Syntax A Generative Introduction

ISBN-10: 1405133848

ISBN-13: 9781405133845

Edition: 2nd 2006 (Revised)

Authors: Andrew Carnie
List price: $62.95
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Description: Written primarily in the principles and parameters framework, this introduction to syntax covers the major issues such as phrase structure, movement and locality conditions.

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Book details

List price: $62.95
Edition: 2nd
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 9/26/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 512
Size: 7.00" wide x 9.75" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.936
Language: English

Preface and Acknowledgments
Preliminaries
Generative Grammar
Preliminaries
Syntax as a Cognitive Science
Modeling Syntax
Syntax as Science - the Scientific Method
An Example of the Scientific Method as Applied to Syntax
Sources of Data
Where do the Rules Come From?
Learning vs. Acquisition
Innateness: Language as an Instinct
The Logical Problem of Language Acquisition
Other Arguments for UG
Explaining Language Variation
Choosing among Theories about Syntax
The Scientific Method and the Structure of this Textbook
Summary
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
Parts of Speech
Words and Why They Matter to Syntax
Determining Part of Speech
The Problem of Traditional Definitions
Distributional Criteria
The Major Parts of Speech: N, V, Adj, and Adv
Nouns
Verbs
Adjectives
Adverbs
Open vs. Closed; Lexical vs. Functional
Open vs. Closed Parts of Speech
Lexical vs. Functional
Some Functional (Closed) Categories of English
Summary
Subcategories and Features
Subcategories of Nouns
Subcategories of Verbs
Summary
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
Constituency, Trees, and Rules
Introduction
Rules and Trees
Noun Phrases (NPs)
Adjective Phrases (AdjPs) and Adverb Phrases (AdvPs)
Prepositional Phrases (PPs)
Verb Phrases (VPs)
Clauses
Summary
How to Draw a Tree
Bottom-up Trees
The Top-down Method of Drawing Trees
Bracketed Diagrams
Modification and Ambiguity
Constituency Tests
Summary and Conclusion
How to Do Foreign Language PSR Problems
Doing problems with word-by-word glosses
Doing problems without word-by-word glosses
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
Structural Relations
Introduction
The Parts of a Tree
Domination
Domination
Exhaustive Domination
Immediate Domination
Precedence
C-command
Grammatical Relations
Summary and Conclusions
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
Binding Theory
Introduction
The Notions Coindex and Antecedent
Binding
Locality Conditions on the Binding of Anaphors
The Distribution of Pronouns
The Distribution of R-expressions
Conclusion
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
The Base
X-bar Theory
Introduction
Bar-level Projections
V-bar
Adj-bar and Adv-bar
P-bar
Generalizing the Rules: The X-bar Schema
Complements, Adjuncts, and Specifiers
Complements and Adjuncts in NPs
Complements and Adjuncts in VPs, AdjPs, AdvPs, and PPs
The Notion Specifier
Some Definitional Housekeeping
Parameters of Word Order
Drawing Trees in X-bar Notation
Important Considerations in Tree Drawing
A Sample Tree
X-bar Theory: A Summary
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
Extending X-bar Theory to Functional Categories
Introduction
Determiner Phrases (DPs)
A Descriptive Tangent into Clause Types
Complementizer Phrases (CPs)
Tense Phrases (TPs)
CP, TP, DP Tree
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
Constraining X-bar Theory: The Lexicon
Introduction
Some Basic Terminology
Thematic Relations and Theta Roles
The Lexicon
Expletives and the Extended Projection Principle
Summary
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
Movement
Head-to-Head Movement
Introduction
Verb Movement (V [right arrow] T)
French
Irish
T Movement (T [right arrow] C)
Do-support
Multiple Auxiliaries and Affix-hopping in English
Multiple Auxiliaries
Affix-hopping
Summary
Tests for Determining if a Language has V [right arrow] T or Affix Lowering
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
DP Movement
Introduction
A Puzzle for the Theory of Theta Roles
Passives
Case
Raising: Reprise
Passives: Reprise
Closing Up a Loose End
Conclusion
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
Wh-movement
Introduction
Movement in Wh-questions
Islands
The Minimal Link Condition
Wh-islands and the Minimal Link Condition
The MLC in DP Movement and Head Movement
Echo Questions (Wh-in-situ) in English
Conclusion
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
A Unified Theory of Movement
Introduction
Move
Explaining Cross-linguistic Differences
Scope, Covert Movement, and the MLC
MLC Effects in Wh-in-situ Languages
English Quantifiers and Scope
Conclusion
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
Advanced Topics
Expanded VPs
Introduction
The Problem of Ditransitive Verbs
Light Verbs
Object Shift
Ditransitives: Reprise
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
Raising, Control, and Empty Categories
Introduction
Raising vs. Control
Two Kinds of Theta Grids for Main Predicates
Distinguishing Raising from Control
What is PRO?
Two Kinds of Raising, Two Kinds of Control
Two Kinds of Raising
Two Kinds of Control
Summary of Predicate Types
Control Theory
Another Kind of Null Subject: "Little" pro
Summary
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
Advanced Topics in Binding Theory
A Quick Review of Chapter 5 Binding Theory
Levels of Representation
The Definition of Binding Domain
A Miscellany of Domain Violations
Anaphors
Pronouns
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Sets
Challenge Problem Sets
Alternatives
Lexical-Functional Grammar
Alternative Theories
C-structure
Functions
The Lexicon
F-structure
Why F-structures?
Assorted Phenomena
Head Mobility
Passives
Raising and Control
Wh-movement: Long Distance Dependencies
Conclusion
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Set
Challenge Problem Sets
Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar
Introduction
Features
The Lexicon
Rules, Features, and Trees
Binding
Long Distance Dependencies
Ideas Introduced in this Chapter
Further Reading
General Problem Set
Challenge Problem Sets
Conclusions and Directions for Further Study
References
Index
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