Instrumentation and Process Control

ISBN-10: 1418041718
ISBN-13: 9781418041717
Edition: 2007
Authors: Terry Bartelt
List price: $145.95 Buy it from $59.24
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Description: This book provides comprehensive coverage of components, circuits, instruments, and control techniques used in today?s process control technology field. It is ideal for students and technicians who will be installing, troubleshooting, repairing,  More...

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Book details

List price: $145.95
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning
Publication date: 11/28/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 304
Size: 8.75" wide x 11.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.342
Language: English

This book provides comprehensive coverage of components, circuits, instruments, and control techniques used in today?s process control technology field. It is ideal for students and technicians who will be installing, troubleshooting, repairing, tuning, and calibrating these devices in a process control facility. Following an overview of an industrial control loop, readers may delve into individual sections to explore each element of the loop in detail. This unique approach results in a logical format that guarantees comprehensive coverage of process control.

Preface
Industrial Control Overview
Introduction to Industrial Control Systems
Introduction
Industrial Control Classifications
Motion and Process Controls
Open- and Closed-Loop Systems
Elements of Open- and Closed-Loop Systems
Feedback Control
Practical Feedback Application
Dynamic Response of a Closed-Loop System
Feed-Forward Control
Problems
Interfacing Devices
Introduction
Fundamental Operational Amplifiers
Operational Amplifier Comparator
Inverting Op Amp
Summing Amplifier
Noninverting Amplifier
Difference Operational Amplifier
Signal Processors
Integrator Operational Amplifier
Differentiator Operational Amplifier
Wave-Shaping Schmitt Trigger
Comparator Devices
Digital Magnitude Comparator
Optoelectronic Interface Devices
Photodiodes
Phototransistors
Photo SCR
Photo Triac
Optoelectronic Packaging
Digital-to-Analog Converters
Integrated-Circuit Digital-to-Analog Converter
Analog-to-Digital Converters
Integrated-Circuit Analog-to-Digital Converter
Timing Devices
555 Astable Multivibrator
555 Monostable Multivibrator
Problems
The Controller
The Controller Operation
Introduction
Control Modes
On-Off Control
Proportional Control
Controller Amplification
Steady-State Error
Proportional-Integral Control
Proportional-Integral-Derivative Control
Time-Proportioning Control
Time-Proportioning Circuit
Problems
Process Control and Instrumentation
Pressure Systems
Introduction
Pressure Laws
Properties of a Liquid
Height
Weight
Temperature
Atmospheric Pressure
Mechanical Machines
Properties of a Gas
Temperature of the Gas
Volume of the Gas Container
Gas Removal from a Container
Pressure Measurement Scales
Gauge Pressure Scale
Absolute Pressure Scale
Differential Pressure Scale
Vacuum Pressure Scale
Pressure Measurement Instruments
Nonelectrical Pressure Sensors
Liquid Column Gauges
Mechanical Gauges
Electronic Pressure Sensors
Semiconductor Strain Gauges
Transverse Voltage Strain Gauge
Variable Capacitor Pressure Detector
Pressure Control Systems
Hydraulic Systems
Pneumatic Systems
Vacuum Systems
Static Pressure Systems
Steam Pressure Systems
Problems
Temperature Control
Introduction
Fundamentals of Temperature
Thermal Control Systems
Thermodynamic Transfer
Thermal Energy Source
Industrial Furnaces
Cooling Systems
Temperature Measurements
Temperature Scales
Differential Temperature
Temperature Indicating Devices
Crayons
Paints
Pellets
Labels
Liquid Crystal Indicator
Liquid Filled Thermometers
Electronic Sensors
Thermistor
Resistance Temperature Detectors
Thermocouple
Probe Assemblies
Radiation Thermometry
Problems
Flow Control
Introduction
Systems Concepts
Reasons for Control
Flow Units of Measurement
Volumetric Flow Rate
Flow Velocity
Mass Flow Rate
Solid Flow Measurement
Fluid Flow Measurement
Pipe Flow Principles
Fluid Flowmeter Classification
Electronic Sensors
Coriolis Meters
Rotor Flow Detectors
Electromagnetic Flow Detectors
Thermal Flowmeters
Vortex Flowmeters
Ultrasonic Flowmeters
Time-of-Flight Flowmeter
Flowmeter Placement
Selecting a Flowmeter
Problems
Level Control Systems
Introduction
A Level Control System
Power Sources
Transfer Systems
Methods of Measurement
Point Level Measurements
Continuous Level Measurements
Level Measurement Methods
Float and Displacement Methods
Electronic Sensors
Conductive Probes
Capacitive Probes
Ultrasonic Sensors
Selecting a Level Sensor
Problems
Analytical Instrumentation
Introduction
pH Measurement and Control
pH Measurements
Controlling pH
Conductivity
Conductivity Electrode Probe
Conductivity Inductive Probe
Conductivity Applications and Control
Combustion Analyzers and Control
Combustible Gases
Hydrocarbon Gases
Controlling Combustion
Humidity
Quantitative Measures of Humidity
Absolute Humidity Sensor
Relative Humidity Detectors
Dew Point Measurements
Controlling Humidity
Sampling Measurement System
Problems
Industrial Process Techniques and Instrumentation
Introduction
Batch Processes
Control Requirements
Types of Batch Processes
Chemical Reaction
Continuous Processes
Control Requirements
Instrumentation
Measurement Devices (Sensors)
Dynamic
Static
Feedback Loop Interface Instruments
Transmitters
Transducers
Controllers
Pneumatic Controllers
Panel-Mounted Controllers
Personal Computers
Programmable Logic Controllers
Distributed Control Systems (DCS)
Monitoring Instruments
Indicators
Alarms
Recorders
Manipulation Devices (The Final Control Element)
The Control Valve
DC and AC Motors
Problems
Instrumentation Symbology
Introduction
General Instrument Symbols
Individual Instruments
Tag Numbers
Line Symbols
Valve and Actuator Symbols
Control Valves
Actuators
Reading a Single Loop
Information Block
Problems
Process Control Methods
Introduction
Open-Loop Control
Closed-Loop Control
Process Behavior
Single-Variable Control Loop
Response Time of the Instruments
Pure Lag of the Controlled Variable
Dead Time
Selecting a Controller
On-Off Control
Case Studies-Using Different Control Modes
Continuous Control
Proportional Mode
Integral Mode
Derivative Mode
Advanced Control Techniques
Cascade Control
Feed-Forward Control
Ratio Control
Adaptive Control
Problems
Instrument Calibration and Controller Tuning
Introduction
Instrument Calibration
Reasons for Performing Calibrations
Calibration Preparation
Standard Calibration Procedure
Five-Point Calibration Procedure
Calibration Check
Calculating the Input Values
Calculating the Output Values
Analysis of Calibration Data
Transmitter Zero and Span Adjustments
Verification of Adjustments
Tuning the Controller
Trial-and-Error Tuning Method
Ziegler-Nichols Tuning Methods
Ziegler-Nichols Continuous Cycling Method
Ziegler-Nichols Reaction Curve Tuning Method
Controller Autotuning
Problems
Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems
Glossary
Index

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