Introduction to Forensic Geoscience

ISBN-10: 1405160543

ISBN-13: 9781405160544

Edition: 2nd 2012

Authors: Elisa Bergslien
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Description: Based on a proven classroom approach, this text briefly introduces various earth science topics and discusses aspects of geology that are not traditionally emphasized in undergraduate courses.Taking a problem-based learning approach, this resource presents background case information, forensic exercises and suggestions on how to develop them, and helpful pointers on utilizing additional references and materials. This book is ideal for undergraduate courses, and also provides reference material for developing modules appropriate for high-schools or middle schools.

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Book details

Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2012
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 4/13/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 514
Size: 8.75" wide x 11.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 3.256

List of Tables and Figures
List of Color Plates
List of Cases
Preface
Acknowledgments
A Brief History of Forensic Science and Crime Scene Basics
Scene of the Crime
Processing the Crime Scene
Types of Evidence
Further Reading
References
Minerals: The Basic Building Blocks of Geology
Mineralogical Fraud
Minerals
Types of Bonding
Mineral Groups
Properties of Minerals
Summary
Further Reading
References
Rocks: Storybooks of the Earth
The Rock Cycle
Properties of Rocks
Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
Summary
Further Reading
References
Maps: Getting a Sense of Place
Global Location Systems
Maps in the United Kingdom
The Global Positioning System
Maps
Remote Sensing and Other Resources
Summary
Further Reading
References
Sand: To See the World in a Grain of Sand
An Introduction to Sand
Characterizing Sand
Surface Features
Sample Collection
Sample Preparation
The Stereomicroscope
Forensic Examination of Sand
Common Minerals
Less Common Minerals
Opaque Minerals
Anthropogenic Materials
Summary
Further Reading
References
Gems and Gemstones: Those Most Precious of all Minerals
An Introduction to Gemstones
Crystal Forms
The Petrographic Microscope
Light and the Optical Properties of Minerals
The Forensic Identifi cation of Glass
More Optical Properties
Isotropic versus Anisotropic Minerals
Anisotropic Crystals
Other Important Properties of Gems and Gemstones
Identifying Gems and Gemstones
Organic Gemstones
Summary
Further Reading
References
Soil: Getting the Dirt on Crime
Introduction to Soils
Soil Horizons
Soil Origins
Phyllosilicates (Sheet Silicates)
Some Important Clay Minerals
Soil Classification
Soil Color
Soil Moisture
Particle Size
Sample Collection
Simplified Manual Dry Sieve Method for Particle Size Analysis
Soil Classification Schemes
Soil Survey Maps
USDA Textural Classification
The ASTM Unified Soil Classification System (USCS): D-2487
Scene Examination
Visual Examination of Soil Evidence
Examination Procedures for Soil Samples
An Introduction to X-ray Diffraction Spectrometry (XRD)
Interpreting a Diffraction Pattern
Summary
Further Reading
References
The Geology of Art
Geologic Media and Art Forgery
Mineral Pigments
Black Pigments
White Pigments
Earth Colors: Red, Yellow, Orange, and Brown Pigments
Blue Pigments
Green Pigments
Collecting a Sample for Microscopic Examination (McCrone, 1982)
Raman Spectroscopy
Chromatography
Inks
Summary
Further Reading
References
Fossils and Microfossils: Traces of Life
Geologic Time and Index Fossils
An Introduction to Fossils
A Brief Introduction to the Classification of Fossils
Invertebrate Paleontology
Micropaleontology
Collection and Treatment
Scanning Electron Microscope
Is It Legal to Take This Fossil?
Rare-earth Elements
Summary
References
Geology and People: Forensic Anthropology and Forensic Archeology
Locating Ground Disturbances
Search
Geophysical Tools
Magnetometry
Electrical Resistivity (ER)
Electromagnetic Induction (EMI)
Specialized EMI: Metal Detectors
Ground-penetrating Radar (GPR)
Search and Post-search Operations
Elemental and Mineralogical Analysis of Human Bone
Summary
Further Reading
References
Environmental Forensics: Tracking Pollution to its Source
Water: Our Most Precious Natural Resource
Surface Water
Clean Water Act
CERCLA and SARA
Groundwater
Contaminant Hydrogeology
Safe Drinking Water Act
Water-quality Measurements
Field Water-quality Measurements
Water Contamination
Analytical Techniques for Chemical Fingerprinting
Isotopes in the Environment
Summary
References
Index
Color Plates appear between pages 224 and 225
Companion Website
This book has a companion website: www.wiley.com/go/bergslien/forensicgeoscience with Figures and Tables from the book
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