Child Maltreatment An Introduction

ISBN-10: 1412926688
ISBN-13: 9781412926683
Edition: 2nd 2007 (Revised)
List price: $72.00
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Description: This introduction to current knowledge about violence against children deals with sexual, physical and emotional child abuse, neglect and the effects of witnessing abuse. The focus is on abuse perpetrated by family members and non-family intimates.

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Book details

List price: $72.00
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/7/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 496
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.112
Language: English

This introduction to current knowledge about violence against children deals with sexual, physical and emotional child abuse, neglect and the effects of witnessing abuse. The focus is on abuse perpetrated by family members and non-family intimates.

Robin Perrin received his doctorate in sociology from Washington State University in 1989. Following his doctoral studies he was an Assistant Professor of Sociology at Seattle Pacific University in Seattle, Washington. Currently he is Professor of Sociology at Pepperdine University in Malibu, California. Perrin's research interests and publications are in the areas ofnbsp;family violence,nbsp;deviance theory, the social construction of social problems, and thenbsp;sociology of religion. He is the coauthor of three books; Social Deviance: Being, Behaving, and Branding (with David Ward and Tim Carter, Allyn and Bacon, 1991), Child Maltreatment: An Introduction (with Cindy Miller-Perrin, Sage, 1999), and Family Violence Across the Lifespan (with Ola Barnett and Cindy Miller-Perrin, Sage, 1997, 2005). He is also the author or coauthor of numerous articles on a variety of topics including the Satanism scare, the growth of conservative churches, the relationship between religious commitment and honesty, and religion as deviant behavior. Perrin teaches Introduction to Sociology, Introductory Statistics, Deviant Behavior and Social Control, and Sociology of Religion and is the recipient of the 2004 Howard A. White Award for Teaching Excellence.

Cindy L. Miller-Perrin is currently Professor of Psychology and Blanche E. Seaver Professor of Social Science at Pepperdine University in Malibu, California. She is also a clinical child psychologist and has worked with developmentally delayed, maltreated, and other troubled children and their families. She has coauthored three books, including Child Sexual Abuse: Sharing the Responsibility (with S. Wurtele, 1992), Child Maltreatment: An Introduction (with R. Perrin, Sage, 1999, 2007), and Family Violence Across the Lifespan (with O. Barnett & R. Perrin, Sage 1997, 2005, 2011). She is also the author or coauthor of numerous articles and book chapters on topics including child sexual abuse prevention, perceptions associated with child maltreatment, family violence, and psychology and religion. She enjoys teaching and researching with undergraduates and is the recipient of the 2008 Howard A. White Award for Teaching Excellence. She received her doctorate from Washington State University.

