Criminal Justice Ethics Theory and Practice

ISBN-10: 1412995450
ISBN-13: 9781412995450
Edition: 3rd 2013
Authors: Cyndi Banks
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Description: In the Third Edition of Criminal Justice Ethics, author Cyndi Banks once again examines the criminal justice system through an ethical lens identifying ethical issues in practice and in theory, exploring ethical dilemmas, and proposing means through  More...

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Book details

List price: $91.00
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2013
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 3/12/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 384
Size: 6.75" wide x 9.75" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.694
Language: English

In the Third Edition of Criminal Justice Ethics, author Cyndi Banks once again examines the criminal justice system through an ethical lens identifying ethical issues in practice and in theory, exploring ethical dilemmas, and proposing means through which criminal justice professionals might resolve ethical issues and dilemmas. The text adopts a critical perspective in the sense that the constituent parts of the criminal justice system are scrutinized within a framework where questions are raised about moral and ethical conduct and standards. Readers are drawn into a unique discussion of ethical issues by exploring moral dilemmas faced by professionals in the criminal justice system first, then presented with an examination of the major theoretical foundations of ethics. This distinct organization allows readers to understand real life ethical issues before grappling with philosophical approaches to the resolution of those issues.

Cyndi Banks is currently serving as Associate Vice-Provost/Associate Dean of University College and a Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Northern Arizona University. She teaches courses on a range of subjects with a special focus on criminal justice ethics, juvenile justice, gender and crime, as well as comparative criminology. As well as being an accomplished academic, Dr. Banks in an expert consultant for overseas development projects in the justice sector and, in that capacity, as worked in Papua New Guinea, Bangladesh, Iraq and, most recently, as a juvenile justice specialist with UNICEF in Sudan. In additional to this text, she is the author of four other books and has a new book in press concerned with the experience of institutionalization for juveniles in an institution in Alaska.

