Economics of Gender

ISBN-10: 1405161825
ISBN-13: 9781405161824
Edition: 3rd 2007 (Revised)
List price: $65.95 Buy it from $18.02
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Description: The Economics of Gender, 3e offers an affordable, comprehensive, and up-to-date introduction to the contemporary research being conducted on the differences between women's and men's economic opportunities, activities, and rewards. While focusing  More...

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Book details

List price: $65.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 2/27/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 576
Size: 7.50" wide x 9.25" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 2.266
Language: English

The Economics of Gender, 3e offers an affordable, comprehensive, and up-to-date introduction to the contemporary research being conducted on the differences between women's and men's economic opportunities, activities, and rewards. While focusing on contemporary US patterns, this text integrates an uniquely international comparative perspective Discusses the pros and cons of various policies, including comparable worth and welfare programs Revisions to the 3rd edition include fully updated data, inclusion of new research, and new examples and studies Clear, readable, and provocative with helpful appendices to provide additional information for readers who have little experience with economics, while simultaneously providing further detail for the economically sophisticated Flexible in design, for use by both labor economics students and women's studies programs without labor economics prerequisites

Preface
What Are the Issues in the Economics of Gender?
Introduction
What is the economics of gender?
Why study the economics of gender?
How are men and women different?
Focus: Gender, gender, everywhere
Why are men and women different?
Focus: Why are women underrepresented in science?
Critiques of the economic approach
Communication between academic disciplines
Focus: Gender and metaphor in the language of economics
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading
Discussion questions
The repercussions of scarcity
Opportunity cost
The marginal vs. total distinction
Markets
Focus: The intrinsic value paradox: Are diamonds and water like lawyers and child care workers?
Noncompetitive markets-monopoly and monopsony
Policy application: Effects of a minimum, wage
Endnotes
Discussion questions
Gender Differences in the U.S. Economy
How much do men and women work?
Focus: Will men be tomorrow's "second sex"?
Where do women and men work?
How much money do men and women make?
How well-off are women and men?
Focus: Gender differences in charitable contributions
How do men and women allocate their time?
Policy application: Unemployment policy
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading and statistical sources
Discussion questions
Why Do Women and Men Work?
The Household as Economic Unit
Household and marriage formation
Forces determining the division of labor
Who to marry and how to share
Focus: Is bachelorhood a pitiable state?
How is power distributed in households?
Focus: The economics of domestic violence
Household and marriage dissolution
Focus: Prenuptial and postnuptial agreements
Policy application: No-fault divorce
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading
Discussion questions
Consumption and production relationships
Gains from trade
Budget constraints and indifference curves
Substitutes and complements
Endnote
Discussion questions
Labor Force Participation: Analysis of Trends
Trends in labor force participation
What has caused these trends?
Explanations of the rise in women's labor force participation
Focus: What is higher-quality housework?
Explanations of the fall in men's labor force participation
Trends in hours worked
Conclusions about economic factors affecting labor force participation
Extensions of the simple economic model
Focus: Changes in volunteerism rates
Predicting changes in the labor market
Policy application: Subsidized child care
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading
Discussion questions
Labor supply
The decision to work
Policy application: An earnings tax
Endnotes
Discussion questions
Labor Force Participation: Consequences for Family Structure
Demographic trends
The question of causality
Focus: Early marriage as an element of Utopia
New household and family patterns
Changes in well-being of households and families
Focus: The price of success? Higher education and family life
Focus: Teenage mothers and the cycle of poverty
Policy application: Regulation of fertility-access to contraception and abortion
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading and statistical sources
Discussion questions
Policy Application: Welfare Reform
What is welfare?
Who is poor?
Effects of welfare programs
Approaches to welfare reform
Focus: Making noncustodial parents pay
Focus: The Free the Children antipoverty program
Recent welfare reform in the U.S.
Endnotes
Further reading and statistical sources
Discussion questions
The Earnings Puzzle: Why Do Women Earn Less Than Men?
Gender Segregation in the Workplace
The situation in various occupations
Focus: Directors and officers at Fortune 500 companies
Interpretation of large changes in the proportion of women in some occupations
Segregation index values
Cross-cultural segregation data
Theories of why segregation occurs and persists
Focus: Blind selection processes
The relationship between segregation and earnings
Focus: University coaches' salaries
Effects of workforce policies on segregation
Policy application: Affirmative action
