Juvenile Delinquency

ISBN-10: 1442219440
ISBN-13: 9781442219441
Edition: 2nd (Revised)
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Book details

List price: $42.95
Edition: 2nd
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/8/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 414
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.584
Language: English

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Definition of Juvenile Delinquency
Brief History of "Delinquency"
Juvenile Delinquency Law in Illinois
Plan of This Book
Study Questions
References
The History of Juvenile Justice in America
Nineteenth-Century Reform Efforts and Practices
Long-Term Juvenile Institutions
Late Nineteenth-Century Developments
The First Delinquency Law and the Establishment of the Juvenile Court
Early Twentieth-Century Developments
Summary
Study Questions
References
The Measurement of Delinquency
Arrest Data
Arrest Patterns
Gender
Race
Age
National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)
Juvenile Court Data
Self-Report Data
Reliability and Validity Issues or Concerns
Conclusions of Self-Report Studies
Cohort Studies
Victimization Studies
A Note on Hate Crimes
Other Methods
Summary
Study Questions
References
The Classical School, Rational Choice, and Individualistic Explanations of Delinquency
The Classical School
Rational Choice Theory and Delinquency
Lombroso and the Positive School
Early Biological Explanations of Delinquency
Inheritance and Delinquency
Somatotypes and Delinquency
Contemporary Biological Explanations of Delinquency
Inheritance and Delinquency-Newer Studies
Somatotype Studies Continued
Learning Disabilities
Conditionability (ANS) and Delinquency
Psychological Explanations of Delinquency
The Psychoanalytic View
Intelligence and Delinquency
Personality Factors
The Psychopathic Personality
Summary
Study Questions
References
Social Development and Delinquency
Kohlberg's Moral Development Model
Social Development Model
Pathways to Delinquency
Moffitt's Research
A General Theory of Crime-Another View of Persistent Criminality
Sampson and Laub and Turning Points in Criminal Careers
Summary
Study Questions
References
Social Process Theories
Differential Association Theory
Discussion of the Theory
A Note on Exposure to Media Violence and Delinquency
Drift Theory
Control Theories
Internal Controls
Social Control Theory-The Social Bond
Institutional Connections and Delinquency
Religion and Delinquency
A Note on General Strain Theory
Summary
Study Questions
References
The Family and Delinquency
"Broken Homes" and Delinquency
Family Relationships and Delinquency
The "Inheritance" of Delinquency
Corporal Punishment and Delinquency
Child Abuse and Delinquency
Summary
Study Questions
References
Schools and Delinquency
The School as a Source of Motivation for Delinquency
School Dropout and Delinquency
School Safety
Effects of School Shootings and Prevention Efforts
Delinquency Prevention through Early Childhood Education
Legal Rights of Students at School
Summary
Study Questions
References
Drug Use among Youth
Extent and Patterns of Juvenile Drug Use
Correlates of Drug Use
Geographical
Social
Explanations of Juvenile Drug Use
Macro Explanations
Social-Psychological Factors
Personality Factors
Drug Use and Delinquency
Treatment and Prevention of Drug Use among Juveniles
Drug Courts
Preventing Drug Use among Youth
D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education)
Summary
Study Questions
References
Juvenile Gangs
Studies of Youth Gangs
Thrasher's Study of Gangs in Chicago
Whyte's Study of Gangs in Boston
Yablonsky's Study of Violent Gangs in New York City
Surveys of Gangs: The 1970s to the Present
Miller's National Survey of Gangs in the 1970s
Klein's National Survey of Gangs in the 1990s
National Youth Gang Surveys
Summary of Gang Studies
MS-13-A "New" Gang Problem?
Gang Identification
Representing
Graffiti and Hand Gestures
Another Look at Female Gangs
Why Do Youths Join Gangs?
Structural Factors
Psychological and Personal Reasons for Joining a Gang
Why Do Gang Members Leave the Gang?
Attempts to Prevent or Control Gangs
Gang Suppression
Community-Based Prevention Programs
School-Based Gang Prevention
Comprehensive Gang-Prevention Efforts
Summary
Study Questions
References
Female Delinquency
Who Are Female Delinquents?
Girls and Status Offenses
Girls, Delinquency, and Theory
Biological Explanations
Social Role Theory
Liberation Theory
Power Control Theory
Feminist Perspectives
Additional Considerations
Summary
Study Questions
References
Labeling and Conflict Theories
Key Concepts of Labeling Theory
Discussion of the Theory
Labeling and Self-Concept
Labeling and Behavior
Connections with Juvenile Justice
Conflict Theories
Summary
Study Questions
References
The Contemporary Juvenile Justice System
An Overview of the Modern Juvenile Justice System
The Processing of Cases through the System
Transferring Cases from Juvenile Court Jurisdiction to Adult Court Jurisdiction
Legal Guidelines for Waiver Decisions
Consequences of Transfers
Blended Sentences
Other Considerations
Diversion
Restorative Justice
Summary
Study Questions
References
Police and Courts
The Police
The Role of the Police in Juvenile Justice
Processing Cases
The Court System
Decision-Making Factors
The Police
Racial and Ethnic Profiling
Situational or Interpersonal Factors
Organizational Factors
The Courts
Other Considerations
Summary
Supreme Court Cases Affecting the Flights of Juveniles Processed by the Police and Courts
Diversion
Youth Courts
Summary
Study Questions
References
Juvenile Institutions and the Treatment and Prevention of Delinquency
Juvenile Correctional Institutions
Detention Centers or Homes
Correctional Facilities
Characteristics of Long-Term Institutions
Structural Organization
Effectiveness of Correctional Institutions
Treatment and Prevention Programs
Treatment Programs within Institutions
Delinquency Prevention Programs
A Note on Treatment and Prevention Program Evaluation
Summary
Study Questions
References
Index
About the Author

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