Investigating Chemistry Introductory Chemistry from a Forensic Science Perspective

ISBN-10: 1429255226

ISBN-13: 9781429255226

Edition: 3rd 2012

Authors: Matthew Johll
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Description: Fingerprinting revolutionized the field of forensic science because it is a method of absolute identification connecting a person to an object. A person guilty of a crime could no longer deny his or her presence at a crime scene without weaving a web of lies. Understanding how fingerprint evidence is collected and preserved requires a knowledge of the chemicals present in a fingerprint. The chemical composition of a fingerprint can vary from one individual to another and may contain various inorganic ions, organic acids, lipids, and water. Book jacket.

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Book details

List price: $195.99
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: W. H. Freeman & Company
Publication date: 1/20/2012
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 512
Size: 8.00" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.926
Language: English

Preface
Introduction to Forensic Chemistry
Case Study: Planted Evidence
Welcome
Chemistry, Crime, and the Global Society
Physical Evidence: Matter and Its Forms
The PeriodicTable
Evidence Analysis: Thin-Layer Chromatography
Learning the Language of Chemistry
The Most Important Skill of a Forensic Scientist; Observation
Critical Thinking and the Crime Scene: The Scientific Method
Cass Study Finale: Planted Evidence
Evidence Collection and Preservation
Case Study: Grave Evidence
Preserving Evidence: Reactions, Properties, and Changes
Physical Evidence Collection: Mass, Weight, and Units
Mathematics of Unit Conversions
Errors and Estimates in Laboratory Measurements: Significant Figures
Mathematics of Significant Figure Calculations
Experimental Results: Accuracy and Precision
How to Analyze Evidence: Density Measurements
Mathematics of Density Measurements
How to Analyze Glass and Soil: Using Physical Properties
Case Study Finale: Grave Evidence
Atomic Clues
Case Study: The Isotope Itinerary
Origins of the Atomic Theory: Ancient Greek Philosophers
Foundations of a Modern Atomic Theory
Dalton's Atomic Theory
Atomic Structure: Subatomic Particles
Nature's Detectives: Isotopes
Atomic Mass: Isotopic Abundance and the Periodic Table
Mathematics of Isotopic Abundance and Atomic Mass
Atomic Structure: Electrons and Emission Spectra
Mathematics of Light
Atomic Structure: Electron Orbitals
Electron Configurations
Evidence Analysis: Scanning Electron Microscopy
Case Study Finale: The Isotope Itinerary
Chemical Evidence
Case Study: Mind Games
Chemical Nature of Evidence: Regions of the Periodic Table
Types of Compounds: Covalent Compounds
Types of Compounds: Ionic Compounds
Common Names and Diatomic Elements
Basics of Chemical Reactions
Balancing Chemical Equations
Mathematics of Chemical Reactions: Mole Calculations
Mathematics of Chemical Reactions: Stoichiometry Calculations
Types of Reactions
Mathematics of Chemical Reactions: Limiting Reactants and Theoretical Yields
Evidence Analysis: Spectrophotometry
Case Study Finale: Mind Games
Chemistry of Banding: Structure and Function of Drug Molecules
Case Study: No Motive, No Opportunity
Nature of Covalent Bonds
Lewis Structures of Ionic Compounds
Lewis Structures of Covalent Compounds
Resonance Structures
VSEPR Theory
Polarity of Bonds and Molecules
Molecular Geometry of Drugs
Drug Receptors and Brain Chemistry
Evidence Analysis: Immunoassay Methods
Case Study Finale: No Motive, No Opportunity
Properties of Solutions I: Aqueous Solutions
Case Study: An Aqueous Apocalypse
Aqueous Solutions
Solution Properties
Net Ionic Reactions
Solubility
Mathematics of Solutions: Concentration Calculations
Acid Chemistry
Base Chemistry
Neutralization Reactions
The pH Scale and Buffers
Mathematics of Solutions: Calculating pH
Case Study Finale: An Aqueous Apocalypse
Properties of Solutions II: Intermolecular Farces and Colligative Properties
Case Study: Something for the Pain
Intermolecular Forces and Surface Tension
Types of Intermolecular Forces
Mixed Intermolecular Forces
The Process of Dissolution
Rate of Dissolving Soluble Compounds
Colligative Properties: Boiling Point of Solutions
Mathematics of Boiling Point Elevation
Colligative Properties: Freezing Point of Solutions
Mathematics of Freezing Point Depression
Colligative Properties: Osmosis
Mathematics of Osmotic Pressure
Evidence Analysis: HPLC
Case Study Finale: Something for the Pain
Drug Chemistry
Case Study: Administering Murder
Introduction to Organic Chemistry
Alkanes
Alkenes and Alkynes
Branched Isomers
Cyclic Compounds
Ethers, Ketones, and Esters
Amines
Alcohols, Aldehydes, and Carboxylic Acids
How to Extract Organic Compounds: Solubility and Acid-Base Properties
Evidence Analysis: Infrared Spectroscopy
Case Study Finale: Administering Murder
Chemistry of Fire and Heat
Case Study: "False and Unreliable"
The Chemistry of Fire
Combustion Reactions
Redox Reactions
Thermochemistry of Fire
Heat Capacity and Phase Changes
Mathematics of Heat Capacity
The First Law of Thermodynamics and Calorimetry
Mathematics of Calorimetry
Petroleum Refinement
Evidence Analysis: Gas Chromatography
Case Study Finale: "False and Unreliable"
Chemistry of Explosions
Case Study: Tracing Explosives
Explosives 101
Redox Chemistry of Explosives
Kinetic-Molecular Theory of Gases
Gas Laws
Mathematics of the Gas Laws
The Combined and Ideal Gas Laws
Mathematics of the Combined and Ideal Gas Laws
Mathematics of Advanced Ideal Gas Law Problems
Detection of Explosives: Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
Evidence Analysis: Mass Spectroscopy
Case Study Finale: Tracing Explosives
Applications of Chemical Kinetics
Case Study: The Casey Anthony Trial
Introduction to Chemical Kinetics
Collision Theory
Kinetics and Temperature
Kinetics and Catalysts
Zero-Order Reactions
First-Order Reactions
Half-Life
Case Study Finale: The Casey Anthony Trial
Nuclear Chemistry: Energy, Medicine, Weapons, and Terrorism
Case Study: Elimination by Irradiation
The Discovery of Natural Radioactivity
Radiation Types and Hazards
Balancing Nuclear Equations
Half-Lives and Risk Assessment
Medical Applications of Nuclear Isotopes
Forensic Application of Carbon-14
Nuclear Power Plants
Military Uses of Nuclear Isotopes
Nuclear Transmutations
Nuclear Terrorism
Evidence Analysis: Neutron Activation Analysis
Case Study Finale: Elimination by Irradiation
Chemical Equilibrium and Poisons
Case Study: A Mother-in-Law's Justice
Introduction to Poisons
Chemical Equilibrium and Poisons
Dynamic Equilibrium
Values of the Equilibrium Constant
Le Chatelier's Principle
Solubility Equilibrium
Mathematics of Equilibrium
Case Study Finale: A Mother-in-Law's Justice
Introduction to Biochemistry and DNA Analysis
Case Study: Remembering 9-11
Lipids: Fats, Waxes, and Oils
Carbohydrates
Proteins
DNA Basics
DNA Analysis
Mitochondrial DNA
Case Study Finale: Remembering 9-11
Appendix A
Appendix B
Answers to Odd-Numbered Questions and Problems
Combined Glossary/Index
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