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Introduction to Population Ecology

ISBN-10: 1405132639
ISBN-13: 9781405132633
Edition: 2006 (Revised)
List price: $90.95
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Description: Larry Rockwood's textbook covers all aspects of population ecology. He uses field and laboratoy data to illustrate the fundamental laws of the subject and provides an overview of how population theory has developed, as well as exploring  More...

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Book details

List price: $90.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 2/10/2006
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 352
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.474
Language: English

Larry Rockwood's textbook covers all aspects of population ecology. He uses field and laboratoy data to illustrate the fundamental laws of the subject and provides an overview of how population theory has developed, as well as exploring single-species population growth and metapopulations.

Preface
Single-species populations
Density-independent growth
Introduction
Fundamentals of population growth
Types of models
Density-independent versus density-dependent growth
Discrete or "geometric" growth in populations with non-overlapping generations
Exponential growth in populations with overlapping generations
Exponential growth in an invasive species
Applications to human populations
The finite rate of increase ([lambda]) and the intrinsic rate of increase (r)
Stochastic models of population growth and population viability analysis
Conclusions
Density-dependent growth and intraspecific competition
Introduction
Density dependence in populations with discrete generations
Density dependence in populations with overlapping generations
Nonlinear density dependence of birth and death rates and the Allee effect
Time lags and limit cycles
Chaos and behavior of the discrete logistic model
Adding stochasticity to density-dependent models
Laboratory and field data
Behavioral aspects of intraspecific competition
Conclusions
Population regulation
Introduction
What is population regulation?
Combining density-dependent and density-independent factors
Tests of density dependence
Conclusions
Populations with age structures
Introduction
Survivorship
Fertility
Mortality curves
Expectation of life
Net reproductive rate, generation time, and the intrinsic rate of increase
Age structure and the stable age distribution
Projecting population growth in age-structured populations
The Leslie or population projection matrix
A second version of the Leslie matrix
The Lefkovitch modification of the Leslie matrix
Dominant latent roots and the characteristic equation
Reproductive value
Conclusions: sensitivity analysis
Metapopulation ecology
Introduction
Metapopulations and spatial ecology
MacArthur and Wilson and the equilibrium theory
The Levins or classical metapopulation
Extinction in metapopulations
Metapopulation dynamics of two local populations
Source-sink metapopulations and the rescue effect
Non-equilibrium and patchy metapopulations
Spatially realistic models
Minimum viable metapopulation size
Assumptions and evidence for the existence of metapopulations in nature
Conclusions
Life-history strategies
Introduction
Power laws
The metabolic theory of ecology
Cole and Lewontin
The theory of r- and K-selection
Cost of reproduction and allocation of energy
Clutch size
Latitudinal gradients in clutch size
Predation and its effects on life-history characteristics
Bet hedging
The Grime general model for three evolutionary strategies in plants
Conclusions
Interspecific interactions
Interspecific competition
Introduction
Interspecific competition: early experiments and the competitive-exclusion principle
The Lotka-Volterra competition equations
Laboratory experiments and competition
Resource-based competition theory
Spatial competition and the competition-colonization trade-off
Evidence for competition from nature
Indirect evidence for competition and "natural experiments"
Conclusions
Mutualism
Introduction
Modeling mutualism
Conclusions: the costs of mutualism
Host-parasite interactions
Introduction
Factors affecting microparasite population biology
Modeling host-microparasite interactions
Dynamics of the disease
Immunization
Endangered metapopulations and disease
Social parasites
Conclusions
Predator-prey interactions
Introduction
The Lotka-Volterra equations
Early tests of the Lotka-Volterra models
Functional responses
Adding prey density dependence and the type II and III functional responses to the Lotka-Volterra equations
The graphical analyses of Rosenzweig and MacArthur
Use of a half-saturation constant in predator-prey interactions
Parasitoid-host interactions and the Nicholson-Bailey models
Predator-prey interactions in practice: field studies
Trophic cascades
The dangers of a predatory lifestyle
Escape from predation
Conclusions
Plant-herbivore interactions
Introduction
Classes of chemical defenses
Constitutive versus induced defense
Plant communication
Plant-parasitoid communication
A classic set of data reconsidered
Novel defenses/herbivore responses
Detoxification of plant compounds by herbivores
Plant apparency and chemical defense
Soil fertility and chemical defense
The optimal defense theory
Modeling plant-herbivore population dynamics
Conclusions: the complexities of herbivore-plant interactions
Problem sets
Matrix algebra: the basics
Mathematical symbols used in this book
References
Index

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