Preface
Acknowledgments
History and Definitions of Child Maltreatment
Children as Victims
Child Maltreatment Within Families
How Social Conditions Become Social Problems
Discovering Child Maltreatment: The Historical Context
Discovering Childhood
Discovering Child Maltreatment
Defining Child Maltreatment: Understanding the Social Construction-of-Deviance Definitions
Parent-Child Violence: Four Conceptualizations
Legitimate Versus Illegitimate Acts
Practice, Policy, and Prevention Issues
Family Support and Training Programs
School-Based Programs
Community Awareness Campaigns
Justice and Protection
Treating Offenders and Victims
Coordinated Community Responses
Summary
Goals of The Book
Discussion Questions
Notes
Recommended Resources
The Study of Child Maltreatment: Theoretical and Methodological Issues
Determining the Extent of Child Maltreatment
Official Estimates
National Incidence Study (NIS)
National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS)
Self-Report Surveys
Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS)
National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)
Section Summary
Explaining Child Maltreatment
Cultural and Social Structural Antecedents
The Cultural Context
Structural Characteristics of the Family
Low Costs of Child Maltreatment
Etiological Theory: Trying to Understand Abusive Behavior
Social Ecology/Social Bonding Theories
Social Class, Strain, and Frustration
Social Learning Theories
Attachment and Parent-Child Interaction Theories
Psychopathology and Behavioral Traits
Biological Factors
Integrated Theories
Process Theories
Transactional Theories
Section Summary
Methodological Issues: Conducting Better Research
Definitional Ambiguity
Correlation Isn't Cause: Problems Establishing Cause-and-Effect Relationships
Conducting Experiments
Longitudinal Studies
Comparison Groups
When Correlation Comes Close to Cause: Two Examples
Problems With Samples
Chapter Summary
Discussion Questions
Notes
Recommended Resources
Child Physical Abuse
Case History: Kevin Fell Off His Razor
Scope of the Problem
What is Physical Child Abuse?
Legal Perspectives
How Common is Physical Child Abuse?
Official Estimates
Self-Report Surveys
Is the Rate of Physical Child Abuse Increasing?
Section Summary
Searching for Patterns: Victim, Perpetrator, and Social Ecological Characteristics
Demographic Characteristics of Children Who Are Physically Abused
Age
Gender
Socioeconomic Status
Race
Additional Characteristics
Demographic Characteristics of Adults Who Physically Abuse Children
Age
Gender
Relationship to the Abused Child
Psychological and Biological Characteristics of Adults Who Physically Abuse Children
Emotional and Behavioral Characteristics
Biological Factors
Social Ecological Factors
Family Characteristics
Family and Interpersonal Difficulties
Parenting Problems
Section Summary
Consequences Associated With Child Physical Abuse
Effects Associated With the Physical Abuse of Children
Medical and Neurobiological Problems
Cognitive Problems
Behavioral Problems
Socioemotional Difficulties
Psychiatric Disorders
Possible Long-Term Effects of Physical Abuse
Criminal and Violent Behavior
Substance Abuse
Socioemotional Difficulties
Mediators of Abuse Effects
Section Summary
Practice, Policy, and Prevention Issues
Intervention Strategies for Child Physical Abuse
Treatment for Physically Abusive Adults
Treatment for Children With Physical Abuse Histories
Family Interventions
Community Interventions
Preventing Physical Abuse of Children
Parental Competency Programs
Community Awareness Campaigns
Chapter Summary
Discussion Questions
Note
Recommended Resources
Child Sexual Abuse
Case History: Sashim's Secret
Scope of the Problem
What is Child Sexual Abuse?
Cultural Context
Conceptual Issues
Legal Issues
Estimates of Child Sexual Abuse
Official Estimates
Self-Report Surveys
Is Sexual Abuse Increasing or Decreasing?
Section Summary
Searching for Patterns: Victim, Perpetrator, and Social Ecological Characteristics
Characteristics of Sexually Abused Children
Age
Gender
Characteristics of Individuals Who Sexually Abuse Children
Age
Gender
Relationship to the Abused Child
Social Ecological Factors
Section Summary
Dynamics and Consequences Associated With Child Sexual Abuse
Dynamics of Child Sexual Abuse
Types of Sexual Activity
Initiation of Abuse
Maintenance of Abuse
Exploitation Through the Internet
Effects Associated With Child Sexual Abuse
Initial Effects
Long-Term Effects
Explaining the Variability in Effects
Section Summary
Explaining Child Sexual Abuse
Focus on the Abused Individual
Focus on the Offender
Deviant Sexual Arousal
Childhood History of Sexual Abuse
Contemporary Integrative Theories
Focus on the Family
Focus on Society and Culture
Societal Attitudes
Media Depictions
Section Summary
Practice, Policy, and Prevention Issues
Basic Issues in Treatment Intervention
Therapy for Child and Adult Survivors
Interventions for Children
Interventions for Adults
Treatment Interventions for Offenders
Medical Approaches
Traditional and Family Systems Approaches
Cognitive and Behavioral Techniques
Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse
Education Programs for Children
The Parental Role in Child Empowerment
Perpetration Prevention
Chapter Summary
Discussion Questions
Recommended Resources
Child Neglect
Case History: Will and Mark: "Where are the Parents?"
Scope of the Problem
What is Child Neglect?
Current Definitions
Severity of Consequences
Frequency and Duration
Cultural Issues
Forms of Neglect
Estimates of Child Neglect
Official Estimates
Self-Report Surveys
Section Summary
Searching for Patterns: Characteristics of Neglected Children and Their Families
Characteristics of Neglected Children
Age
Gender
Race
Characteristics of Neglecting Parents
Demographic Characteristics
Psychological and Behavioral Characteristics
