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Labor Relations in the Public Sector

ISBN-10: 1420063146
ISBN-13: 9781420063141
Edition: 4th 2008 (Revised)
List price: $96.95
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Description: Continuing the success of its predecessor, the fourth edition of Labor Relations in the Public Sectormaintains the practical organization of the previous edition but features additional case studies and material. New chapters cover the state of  More...

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Book details

List price: $96.95
Edition: 4th
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: CRC Press LLC
Publication date: 11/21/2008
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 408
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.50" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.540
Language: English

Continuing the success of its predecessor, the fourth edition of Labor Relations in the Public Sectormaintains the practical organization of the previous edition but features additional case studies and material. New chapters cover the state of unions and the process and politics of public sector collective bargaining. Comparing the public and the private sectors, this book examines the latest repercussions of restructuring the business procedures of public and private organizations. Interest-based negotiation techniques can be applied to the bargaining process as well as to contract administration. The text also discusses the recent influences of the reinventing government movement.

List of Case Studies
Preface
History and Background
Introduction
Early American Unionism
Factors Contributing to Private Sector Union Decline
Structural Elements
Unfavorable Legal and Policy Environment
Management Opposition
Strategic Factors
Unions in Government - The Early Years
Why Government Employees Did (and Did Not) Unionize
The Growth of Unions in Government
The Growth of Government
The Private Sector Experience
Changes in the Legal Environment
An Era of Social Change and Turmoil
Why Government Workers Join Unions - The Individual Perspective
Future Prospects
The Unions Today
Introduction
The Federal Government
Nonprofit Organizations
State and Local Government
The Determinants of State and Local Unionization
Employee Organizations in State and Local Government
General-Purpose Unions
Functionally Specific Organizations
Prospects for Future Growth
The Legal Environment of Public Sector Labor Relations
Introduction
The Right to Form and Join Unions
Labor Relations in Federal Employment: The Legal Basis
The Executive Orders
The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978
Recent Exceptions from CSRA Coverage
The FLRA
The Legal Basis of Labor Relations in State and Local Government
Federal Legislation for State and Local Government
State and Local Government Policies
States without Collective Bargaining Policies
States with Noncomprehensive Policies
States with Comprehensive Collective Bargaining
Employee Rights
Employer Rights
Administrative Agency
Unit Determination
Recognition Procedures
Scope of Bargaining
Impasse Resolution Procedures
Union Security
Unfair Labor Practices
The Initiative and Referendum
Labor Relations in Nonprofit Organizations
Summary and Conclusions
Fundamentals of the Bargaining Process
Introduction
Public-Private Sector Differences
The Environment
Financial Setting and Incentives
The Nature of Work
The Role of Politics
The Parties
The Process
Electing a Union and Getting a Contract: The Elements of Collective Bargaining
Bargaining Unit Determination
Community of Interest
Bargaining History
The Extent of Prior Union Organization
Efficiency of Agency Operations
Fragmentation of Bargaining Units
Exclusion of Supervisory and Confidential Employees
The Representation Election or Show of Majority Support
Certification of the Bargaining Representative
Negotiating the Contract
Summary and Conclusions
The Process and Politics of Public Sector Collective Bargaining
Introduction
Internal Process and Politics
Identifying Proposals
Preparation for Bargaining
The Duty to Bargain
The Script
Concession Bargaining
External Politics
Lobbying
Electoral Activities
Public Opinion
Restrictions on Public Employee Political Activity
From Traditional to Interest-Based Bargaining
Traditional Negotiations
