Anthropology of Biomedicine

ISBN-10: 1405110716
ISBN-13: 9781405110716
Edition: 2010
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Description: Focusing on the ways in which the application of biomedical technologies bring about radical changes to societies at large, the book develops and integrates the thesis that the human body in health and illness is the elusive product of nature and  More...

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Book details

Copyright year: 2010
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Limited
Publication date: 4/9/2010
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 518
Size: 7.00" wide x 10.00" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 1.980
Language: English

Focusing on the ways in which the application of biomedical technologies bring about radical changes to societies at large, the book develops and integrates the thesis that the human body in health and illness is the elusive product of nature and culture that refuses to be pinned down.

Margaret Lock is the Marjorie Bronfman Professor Emerita in the Department of Social Studies of Medicine and the Department of Anthropology at McGill University. Lock’s many books include Encounters with Aging, Twice Dead, and An Anthropology of Biomedicine.

Introduction
Improving Global Health: the Challenge
Biomedicine as Technology
Does Culture Exist?
A Word about Ethnography
Outline of Chapters
Technologies and Bodies in Context
Biomedical Technologies in Practice
Technological Mastery of the Natural World and Human Development
Technology and Boundary Crossings
Biomedicine as Technology: some Implications
Technologies of Bodily Governance
Technologies of the Self
The power of biological reductionism
Techno/Biologicals
The Normal Body
Cholera in the Nineteenth Century
Representing the Natural Order
Truth to nature
The natural body
A numerical approach
Other natures
Interpreting the body
How normal became possible
When normal does not exist
Problems with making normal
Pathologizing the "normal"
Limitations to biomedical "objectivity"
Better than well?
Anthropologies of Medicine
The Body Social
Contextualizing Medical Knowledge
Medical Pluralism
The Modernization of "Traditional" Medicine
Medical Hybridization
Biodiversity and Indigenous Medical Knowledge
Self-Medication
A Short History of Medicalization
Opposition to Medicalization
The Social Construction of Illness and Disease
The Politics of Medicalization
Beyond Medicalization?
In Pursuit of Health
In Summary
Local Biologies and Human Difference
The End of Menstruation
Local biologies
Rethinking Biology in the Midst of Life's Complexity
Is Biology Real?
Kuru and Endo-Cannibalism
Racism and Birth Weight of Microbes and Humans
Antibiotics and Resistant Microbes
Debates about the Origin of HIV
In summary
The Biological Standard
The Right Population
The Origins of Population as a "Problem"
Addressing the "problem" of population
Improving the Stock of Nations
Alternative Modernity and Indian Family Planning
The One Child Policy
Biomedical technology and sex selection
Contextualizing sex selection: India and "family balancing"
Contextualizing sex selection: disappeared girls in China
Sex selection in a global context
Reproducing Nationalism
Summary
Colonial Disease and Biological Commensurability
An anthropological perspective on global biomedicine
Biomedicine as a tool of Empire
Acclimatization and racial difference
Colonial epidemics: Microbial theories prove their worth
Resistance to the biomedicalisation of epidemics
Microbiology as a global standard
Infertility and childbirth as critical events
Birthing in the Belgian Congo
A global practice of fertility control
Intimate colonialism: the biomedicalization of domesticity
Biomedicine, evangelism and consciousness
The biological standardization of hunger
The colonial discovery of malnutrition
Albumin as surplus
The biologization of salvation
In Summary
Grounds for Comparison: Biology and Human Experiments
The laboratory as the site of comparison
The colonial laboratoryExperimental bodies
Rise of the clinical trial
Taming difference by chance
The alchemy of the randomized controlled trial
The problem of generalizability
Medical standardization and contested evidence
Globalizing Clinical Research
Creating markets for biomedical technologies in developing countries
Testing biomedical interventions for the world's poor
Disputes over perinatal HIV transmission trials
What should count as significant evidence?
Living with Vampires: perceptions of research
Experimental communities: social relations
In summary
Moral Boundaries and Human Transformations
Who owns the body?
Commodification of Human Biologicals
Objects of Worth and their Alienation
The Wealth of Inalienable Goods
A BioEconomy of Human Biologicals
Who Owns the Body?
The Commodification of Eggs and Sperm
Immortalized Cell Lines
The Exotic Other
Biological Databases
Concluding Comments
The Social Life of Organs
Bioavailability -- Who becomes a donor?
A Shortage of Organs
Inventing a New Death
The Good-as-Dead
Struggling for National Consensus
The Social Life of Human Organs
When Resources are Short
Altruisim, Entitlement, and Commodification
Kinship, Infertility, and Assisted Reproduction
Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Problematizing Infertility Figures
From Underfertility to Overfertility
Reproducing Culture
Assisted Reproduction in the United States
Assisted Reproduction in Egypt
Assisted Reproduction in Israel
ART in Global Perspective
The Matter of the Self
The Discovery of an Unconscious Self
Unlocking the pathogenic secret
The pathogenic secret as a technology of the self
The making of post-traumatic stress disorder
The practitioner-self
The sources of therapeutic efficacy
The self's therapeutic powers
Technologies of health promotion
Technologies of empowerment
Technologies of self-help
Confessional technologies
Conclusion
Elusive Agents and Moral Disruptions
Genes as embodied risk
From Hazard to Embodied Risk
From Generation to Re-Writing Life
Genomic Hype
Geneticization
Genetic Testing and Human Contingency
Genetic Citizenship and Future Promise in America
Biosociality and the Affiliation of Genes
Genetic Screening
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis
Genomics, epigenomics, and uncertain futures
De-Throning the Gene?
Eclipse of the Genotype-Phenotype Dogma
Epigenetics: beyond genetic determinism
Epigenomics
The APOE Gene and Alzheimer's Disease
Genetic Testing for Late Onset Alzheimer's Disease
Interpretations of Risk Estimates
Learning (again) to live with Uncertainty
Human Difference Revisited
Molecular Biology and Racial Politics
The molecularization of race
Commodifying "race" and ancestry
Looping effects
Epilogue
Notes
Bibliography
Index

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