Social Ecological Factors
Family Structure and Functioning
Socioeconomic Status
Community Integration and Social Support
Section Summary
Consequences Associated With Child Neglect
Developmental Considerations
Social and Attachment Difficulties
Cognitive and Academic Deficits
Emotional and Behavior Problems
Physical Consequences
Long-Term Consequences
Section Summary
Practice, Policy, and Prevention Issues
Treatment of Child Neglect
Prevention of Child Neglect
Home Visitation Programs
Programs for Parents With High-Risk Children
Chapter Summary
Discussion Questions
Recommended Resources
Child Psychological Maltreatment
Case History: Tough Love or Child Psychological Maltreatment?
Scope of the Problem
What is Child Psychological Maltreatment?
Conceptual Issues
Subtypes of Child Psychological Maltreatment
Legal Issues
Estimates of Child Psychological Maltreatment
Official Estimates
Self-Report Surveys
Section Summary
Searching for Patterns: Characteristics of Victims and Perpetrators
Characteristics of Psychologically Maltreated Children
Age and Gender
Other Risk Factors
Characteristics of Psychologically Maltreating Parents
Age and Gender
Psychosocial Qualities
Section Summary
Consequences Associated With Child Psychological Maltreatment
Initial Effects
Long-Term Effects
Methodological Issues Pertaining to Effects Research
Section Summary
Practice, Policy, and Prevention Issues
Interventions for Psychologically Maltreated Children
Preventing Psychological Maltreatment
Summary
Discussion Questions
Note
Recommended Resources
Additional Forms of Child Maltreatment
Case History: The Disney World Girl
Children Who Witness Violence
Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence
Estimates of the Problem
Effects Associated With Children's Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence
Methodological Issues Pertaining to Effects Research
Interventions for Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence
Children Who Witness Community Violence
Estimates of the Problem
Effects Associated With Exposure to Community Violence
Interventions for Children Exposed to Community Violence
Section Summary
Peer Violence and Victimization
Sibling Abuse
What is Sibling Abuse?
Forms of Negative Sibling Interaction
Estimates of the Problem
Consequences Associated With Negative Sibling Interaction
Characteristics of Siblings Who Inflict Harm
Bullying
What is Bullying?
Estimates of the Problem
Characteristics of Bullies and Victims
Age
Gender
Psychological Characteristics
Family- and School-Related Factors
Intervention and Prevention
Section Summary
Institutional Child Maltreatment
Estimates of the Problem
Forms of Institutional Child Maltreatment
Consequences Associated With Institutional Child Maltreatment
Responses to Institutional Child Maltreatment
Section Summary
Organized Exploitation
Child Sex Rings
Child Pornography
Child Prostitution
Chapter Summary
Discussion Questions
Note
Recommended Resources
Key Issues in Responding to Child Maltreatment
Child Welfare Responses to Child Maltreatment
The Role of Child Protective Services
Out-of-Home Care
Legislation Affecting Child Welfare
Legal System Responses to Child Maltreatment
Children and the Legal System
Prosecuting Individuals Who Abuse Children
Cultural and International Issues in Child Maltreatment
Estimates of Child Maltreatment Outside North America
Cultural Differences and Child Maltreatment
Cultural Sensitivity in Addressing the Problem of Child Maltreatment
Collateral Effects of Child Maltreatment
Impact of Child Maltreatment on Professionals Who Work With Victims
Treatment and Prevention of Collateral Effects of Child Maltreatment
Chapter Summary
Discussion Questions
Recommended Resources
Controversial Issues in the Study of Child Maltreatment
Concern and Debate About Alleged False Allegations
Childhood Fabrications
Memory Wars: Repressed and Recovered Memories
Is Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence (IVP) a Form of Child Maltreatment?
Are Some Cases of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Actually Infanticide?
Justice and Protection Controversies
Mandatory Reporting
Community Notification Laws
Corporal Punishment
Family Preservation Versus Out-of-Home Care
Chapter Summary
Discussion Questions
Notes
Recommended Resources
Advancing the Field of Child Maltreatment
Methodological and Theoretical Limitations and Solutions
Improving on Methodological Limitations to Research in the Field
Debates About Child Maltreatment Definitions
Studying the Causes of Child Maltreatment
Unifying the Field of Child Maltreatment
Competing Claims and Interests of Professionals
The Co-Occurrence of Multiple Forms of Victimization
Comparative Effects of Different Subtypes and Combinations of Child Maltreatment
Additional Areas of Integrative Research
Claims Making Versus Science: Balancing Passion and Empiricism Within the Field of Child Maltreatment
Feeding Public Distrust of Social Science
Feeding the Backlash
Blurring Definitional Boundaries
Achieving Balance
Chapter Summary
Discussion Questions
Recommended Resources
What You Can Do To Help
Condemning Cultural Acceptance of Violence
The Media and Violence
Questioning Culturally Accepted Violence Within the Family
Advocating for a Public Policy Commitment to the Prevention of Child Maltreatment
Financially Committing to Family Protection
Addressing Social Problems That Contribute to Child Maltreatment
Committing to Primary Prevention
Child Maltreatment as a Public Health Issue
Find What Works to Prevent Maltreatment and Invest in It
Joining, Giving, Volunteering, Speaking Out
Becoming a Court-Appointed Special Advocate (CASA) Volunteer
Foster Parenting
Adopting
Chapter Summary
Notes
Appendix
References
Glossary
Index
About the Authors

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