Practice of Research in Social Work

ISBN-10: 1412968917
ISBN-13: 9781412968911
Edition: 2nd 2009
List price: $104.00
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Description: Like the first edition of The Practice of Research in Social Work, this Second Edition introduces research methods as an integrated set of techniques for investigating social work research and practice problems. This Second Edition continues to  More...

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Book details

List price: $104.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2009
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/1/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 608
Size: 7.25" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.2
Language: English

Like the first edition of The Practice of Research in Social Work, this Second Edition introduces research methods as an integrated set of techniques for investigating social work research and practice problems. This Second Edition continues to offer the most contemporary treatments of the latest developments in social work research approaches. Interesting and contemporary social work examples are used, with each chapter focusing on a particular substantive research question. Students gain new insights into important substantive issues as they learn about the strong and weak points of actual research projects.

Rafael J. Engel (PhD, University of Wisconsin; MSW, University of Michigan; BA, University of Pennsylvania) is associate professor at the University of Pittsburgh. He coordinates the graduate certificate program in aging and is the principal investigator for the Hartford Partnership Program for Aging Education. Dr. Engel has written Practice of Social Work Research (with Russell Schutt) and Measuring Race and Ethnicity (with Larry E. Davis). He is a member of the editorial board of Race and Social Problems. As an active member of the research community, he has authored journal articles on such topics as poverty in later life, welfare benefits, and depressive symptomatology, and has written a variety of monographs reporting agency-based evaluations. His funded research includes studies on gambling, faith-based organizations, and employment in later life as well as funded evaluation research studies on welfare-to-work programs and drug and alcohol prevention programs. His most recent research involves older adults and gambling prevention.

Russell K. Schutt (PhD, MA, BA, University of Illinois at Chicago; postdoctoral fellow in the Sociology of Social Control Training Program at Yale University) is professor and chair of sociology at the University of Massachusetts Boston and lecturer on sociology in the Department of Psychiatry at the Harvard Medical School. In addition to Investigating the Social World: The Process and Practice of Research, now in its Eighth Edition , and its co-authored adaptations for the disciplines of social work, criminal justice, psychology, and education, his books include Homelessness, Housing, and Mental Illness, Social Neuroscience: Brain, Mind, and Society (co-edited), and Organization in a Changing Environment . His scholarship focuses on the bidirectional relationship between individuals and their social environment, its consequences for organizational change, cognitive functioning, and individual behavior, and its predictors in individual orientations and community contexts. His related articles have been published in journals ranging from the American Journal of Sociology, Social Problems, Law and Society Review, and the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation to the Journal of Community Health, Journal of Community Psychology, Schizophrenia Bulletin, Women and Health, Evaluation & Program Planning, and the Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare . His major research projects have been funded by the Veterans Health Administration, the National Cancer Institute, the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, the National Institute of Mental Health, the John E. Fetzer Institute, and state and local sources. In addition to research methods and statistics, he teaches the sociology of complex organizations and the sociology of law.