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading
Discussion questions
Causes of Earnings Differences: Human Capital
What is human capital?
How human capital investments affect earnings
Focus: The "mommy track" controversy
The significance of human capital theory for occupational choice
Focus: Is there gender bias in educational testing?
Evidence of effects of human capital differences on gender earnings differences
Focus: Is the classroom climate chilly for women?
Policy implications of human capital theory for the gender earnings gap
Policy application: Nontraditional job training programs
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading and statistical sources
Discussion questions
Regression analysis
Endnotes
Discussion questions
Causes of Earnings Differences: Compensating Differentials
What is a compensating differential?
How do compensating differentials affect earnings?
Focus: Death on the job
Sorting of workers across firms and industries
Gender differences in preferences for job characteristics
Focus: Gender differences in "selling out"
Policy implications of compensating differentials for the gender earnings gap
Policy application: Workplace regulations
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading
Discussion questions
Causes of Earnings Differences: Discrimination
How economists define discrimination
Overview of evidence of workplace discrimination
Focus: The difficulties of filing discrimination charges
Focus: The Sears case
How do discrimination theories explain gender workplace differences?
Models involving tastes for discrimination
Models of discrimination that do not involve prejudice
Can discrimination exist in equilibrium?
Feedback effects from labor market discrimination
Devices for combating discrimination
Focus: Women don't ask? Improving negotiation skills
Policy application: Anti-discrimination legislation
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading
Discussion questions
Policy Application: Comparable Worth
What is comparable worth?
The pros and cons of comparable worth
Focus: Comparable worth for professors
How would comparable worth be implemented nationally?
Estimation of potential comparable worth benefits and costs
Evaluation of actual comparable worth policies
The need for policies to correct discrimination
Endnotes
Further reading
Discussion questions
Cross-Societal Comparisons: Are Gender Differences the Same Everywhere?
Industrialized Capitalist Societies
Overview of levels and trends in these countries
Focus: Institutionalized pay discrimination in New Zealand
Focus: Swedish hiring quotas and Norwegian boardroom quotas
Examples from particular countries
Focus: Comparing tax system effects for Sweden and Germany
Social policies across advanced industrialized countries
Policy application: Child allowances
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading and statistical sources
Discussion questions
Socialist and Cooperative Societies
Why these societies might be expected to display more gender equality
Evaluation of actual practices
Focus: Causes of the progress of women in the Soviet Union
Examples from particular countries
Focus: How many "missing girls" are there in China?
Focus: Vietnam as a paradigm for transition?
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading and statistical sources
Discussion questions
Nonindustrialized Traditional Societies
Overview of levels and trends in these countries
Methods for evaluating the extent and value of work
Focus: Time use in Togo
Level of gender inequality by type of society
Focus: Flexible gender roles in American Indian societies
Focus: Sex ratios across societies
Examples from particular countries
Policy application: Rural-urban migration disincentives
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading
Discussion questions
Effects of the Development Process on Gender Differences
What is development?
Focus: Two Brazilian factories
Development effects on family structure
Focus: The marriage market in Singapore
Development policy topics
Focus: Bank loans in Bombay
Policy application Foreign aid practices
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading and statistical sources
Discussion questions
Historical Comparisons: How Do Gender Differences Vary over Time?
Gender Differences in U.S. Economic History
Overview by era
Focus: Mill towns in New England
Long-run trends in labor markets
Focus: Bank tellers and the tipping phenomenon
Policies affecting men and women differently
Focus: The cigar industry
Policy application: Marriage bars
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading and statistical sources
Discussion questions
Race, Ethnicity, and Class Considerations in Interpreting Gender Differences
Gender differences across groups
Different conceptual frameworks for analyzing group differences
Focus: Does U.S. immigration law hurt women?
Displaced populations-American Indians
Repercussions of slavery: the African-American experience
Focus: Black progress in corporate America
Immigrant experiences
Group membership considerations in formulation of policy
Focus: Does Title IX discriminate against black men?
Policy application: Quotas in educational programs and hiring
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading
Discussion questions
Policy Proposals
Summary of policy approaches to gender issues
General precepts for policy formulation
Focus: Why don't women get tenure?
Focus: Part-time lawyers
Policy application: Family-friendly benefits
Summary
Endnotes
Further reading and statistical sources
Discussion questions
Author index
Subject index

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