prevention Programs
Drug Education Programs
D.A.R.E.
Alternative Drug Education Programs
Antidrug Advertising Campaigns
Zero-Tolerance Policies
Drug Testing Policies
Schools
Drug Testing of Workers
Conclusion
Review Questions
Internet Exercises
Drug Treatment
Pharmacological Treatment Approaches
Drug Agonists
Drug Antagonists
Residential Drug Treatment Programs
Therapeutic Communities
Compulsory Treatment Programs
Alcoholics Anonymous
The 12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous
Outpatient Drug Treatment
Conclusion
Review Questions
Internet Exercises
Policies Regulating Legal Drugs, Part I: Alcohol and Tobacco
Tobacco
A Brief History of Tobacco Regulation
Bans on Smoking in Public Places
Restrictions on Advertising and Marketing of Tobacco Products
Taxes on Tobacco Products
The 1998 Tobacco Settlement and Antismoking Programs
International Tobacco Legislation
The Future of Tobacco Regulation
Alcohol
Temperance Movements and Prohibition in American History
Alcohol Regulation in the Current Era
Minimum Legal Drinking Age
Regulating Drinking on College Campuses
Drunk Driving Laws
Conclusion
Review Questions
Internet Exercise
Policies Regulating Legal Drugs, Part II: Prescription and Performance-Enhancing Drugs and Herbal Supplements
Regulation of Pharmaceutical Products
Early Legislation
FDA Approval of Pharmaceutical Products
Regulating the Sale and Advertising of Prescription Drugs
Restricting the Sale of Canadian Pharmaceutical Products
Advertising Pharmaceutical Products
The Criminal Practices of Pharmaceutical Companies
The Political Economy of the Pharmaceutical Business
The Future of Prescription Drug Regulation?
The Regulation of Performance-Enhancing Drugs
The Rationale for Regulation
National Collegiate Athletic Association
International Olympic Committee
Professional Sports
Federal Government Regulation of Herbal and Dietary Supplements
Conclusion
Review Questions
Internet and Media Exercises
Policies Regulating Illegal Drugs
Trends in Arrests and Incarceration
Racial and Class-Based Inequality in the Application of Drug Laws
"Crack Babies"
"C.R.A.C.K."
Mandatory Minimum Sentences
"School Zone" Policies
Public Housing Evictions
Denial of Welfare
Denial of Student Aid
Asset Forfeiture
Ecstasy and the RAVE Act
Methamphetamine Legislation
Marijuana Laws
Hemp
Medical Marijuana
The Recent War on Medical Marijuana
Marijuana Legalization Measures
Signs of Change? Recent Changes in State Drug Laws and Developments at the Federal Level
Conclusion
Review Questions
Internet Exercises
Drug Policies in Other Countries and U.S. Influence International Treaties
Countries With Severe Drug Policies
Russia
Asian and Middle Eastern Countries
Drug Policies in Western Countries
Australia
Sweden
Germany
Portugal
Spain
The Netherlands
Britain
Canada
American Influence and Intervention in Drug-Producing Countries
Certification Policies
Mexico and Other Central American Countries
Afghanistan
Conclusion
Review Questions
Internet Exercise
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
About the Authors

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