Managing Nonprofit Organizations in a Policy World

ISBN-10: 1452240051

ISBN-13: 9781452240053

Edition: 2014 (Revised)

List price: $80.00
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If nonprofits influence policy, make policy, are affected by policy, and are subject to policy, then shouldnÆt every nonprofit manager fully understand the policy world in which they operate? In explicitly tying the policy realm to management skills, Vaughan and ArsneaultÆs foundational book sheds new light on how nonprofit managers can better navigate policymaking and regulatory contexts to effectively lead their organizations. Vaughan and Arsneault provide a comprehensive overview of the nonprofit sector and the policy environment, with a focus on skills and strategies managers can use to advance the causes of their organizations. Abundant examples and rich case studies explore the complexity of the policy-nonprofit relationship and highlight both management challenges and successes. While coverage of the nuts-and-bolts is in here, what sets this book apart is tying everyday management to the broader view of how nonprofits can thrive within the policy ecosystem.
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Book details

List price: $80.00
Copyright year: 2014
Publisher: CQ Press
Publication date: 1/8/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 432
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.386
Language: English

About the Authors
Fundamentals and Environment of the Voluntary Sector
What Is the Nonprofit Sector?
Nonprofits and Public Problems
What Is a Nonprofit?
Public Charities
Other 501(c) Nonprofits
Classification of Nonprofits
Scope and Function of the Nonprofit Sector
Growth of the Nonprofit Sector
Economic Impact of Nonprofits
Philanthropy and Policy Solutions
Public Problems and the Policy Process
Stages of the Policy Process
Our Approach
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Federalism and the Relationships between the Public, Nonprofit, and For-Profit Sectors
The U.S. Federal System and Its Relationship with Nonprofit Organizations
Nonprofit Federalism
The Three Sectors
Characteristics of the Three Sectors
Intersectorality and Welfare Policy
Faith-Based Organizations
Not-for-Profit Organizations as Government Contractors
Intersectoral Competition
Intersectoral Collaboration
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Theories of the Nonprofit Sector and Policy Change
Theories of the Nonprofit Sector
Demand-Side Theories: Nonprofits Form to Respond to Unmet Needs
Supply-Side Approach: Personal Interests and Resources Drive the Development of Nonprofits
Demand and Supply: Instrumental vs. Expressive Rationales
Nonprofits and Public Policy: Functional and Legislative Theories of Federalism
Theories of Policy Change
Punctuated-Equilibrium Theory: Explaining Non-Incremental Policy Change
Multiple Streams Theory: Coupling Problems, Policies, and Politics for Change
Stages of the Process as Venues for Policy Change
Policy Change in the States
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Regulating Not-for-Profit Organizations
Regulatory Policy Increasingly Affects Nonprofits
Nonprofits Subject to Federal Government Regulation
Rules and Regulations of the Internal Revenue Service
Lobbying: IRS and Supreme Court Action Regarding Nonprofits' Political Activity
Congressional Oversight and Legislation Directly Affect Nonprofit Action
State Regulation: Offices of the Secretary of State and Attorney General
Board Members and the Duty of Care
Donor-Imposed Restrictions on Gifts
Regulation of Charitable Solicitations by the States
Indirect Regulation: Courts and Contracts
Government Grants and Contract Compliance
Regulation through the Courts
Self-Regulation in the Voluntary Sector
Watchdog Groups as Sector Regulators
Using Accreditation to Enforce Standards and Best Practices
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Strategies of Not-For-Profit Organizations
The Role of Mission and Strategic Management
The Mission: Critical for Nonprofit Success
Organizational Values and the Role of Stakeholders
The Role of Leadership in Planning and Meeting Needs
Managing the Mission
The Nonprofit Mission and Change
The Importance of the Mission Statement
Organizational Vision
Strategic Planning and Management
Organizational Goals
Organizational Accounting
Systematic Planning
Measuring and Evaluating Outcomes
Learning from Evaluation
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Lobbying and Advocacy: Politics, Policy, and Possibilities
Articulating the Nonprofit Voice within Governmental Constraints
Nonprofit Advocacy Can Shape the Policy Environment
The Importance of Advocacy in Pursuit of Mission
What Is "Lobbying?"