About the Author
Preface
The Interaction Between Ethics and The Criminal Justice System
The Importance of Ethics in Criminal Justice
The Meaning of Ethics
The Value of Ethics
Police Brutality in New Orleans
Police Brutality During Katrina
Normative Ethics
Ethical Relativism
Death Row Inmate Set Free
Cultural Relativism
Ethical Absolutism
Ethical Pluralism
Religion and Ethical Standards
Conduct Is Right Because God Commands It
God Commands Right Conduct Because It Is Right
Ethics and Natural Law
Ethics and Law
Ethical Dilemmas
Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice
Ethical Problems in the Use of Authority
Ethical Problems in the Relationship Between Personal and Professional Interests
Ethical Problems in Personal and Professional Commitments to Clients
Ethical Issues in Criminal Justice and Public Policy
Ethical Issues Resulting From Policing Policies
Ethical Problems in Information Sharing
Ethical Problems Dealing With Human Rights Issues in the Criminal Justice System
Ethical Issues in the Media Reporting of Crime
Summary
Discussion Case
Discussion Questions
Ethics and the Police
Ethics and Policing
The Nature of Policing
Police as an Institution
Police Culture
Police Discretion
Ethics and Codes of Ethics
Police Use of Force
Cop Gets 15 Years in Torture Case
Blowing the Whistle on Police Violence
Dirty Harry/Dirty Hands
Police Officer Shown Hitting Man With Baton on Video
Police Corruption
Conditions Contributing to Police Corruption
Combating Corruption
Whistle-Blowing
Punished for Whistle-Blowing?
Discrimination as Corruption
"Looking Mexican"
Racial Profiling: When Color Signals Dangerousness
Ethical Issues in Investigation, Interrogation, and Custody
Rights of Suspects
Privacy
Entrapment
Deception
Lying
Explanations for Police Corruption
Summary
Discussion Questions
Web Resources
Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System
Ethical Background
Historical Context
Is There Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System?
Police Encounters With Citizens and Police Arrest
Bail
Jury Selection
In Dallas, Dismissal of Buck Jurors Leads to Appeal by Death Row Inmate
Conviction and Sentencing
Imprisonment Disparities
Death Penalty Disparities
Hate Crimes
Explanations for Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System
How Do We Explain the Existence of Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System?
Summary
Discussion Questions
Web Resources
Lawyers and Ethics
Legal Ethics: Historical Context
The Nature of Professional Ethics
The Principle of Partisanship
The Principle of Neutrality
The Lawyer- Client Relationship
Confidentiality
Client Perjury
Client Crime
Buried Bodies Case
Defense Lawyers
The Prosecutor
The Duty to Ensure Justice Is Done
Prosecutor Misconduct
Discretion to Bring Charges
Prosecution Disclosure of Evidence to the Defense
Plea Bargaining
Prosecutorial Misconduct
Wrongful Conviction Payment
Convict's DNA Sways Labs, Not a Determined Prosecutor
Prosecutor Withholds Evidence
Release After 14 Years
Judicial Ethics
Ethical Rules Governing Judges
Prosecutor Says Tape Shows Brooklyn Judge Took a Bribe
Judge Receives 28-Year Sentence for Taking Bribes
Judicial Misfeasance
Federal Judges and Financial Interest Conflicts
Appearance of Partiality
Judicial Bribery
Gross Abuse of Power
Texas Judge Reprimanded
Summary
Discussion Questions
The Purpose of Criminal Punishment
What Is Punishment?
Theoretical Approaches to Punishment
Why Punish? The Philosophical Approach
The Nature of the Punishment: Corporal Punishment
Deterrence
Retribution
Just Deserts
Reconciling Utilitarian and Retributive Theories
Rehabilitation
Incapacitation
Restorative Justice
Why Punish? The Sociological Approach
Summary
Discussion Questions
Ethics in Corrections
The Prison Explosion
Maximum Security
Women's Incarceration
Medium Security
Minimum Security
Stateville Prison: The Changing State of Corrections
Guarding Ethically
Male Prison Rape and "Deliberate Indifference"
The Experience of Guarding
Corruption of Authority
Power and Authority in Prison: Controlling the Inmates
The Battle for Compliance
Evaluating Guards
Rewards and Punishments
Enforcing Rule Violations
Informal Controls
Guarding With Discretion
The Gray Wall of Silence: Prison Guard Subculture
Subculture and Socialization
Guard Types
Use of Force
Sex Offenders and Use of Force
The Court's View of Correctional Officer Use of Force
Correctional Policy on the Use of Force
Prisoner "Power"
Unethical Situations
Rape in Prison
Rape in Prison
Transgender Experiences of Prison Rape
Guard Forces Transgender Inmate to Have Sex With Him
Transgender Prisoners
Corruption
Jail Guards Charged With Smuggling
Fixing a Drink in Prison
Ex-S.C. Correctional Officer Sentenced
Whistle-Blowing in Corrections 178 Ethical Considerations in Probation and Parole
Arming Probation Officers
Treatment or Control?
Parole
Summary
Discussion Questions
Web Resources
The Ethics of Criminal Justice Policy Making
The Ethics of Policy Making
An Example of Unethical Policy Making?
Morality Policy
Public Opinion About Punishment
Mandatory Minimum Sentencing
The War on Drugs
Truth in Sentencing
Predators and Superpredators
Sexual Predators
Superpredators
Capital Punishment
Public Opinion on Capital Punishment
Private Prisons
Private Prisons-A Good Policy Choice?
Disenfranchising Inmates of Their Voting Rights
Summary
Discussion Questions
Web Resources
Ethics and the "War on Terrorism"
Defining Terrorism
Warfare or Crime Control?
What Are the Morally Justifiable Constraints and Restrictions That a Government Should Be Permitted to Impose on Its Citizens in a War on Terrorism?
What Moral Restrictions Apply to the Conduct of Counter-terrorist Operations?
Is Torture Morally Permissible as a Counterterrorist Strategy?
The Morality of Targeted Killing
Summary
Discussion Questions
Media Ethics and Criminal Justice
Reporting the Truth
Avoiding Bias
Avoiding Harm
Serving the Public
Maintaining Trust
Manipulation
Summary
The Application of Ethical Theories to the Criminal Justice System
Duty and Principle
Hypothetical and Categorical Imperatives
The Principle of Universality
Respect for All Persons
Kingdom of Ends
Conflicting Duties
Applying Deontological Theory
Rough Justice in a Juvenile Institution
Summary
Discussion Case
Discussion Questions
Considering the Consequences
Pleasure and Happiness
Act Consequentialism
Rule Consequentialism
Public Policy and Utilitarianism
Arguments Criticizing Utilitarianism
Applying Utilitarian Theory
Good Friends Are Hard to Find
Summary
Discussion Case
Discussion Questions
The Importance of Character
Virtues
Aristotle and Happiness
The Golden Mean
Practical Wisdom
What's Wrong With Virtue
Applying Virtue Theory
Profiling in the Neighborhood
Summary
Discussion Case
Discussion Questions
Egoism, Pleasure, and Indifference
Stoicism
Hedonism
Ethical Egoism
Psychological Egoism
Ethical Egoism
Applying the Theory of Ethical Egoism
Giving Your Own Punishment
Summary
Discussion Questions
A Sense of Justice
Application of the Principles
Justice as Fairness
Moral Development
Applying Rawlsian Theory
Summary
Discussion Questions
Caring for Others
Kohlberg and Gilligan
A Theory of Moral Development
"In a Different Voice": Carol Gilligan
Gender and the Ethic of Care
An Ethic of Care
Developing the Ethic of Care
The Ethic of Care and Justice
Peacemaking
Applying the Ethic of Care
Tough Love
Summary
Discussion Case
Discussion Questions
References
Index

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