Interest-Based Bargaining (IBB)
Bargaining in the Future
Summary and Conclusions
Financial Impacts of Unions and Collective Bargaining
Introduction
Budget Making and Unions
The Budgetary Process
Budgetary Outcomes
Unions, Wages, and Benefits
Socioeconomic Factors
Political Factors
Politics and Decision Rules in the Compensation Decision Process
Monetary Impacts of Unions: Approaching the Research Question
Are Public Sector Workers Paid More than Private Sector Workers?
Comparing the Relative Effects of Unions in the Public and Private Sectors
The Effects of Public Employee Unions on Compensation: Methodological Problems
The Effects of Public Employee Unions on Compensation: A Review of the Findings
Salary and Wages
Benefits
Evaluating the Union Effect on Wages and Benefits
Responding to Public Sector Compensation Cost Increases
Productivity Bargaining (Gainsharing)
Monetary Impacts of Federal Employee Unions
Federal Wage System
Classified Civil Service
Collective Bargaining System
Conclusion
Union Impacts: Personnel Processes and Policies
Introduction
Merit Systems
The Interface between Collective Bargaining and the Merit System
Accommodating Collective Bargaining and the Merit System
Unions and Threats to the Merit Principle
Union Security
Seniority
Affirmative Action and Diversity
New Public Management
Specific Impacts of Unions on Personnel
Functions and Policies
Management Rights (Scope of Bargaining)
State and Local Government
Management Structure
Personnel Processes
Recruitment, Testing, and Selection
Promotions
Training and Development
Position Classification and Staffing
Work Load and Scheduling
Grievances
Employee Discipline
Dismissals and Layoffs
Reductions in Force
Other Human Resource Management Policies
Conclusion
Strike!
Introduction
A Strike by Any Other Name
Public Sector Strike Activity
The Right to Strike in Public Employment
The Sovereignty Argument
Distortion of the Political Process
Lack of Market Constraints
Essential Services
Legislation Pertaining to Strikes
Public Policy and the Incidence of Strikes
Why Public Employees Strike
Macro-Level Factors
Micro-Level Factors
Demographic and Attitudinal Factors
Bargaining Power and Disagreement Costs
Faulty Negotiations
Strike Tactics
The Union
Management
Contingency Planning for the Strike
The Injunction
Strike Penalties
Conclusions and a Look Ahead
Resolving Impasses: Alternatives to the Strike
Introduction
The Private Sector Experience
Impasse Resolution in Federal Employment
State and Local Government Impasse Procedures
Mediation
Traits of an Effective Mediator
Advantages and Disadvantages of Mediation as a Technique for Resolving Impasses
Fact Finding
The Fact-Finding Process
Advantages and Disadvantages of Fact Finding
Arbitration
The Arbitration Process
Advantages and Disadvantages of Arbitration
Final Offer Arbitration
Other Impasse Resolution Procedures
Med-Arb
Arb-Med
Labor-Management Committees
Referenda - Letting the Taxpayers Decide
The Unfair Labor Practice
The Search for Flexibility
Uncertainty: Benefit or Bane?
Conclusion: The Benefits of Impasse Procedures
Living with the Contract
Introduction
The Collective Bargaining Agreement
Contents of the Agreement
Disseminating the Agreement
Administering the Agreement
Grievance Procedures
Causes of Grievances
The Grievance Process
Representation of the Grievant
The Steward
Union Duty of Fair Representation
Grievance Arbitration
Arbitrability
Court Review of Arbitrators' Decisions
Selection of the Arbitrator
Problems in Grievance Arbitration
Standards for Arbitrator Decision Making
Past Practice
Prior Bargaining Record
Previous Arbitration Awards
Other Considerations
Grievance Procedures in Federal Employment
New Directions in Grievance Handling
Expedited Arbitration
Alternative Dispute Resolution
Grievance Mediation
Conclusion
Public Employee Unions in the Future
Introduction
The Decline of Private Sector Unions
Challenges for Public Employee Unions
The Continuing Fiscal Squeeze
Structural Challenges
Public Policy Challenges
Strategic Challenges
Opportunities
Labor-Management Cooperation and Participative Decision Making
Advantages of Cooperation
Conditions Necessary for Successful Labor-Management Cooperation
The Future of Labor-Management Cooperation
Public Employee Unions in the 2000s: Conclusion
References
Index

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