Myths about Nonprofits and Lobbying
Lobbying Allowable under the Law
Limits on Lobbying: The "Substantial Part Test" and 501(h)
Other Options: 501(c)(4) Affiliation and Professional Lobbyists
Public Policy Advocacy and Foundations
Shaping Policy, Strengthening Community
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Ethics and Accountability
Developing Organizational Commitment to Ethics and Accountability
Defining Ethics
Transparency Combats Corruption, Inhibits Compromise, and Affects Policy
The Importance of Accountability
Fostering a Strong Ethical Culture
System of Accountability: Influences on Nonprofit Behavior
External Constraints on Nonprofits
Internal Measures Exercised by Nonprofits
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Marketing the Nonprofit Organization
Marketing Basics
General Marketing Principles and Techniques
Marketing in a Nonprofit Environment
The Importance of a Marketing Plan
Identifying the Nonprofit's Target Audience
Differentiating the Nonprofit through Positioning
Developing the Nonprofit's Brand Identity
Corporate Social Responsibility as a Source of Nonprofit Support
Nonprofit Fundraising Events and Corporate Sponsorship
Benefits and Risks of Product Endorsements and Licensing Agreements
Cause-Related Marketing
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Resource Development: Capacity, Campaigns, and Commercial Ventures
Fiscal Health and Capacity
Nonprofit Sustainability
Resource Dependence and Revenue Diversification
Sources of Revenue and Their Relation to Mission
Earned Income as a Stable Source of Revenue
Commercial Ventures: Bake Sales to Thrift Shops
Social Enterprises: Market Principles for Social Aims
The Role of Corporate Giving and Sponsorship
Why Corporations Give
The Influence of Corporate Philanthropy
Individual Contributions and Fundraising
Using Electronic Media to Solicit Contributions
The Gift of Giving
Special Events Fundraising
Endowments Promote Long-Term Viability
Legal Restrictions on Endowments
The Policy Implications of Charitable Giving
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Resource Development: Grants
The Role of Grants in the Nonprofit Sector
Types of Grants
Project or Program Grants
Operating Grants
Seed Money
Challenge/Matching Grants
Government Grants and Fee-for-Service Contracts
Distribution of Government Grants
Public Goods and Services via Government Contracts
Foundation Funding
Types of Foundations
Preparing a Grant Proposal
Getting Started
Budget and Project Narratives
Submitting the Proposal
Public Policy Consequences of Grants and Contracts
Government Funding of Policy Priorities
Foundation Funding to Influence Policy
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Management Issues
Administration and Management
Managing Nonprofit Organizations
Organizational Structures and Behavior
Systems Theory and the Impact of Internal and External Pressures
Differing Management Needs across Sectors
Good Management in the Nonprofit Sector
Nonprofit Effectiveness and Efficiency
Organizational Reforms and the Quest for Improvement
Capacity Building and Successful Nonprofits
Organizational Reform Efforts and Management Challenges Unique to Nonprofits
Financial Management and Budgeting
Financial Issues Unique to Nonprofit Organizations
Investment Strategies
Nonprofit Budgeting: Roles and Responsibilities
Nonprofit Budgeting: Types of Budgets and Financial Statements
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Nonprofit Governance and Leadership
The Shared Responsibility of Nonprofit Governance and Leadership
Governance and Achieving the Mission of Nonprofit Organizations
Theories of Organizational Leadership
Boards and Executives as Leaders
The Relationship between Boards and Executives
Transfers in Executive Leadership
The Difference That Leadership Makes
Boards of Directors
Theories of Nonprofit Board Behavior
The Legal Environment of Nonprofit Boards
What We Know about Nonprofit Boards
Roles and Responsibilities of Board Members
Board Structure and Development
Best Practices for Boards
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Managing Human Resources: Volunteers and Staff
Management of Nonprofit Human Resources
Strategic Human Resource Management
Recruitment and Assessment
Motivating Nonprofit Employees
The Growth of Professionalism in Nonprofit Organizations
Volunteers and the Coproduction of Work
Volunteer Management
Who Volunteers?
Volunteer Recruitment
Volunteer Retention
Personnel Conflict and Dispute Resolution
Employment Law and Nonprofit Organizations
Questions for Review
Suggested Readings
Web Resources
Evaluating Success
Nonprofit Evaluation: Measuring Outcomes to Ensure Accountability
Why Do We Evaluate?
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