Science, Society, And Social Work Research
Reasoning about the Social World
Everyday Errors in Reasoning
Overgeneralization
Selective or Inaccurate Observation
Illogical Reasoning
Resistance to Change
Adherence to Authority
The Social Scientific Approach
Social Work and the Social World
Social Work Research and Evidence-Based Practice
Striving for Validity
Measurement Validity
Generalizability
Causal Validity
Social Work in Research in a Diverse Society
Social Work Research in Practice
Descriptive Research
Exploratory Research
Explanatory Research
Evaluation Research
Quantitative and Qualitative Methods
Strengths and Limitations of Social Work Research
Conclusion
The Process And Problems Of Social Work Research
Social Work Research Questions
Identifying Social Work Research Questions
Refining Social Research Questions
Evaluating Social Research Questions
Implications of Social Diversity and Formulating a Question
Foundations of Social Work Research
Finding Information
Reviewing Research
Implications for Evidence-Based Practice
Social Work Research Strategies
The Role of Social Theory
The Deductive/Inductive Cycle
Descriptive Research
Social Work Research Philosophies
Scientific Guidelines for Social Work Research
Social Work Research and Ethical Guidelines
Honesty and Openness
The Uses of Science
Research on People
Conclusion
Conceptualization And Measurement
Concepts
Conceptualization in Practice
From Concepts to Observations
Operationalization
Scales and Indexes
Treatment as a Variable
Gathering Data
Combining Measurement Operations
Measurement in Qualitative Research
Levels of Measurement
Nominal Level of Measurement
Ordinal Level of Measurement
Interval Level of Measurement
Ratio Level of Measurement
The Case of Dichotomies
Types of Comparisons
Measurement Error
Evaluating Measures
Reliability
Measurement Validity
Screening and Cut-off Scores
Ways to Improve Reliability and Validity of Existing Measures
Measurement in a Diverse Society
Implications for Evidence-Based Practice
Conclusion
Sampling
Sample Planning
Define Sample Components and the Population
Evaluate Generalizability
Assess the Homogeneity of the Population
Recruitment Strategies with Diverse Populations
Sampling Methods
Probability Sampling
Probability Sampling Methods
Nonprobability Sampling Methods
Sampling Distributions
Estimating Sampling Error
Determining Sampling Size
Implications for Evidence-Based Practice
Conclusion
Causation And Research Design
Causal Explanation
Nomothetic Causal Explanation
Idiographic Causal Explanation
Research Designs and Criteria for Causal Explanations
Association
Time Order
Nonspuriousness
Mechanism
Context
Units of Analysis and Errors in Causal Reasoning
Individual and Group Units of Analysis
The Ecological Fallacy and Reductionism
Implications for Evidence-Based Practice
Conclusion
Group Experimental Designs
Threats to Validity
Internal (Causal) Validity
Generalizability
True Experiments
Experimental and Comparison Groups
Randomization
Pretest and Posttest Measures
Types of True Experimental Designs
Difficulties in True Experiments in Agency-Based Research
The Limits of True Experimental Designs
Quasi-Experiments
Nonequivalent Control Group Designs
Time Series Designs
Ex Post Facto Control Group Designs
Common Group Designs for Program Evaluation and Research
Types of Nonexperimental Designs
Implications for Evidence-Based Practice
Diversity, Group Design, and Evidence-Based Practice
Ethical Issues in Experimental Research
Deception
Selective Distribution of Benefits
Conclusion
Single-Subject Design
Foundations of Single-Subject Design
Repeated Measurement
Baseline Phase
Treatment Phase
Graphing
Measuring Targets of Intervention
Analyzing Single-Subject Designs
Visual Analysis
Interpreting Visual Analysis
Problems of Interpretation
Types of Single-Subject Designs
Basic Design: A-B
Withdrawal Designs
Multiple Baseline Designs
Multiple Treatment Designs
Designs for Monitoring Subjects
Implications for Evidence-Based Practice
Single-Subject Design in a Diverse Society
Ethical Issues in Single-Subject Design
Conclusion
Survey Research
Survey Research in Social Work
Attractions of Survey Research
The Omnibus Survey
Errors in Survey Research
Constructing Questions
Writing Clear Questions
Close-ended Questions and Response Categories
Sensitive Questions
Single or Multiple Questions
Designing Questionnaires
Build on Existing Instruments
Refine and Test Questions
Add Interpretive Questions
Maintain Consistent Focus
Order the Questions
Consider Matrix Questions
Make the Questionnaire Attractive
Organizing Surveys
Mailed Self-Administered Surveys
Group-Administered Surveys
Telephone Surveys
In-Person Interviews
Electronic Surveys
Mixed-Mode Surveys
A Comparison of Survey Designs
Secondary Data Surveys
Survey Research Designs in a Diverse Society
Translating Instruments
Interviewer-Respondent Characteristics
Implications for Evidence-Based Practice
Ethical Issues in Survey Research
Conclusion
Qualitative Methods: Observing, Participating, Listening
Fundamentals of Qualitative Methods
Case Study: Making Gray Gold
Participant Observation
Choosing a Role
Entering the Field
Developing and Maintaining Relationships
Sampling People and Events
Taking Notes
Managing the Personal Dimensions
Systematic Observation
Intensive Interviewing
Establishing and Maintaining a Partnership
Asking Questions and Recording Answers
Focus Groups
Photovoice
Qualitative Research in a Diverse Society
Implications for Evidence-Based Practice
Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research
Conclusion
Qualitative Data Analysis
Features of Qualitative Data Analysis
Qualitative Data Analysis as an Art
Techniques of Qualitative Data Analysis
Documentation
Conceptualization, Coding, and Categorizing
Examining Relationships and Displaying Data
Authenticating Conclusions
Reflexivity
Alternatives in Qualitative Data Analysis
Ethnography
Qualitative Comparative Analysis
Narrative Analysis
Grounded Theory
Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis
Content Analysis
Ethics in Qualitative Data Analysis
Conclusion
Evaluation Research
Evaluation Basics
Describing the Program: The Logic Model
Questions for Evaluation Research
Need Assessment
Process Evaluation
Outcome Evaluation
Efficiency Analysis
Design Alternatives
Black Box or Program Theory
Researcher or Stakeholder Orientation
Quantitative or Qualitative Methods
Simple or Complex Outcomes
Implications for Evidence-Based Practice
C2-SPECTR
Evaluation Research in a Diverse Society
Ethics in Evaluation
Conclusion
Quantitative Data Analysis
Introducing Statistics
Preparing Data for Analysis
Identification Numbers
Reviewing the Forms
Coding Open-ended Questions
Creating a Codebook
Data Entry
Data Cleaning
Displaying Univariate Distributions
Graphs
Frequency Distributions
Summarizing Univariate Distributions
Measures of Central Tendency
Measures of Variation
Analyzing Data Ethically: How Not to Lie with Statistics
Crosstabulating Variables
Graphing Association
Describing Association
Evaluating Association
Introduction to Inferential Statistics
Choosing a Statistical Test
Analyzing Data Ethically: How Not to Lie About Relationships
Conclusion
Reporting Research
Social Work Research Proposals
Case Study: Treating Substance Abuse
Comparing Research Designs
Meta-Analyses: A Tool for Evidence-Based Practice
Case Study: Is Social Work Practice Effective
Reporting Research
Writing Research
Peer-Review Journal Articles
Applied Research Reports
Social Work Research in a Diverse Society
Ethics, Politics, and Research Reports
Conclusion
Summaries of Frequently Cited Research Articles
Questions to Ask About a Research Article
How to Read a Research Article
Finding Information
Table of Random Numbers
Annotated List of Web Sites

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