Introduction to Rocket Science and Engineering

ISBN-10: 1420075284
ISBN-13: 9781420075281
Edition: 2009
Authors: Travis S. Taylor
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Description: This textbook offers an introduction to the field of rocketry from first principles to and understanding of the topic that generates excitement and invigorates students to become the next generation of rocket scientists. It presents a carefully  More...

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Book details

Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: CRC Press LLC
Publication date: 2/24/2009
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 310
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.418
Language: English

This textbook offers an introduction to the field of rocketry from first principles to and understanding of the topic that generates excitement and invigorates students to become the next generation of rocket scientists. It presents a carefully developed approach to rockets and basic science concepts that provides students with a background for space propulsion applications. Instructors using this text can start form page 1 and work through the book with students to achieve an understanding of real world applications of the basic principles of rocketry, as well as how they were derived. Pedagogical tools include numerous worked-out examples, chapter problems, and an instructors manual with solutions and teaching suggestions.

Travisnbsp;S. Taylor -"Doc" to his friends-has earned his soubriquet the hard way: He has a doctorate in optical science and engineering, a master's degree in physics, a master's degree in aerospace engineering, all from the University of Alabama in Huntsville; a master's degree in astronomy, and a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from Auburn University. Dr. Taylor has worked on various programs for the Department of Defense andnbsp;NASA for the past sixteen years. He's currently working on several advanced propulsion concepts, very large telescopes, space-based beamed martial artist, a private pilot, a SCUBA diver, has raced mountain bikes, competed in triathlons, and has been the lead singer and rhythm guitarist of several hard rock bands. He currently lives with his wife Karen, and their daughter in Harvest, Alabama..

About the Author
Preface
What Are Rockets?
The History of Rockets
400 BCE
100 to 0 BCE
0 to 100 AD
850 AD
904 AD
1132 to 1279 AD
1300 to 1600 AD
1600 to 1800 AD
1800 to 1900 AD
1900 to 1930 AD
A Perspective
1930 to 1957 AD
1957 to 1961 AD
1961 to Present
X Prize
Other Space Agencies
Rockets of the Modern Era
ESA and CNES
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO-India)
Iranian Space Agency (ISA-Iran)
Israeli Space Agency
Japan Aerospace exploration Agency (JAXA-Japan)
China National Space Administration (CNSA- People's Republic of China)
Russian Federal Space Agency (FSA, also known as RKA in Russian-Russia/Ukraine)
United States of America: NASA and the U.S. Air Force
Other Systems Are on the Way
The NASA Constellation Program
Rocket Anatomy and Nomenclature
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Why Are Rockets Needed?
Missions and Payloads
Missions
Payloads
Trajectories
Example 2.1: Hobby Rocket
Fundamental Equations for Trajectory Analysis
Missing the Earth
Example 2.2: The Dong Feng 31 ICBM
Orbits
Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation
Example 2.3: Acceleration Due to Gravity on a Telecommunications Satellite
A Circular Orbit
The Circle Is a Special Case of an Ellipse
The Ellipse Is Actually a Conic Section
Kepler's Laws
Newton's Vis Viva Equation
Orbit Changes and Maneuvers
In-Plane Orbit Changes
Example 2.4: The Hohmann Transfer Orbit
The Bielliptical Transfer
Plane Changes
Interplanetary Trajectories
The Gravitational Assist
Ballistic Missile Trajectories
Ballistic Missile Trajectories Are Conic Sections
Chapter Summary
Exercises
How Do Rockets Work?
Thrust
Specific Impulse
Example 3.1: Isp of the Space Shuttle Main Engines
Weight Flow Rate
Tsiolkovsky's Rocket Equation
Staging
Example 3.2: The Two-Stage Rocket
Rocket Dynamics, Guidance, and Control
Aerodynamic Forces
Example 3.3: Drag Force on the Space Shuttle
Rocket Stability and the Restoring Force
Rocket Attitude Control Systems
8 Degrees of Freedom
Chapter Summary
Exercises
How Do Rocket Engines Work?
The Basic Rocket Engine
Thermodynamic Expansion and the Rocket Nozzle
Isentropic Flow
Exit Velocity
Rocket Engine Area Ratio and Lengths
Nozzle Area Expansion Ratio
Nozzle Design
The Properly Designed Nozzle
Expansion Chamber Dimensions
Rocket Engine Design Example
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Are All Rockets the Same?
Solid Rocket Engines
Basic Solid Motor Components
Solid Propellant Composition
Solid Propellant Grain Configurations
Burn Rate
Example 5.1: Burn Rate of the Space Shuttle SRBs
Liquid Propellant Rocket Engines
Cavitation
Pogo
Cooling the Engine
A Real World Perspective: The SSME Ignition Sequence
Hybrid Rocket Engines
Electric Rocket Engines
Electrostatic Engines
Example 5.2: The Deep Space Probe's NSTAR Ion Engine
Electrothermal Engines
Electromagnetic Engines
Example 5.3: The Pulsed Plasma Thruster (PPT) Engine
Solar Electric Propulsion
Nuclear Electric Propulsion
Nuclear Rocket Engines
Solid Core
Liquid Core
Gas Core
Solar Rocket Engines
Example 5.4: The Solar Thermal Collector
Example 5.5: The STR Exit Velocity, Isp, and Thrust
Photon-Based Engines
Chapter Summary
Exercises
How Do We Test Rockets?
The Systems Engineering Process and Rocket Development
Systems Engineering Models
Technology, Integrated, and Systems Readiness
Measuring Thrust
Deflection-Type Thrustometers
Hydraulic Load Cells
Strain Gauge Load Cells
Pressure Vessel Tests
Shake 'n Bake Tests
Drop and Landing Tests
Environment Tests
Destructive Tests
Modeling and Simulation
Roll-Out Test
Flight Tests
Logistics
Flight Testing Is Complicated
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Are We Thinking Like Rocket Scientists and Engineers?
Weather Cocking
Fuel Sloshing
Propellant Vorticity
Tornadoes and Overpasses
Flying Foam Debris
Monocoque
The Space Mission Analysis and Design Process
Back to the Moon
Chapter Summary
Exercises
Suggested Reading for Rocket Scientists and Engineers
Index

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