Introduction to Veterinary Genetics

ISBN-10: 1405168323

ISBN-13: 9781405168328

Edition: 3rd 2010

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Book details

Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 10/23/2009
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 328
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.75" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.452
Language: English

Frank Nicholas is Professor of Animal Genetics in the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, Australia. He created and maintains Online Mendelian Inheritance of Animals (OMIA), a comparative knowledge base of genetic disorders and other familial traits in non-laboratory animals (www.angis.org.au/omia).

Preface
Basic genetics
Chromosomes
Meiosis and mitosis
The biochemistry of inheritance
What is a gene?
Gene regulation
Mutation
Genes, alleles, and loci
Simple or Mendelian inheritance
Linkage
Inactivation
Types of DNA
Further Reading
Banded karyotypes of domestic species
Molecular biology
Restriction enzymes
Recombinant DNA and DNA cloning
Complementary DNA
DNA sequencing
Polymerase chain reaction
Southern analysis and related technologies
DNA expression microarrays
The detection of variation in base sequence
Veterinary diagnosis
Variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR), DNA fingerprints, and microsatellites
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)
Copy number variation (CNV)
Gene mapping
Whole-genome sequence assembly
Production of polypeptide from cloned DNA
Transgenesis
Antisense technology
RNA interference
Further Reading
Single-gene disorders
Inborn errors of metabolism
Sex-limited inheritance
Genetic heterogeneity of disease
Type of gene action and type of disease
Phenocopies
A sample of single-gene disorders
A revolution in mapping and identifying the causal mutation of single-gene disorders
Further Reading
A sample of single-gene traits that have been characterized at the molecular level
Chromosomal aberrations
Abnormal chromosome number
Abnormal chromosome structure
Chromosomal aberrations in cancer
Evolution of karyotypes
Interspecific hybridization
Freemartins
Biological basis of sex
Classification of intersex 116
A sample of chromosomal aberrations
Further Reading
A sample of chromosomal aberrations in animals
Single genes in populations
Gene and genotype frequencies
Random mating
The Hardy-Weinberg law
Extensions to the Hardy-Weinberg law
Selection and mutation
Genetic drift and the founder effect
Extending population genetics to more than one locus
Further Reading
Familial disorders not due to a single gene
Liability and threshold
The multifactorial model
More than one threshold
Some final points
Further Reading
Is it inherited?
General evidence for a genetic aetiology
The four types of simple, Mendelian inheritance
Studying and analysing the data
Further Reading
Immunogenetics
Antibodies
Red-cell antigens
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC)
Further Reading
Pharmacogenetics
Genetic polymorphisms affecting drug metabolism
Genetics and anaesthesia
Warfarin resistance
Multifactorial pharmacogenetics
Further Reading
Hosts, parasites, and pathogens
Host-pathogen interactions
Resistance in hosts
Resistance in parasites and pathogens
Control of parasites and pathogens
Increasing the level of resistance in hosts
Further Reading
Single genes in animal breeding
Coat colour
Examples of coat-colour genes
Carpet wool
Prolificacy in sheep
Polledness
Muscular hypertrophy in cattle and sheep
Dwarf poultry
Genes for sexing chickens
Pedigree checking
Further Reading
Relationship and inbreeding
The inbreeding coefficient
Relationship
The inbreeding coefficient revisited
A general expression for relationship and inbreeding
The base population
Inbreeding in populations
Inbreeding depression
Further Reading
Quantitative variation
Quantitative traits
The performance of an individual animal
The differences between animals
Heritability
Correlations between traits
Quantitative trait loci (QTL)
Further Reading
Selection between populations
Comparison between populations
Genotype-environment interaction
Further Reading
Selection within populations
Estimated breeding values and accuracy of selection
Clues to a candidates breeding value for a trait
Combining clues from more than one source
Best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP)
Correlated traits
Selection for more than one trait
The importance of inbreeding and genetic drift
Sire-reference schemes
Marker-assisted selection (MAS) and genome-wide selection (GWS)
Further Reading
Breed structure
The traditional pyramid
Closed-nucleus breeding schemes
Open-nucleus breeding schemes
Further Reading
Crossing
Regular crossing
Crossing to produce a synthetic
Grading-up
Further Reading
Selection and regular crossing
Selection
Selection and regular crossing
Further Reading
Biotechnology and the future
Artificial insemination (AI)
Multiple ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET)
In vitro
maturation (IVM) and in vitro
fertilization (IVF) of ova
Control of sex ratio
Recombinant proteins
Transgenesis
Animal cloning
Further Reading
Conservation genetics
Measurement of genetic diversity within populations
Measurement of genetic diversity among populations
Importance of genetic diversity
Loss of genetic diversity
Conservation of genetic diversity
Further Reading
Genetic and environmental control of inherited disorders
Environmental control of inherited disorders
Genetic control of single-gene disorders
Gene therapy
Genetic control of multifactorial disorders
Genetic control some final points
Crossing: thinking outside the square
Further Reading
Glossary
Index
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