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Doing Optimality Theory Applying Theory to Data

ISBN-10: 1405151366
ISBN-13: 9781405151368
Edition: 2008
Authors: John J. McCarthy
List price: $57.95 Buy it from $48.19
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Description: "Doing Optimality Theory" brings together examples and practical, detailed advice for undergraduates and graduate students working in linguistics. The book Explains how to do analysis and research using Optimality Theory (OT) - a branch of phonology  More...

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Book details

List price: $57.95
Copyright year: 2008
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 5/19/2008
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 328
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 1.00" tall
Weight: 1.034

"Doing Optimality Theory" brings together examples and practical, detailed advice for undergraduates and graduate students working in linguistics. The book Explains how to do analysis and research using Optimality Theory (OT) - a branch of phonology that has revolutionized the field since its conception in 1993 Offers practical, in-depth advice for students and researchers in the field, presented in an engaging way Features numerous examples, questions, and exercises throughout, all helping to illustrate the theory and summarize the core concepts of OT Is written by John J. McCarthy, one of the theory's leading proponents and an instrumental figure in the dissemination and use of OT today Guide readers through the intricacies of linguistic analysis and research for beginning researchers, and, by example, one which will lead the way to future developments in the field.

Acknowledgments
Read This First!
List of Abbreviations
An Introduction to Optimality Theory
How OT Began
Why Must Constraints Be Violable?
The Nature of Constraints in OT
Candidate Sets: OT's Gen Component
Candidate Evaluation: OT's Eval Component
Constraint Activity
Differences between Languages
The Version of OT Discussed in This Book
Suggestions for Further Reading
How to Construct an Analysis
Where to Begin
Choosing a problem to work on
Formulating a descriptive generalization
Getting from the generalization to an analysis
Summary
How to Rank Constraints
Working through an Analysis in Phonology
The Limits of Ranking Arguments
Candidates in Ranking Arguments
Harmonic Bounding
Constraints in Ranking Arguments
Inputs in Ranking Arguments
Working through an Analysis in Syntax
Finding and Fixing Problems in an Analysis
How to check an analysis for problems
Problem 1: An invalid ranking argument
Problem 2: A ranking paradox
Problem 3: Dealing with richness of the base
Constraint Ranking by Algorithm and Computer
The Logic of Constraint Ranking and Its Uses
How to Write Up an Analysis
Introduction
How to Organize a Paper
How to Present an OT Analysis
The Responsibilities of Good Scholarship
How to Write Clearly
General Advice about Research Topics
Developing New Constraints
Introduction
When Is It Necessary to Modify Con?
How to Discover a New Constraint
How to Define a New Constraint
Properties of Markedness Constraints
How markedness constraints assign violations
Constraints that are evaluated gradiently
Constraints derived by harmonic alignment
Properties of Faithfulness Constraints
Correspondence theory
Faithfulness to features
Positional faithfulness
Faithfulness constraints in the early OT literature
Justifying Constraints
The three ways of justifying a constraint
Justifying constraints formally
Justifying constraints functionally
A Classified List of Common Phonological Markedness Constraints
Language Typology and Universals
Factorial Typology
Language Universals and How to Explain Them in OT
Investigating the Factorial Typology of a Constraint Set
Using Factorial Typology to Test New Constraints
Factorial Typology When Con Isn't Fully Known
How to Proceed from Typology to Constraints
Some Current Research Questions
Introduction
How Does a Language Vary?
How is Language Acquired?
Does OT Need Derivations?
How Is Ungrammaticality Accounted For?
Is Faithfulness Enough?
Afterword
References
Constraint Index
Language Index
Subject Index

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