Automotive Fuels and Emissions

ISBN-10: 1401880088
ISBN-13: 9781401880088
Edition: 2006
Authors: Barry Hollembeak
List price: $122.95
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Description: This newest addition to the TechOne Series provides expert coverage of the theory, diagnosis, and repair for today?s modern fuel and emission system designs. Topics covered include OBD-II, alternative fuel vehicles, and I/M 240 diagnostics and  More...

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Book details

List price: $122.95
Copyright year: 2006
Publisher: Delmar Cengage Learning
Publication date: 12/8/2005
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 496
Size: 8.25" wide x 10.50" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 2.2
Language: English

This newest addition to the TechOne Series provides expert coverage of the theory, diagnosis, and repair for today?s modern fuel and emission system designs. Topics covered include OBD-II, alternative fuel vehicles, and I/M 240 diagnostics and testing. Computer systems, fuel delivery, and fuel system principles are also discussed in detail.

Preface
About the Author
Acknowledgments
Features of the Text
Safety and Communication
Safe Work Practices
Introduction
Personal Safety
Fire Hazards and Prevention
Lifting the Vehicle
Running the Vehicle while in the Shop
Hazardous Materials
Fuel System Safety
Summary
Review Questions
Special Tools and Equipment
Introduction
Fuel Pressure Gauge
Injector Balance Tester
Fuel-Injector Cleaner
Flow Meters
Evaporative Emissions Leak Detector
Exhaust Analyzers
Engine Analyzers
Scan Tools
Special Hand Tools
Service Information
Summary
Review Questions
Electrical Test Equipment
Introduction
Test Lights
Injector Circuit Test Light
Logic Probes
Multimeters
Lab Scopes
Summary
Review Questions
Working as a Fuels and Emissions Technician
Introduction
Compensation
Workplace Relationships
Customer Relations
ASE Certification
Duties of a Fuels and Emissions Technician
Diagnostics
Use and Interpretation of Vehicle Identification and Calibration Numbers
Emissions-Tampering Laws
Summary
Review Questions
Computer Systems
Introduction to the Computer
Introduction
Basic Computer Operation
Analog and Digital Principles
Central Processing Unit
Computer Memory
Information Processing
EMI Suppression
Summary
Review Questions
Computer System Diagnosis
Introduction
Electronic Service Precautions
Powers and Grounds
Trouble Codes
Visual Inspection
Entering Diagnosis
Computer Flashing
Summary
Review Questions
Computer Inputs and Outputs
Introduction
Sensors
Feedback Signals
Computer Controlled Outputs
High-Side and Low-Side Drivers
Summary
Review Questions
Input and Output Diagnostics
Introduction
Testing Sensors
Breakout Boxes
Testing Actuators
Summary
Review Questions
Automotive Fuels
Automotive Fuels
Introduction
Gasoline
Combustion Chemistry
Gasoline Characteristics
Octane Ratings
Oxygenated Fuels
Reformulated Gas
Government Test Fuel
Summary
Review Questions
Alternative Fuels
Introduction
Liquid Petroleum Gas
Natural Gas
Hydrogen
Diesel Fuel
Summary
Review Questions
Basic Fuel Testing
Introduction
Fuel Quality Testing
Diesel Fuel Testing
Typical Procedures for Relieving Fuel Pressure
Fuel-Injector Cleaning
Summary
Review Questions
Fuel Delivery
Fuel Tanks
Introduction
Fuel Tank
Fuel Filler Caps
Rollover Check Valve
Onboard Refueling Vapor Recovery
Summary
Review Questions
Fuel Tank Service
Introduction
Fuel Tank Draining
Fuel Tank Removal
Fuel Filler Cap Testing
Summary
Review Questions
Fuel Pumps and Lines
Introduction
Electric Fuel Pumps
Fuel Filters
Fuel Lines
Fuel Rail
Fuel Pressure Regulation
Summary
Review Questions
Fuel Filter and Fuel Line Service
Introduction
In-line Filter Replacement
Fuel Line Service
Fuel Rail Service
Summary
Review Questions
Electric Fuel Pump Circuits
Introduction
Fuel Pump Relay
Inertia Switch
Circuit-opening Relay
Summary
Review Questions
Fuel Pump Diagnosis and Repair
Introduction
Fuel Pump Diagnosis and Service
Replacing Electric Fuel Pumps
Fuel-level Sending Unit Replacement
Summary
Review Questions
Fuel System Principles
The Importance of the Air-Fuel Ratio
Introduction
The Stoichiometric Ratio
Open Loop versus Closed Loop
Computer-controlled Air-Fuel Ratio Strategy
EFI Modes of Operation
Summary
Review Questions
Adaptive Memory
Introduction
Chrysler's Adaptive Strategies
General Motors's Integrator and Block Learn
Ford's Adaptive Strategies
Import Adaptive Memory Strategy
Summary
Review Questions
Fuel-Injection Systems
Introduction
Injector Internal Design and Electrical Connections
Throttle Body Injection Systems
Port Fuel-Injection Systems
Sequential Fuel-Injection Systems
Multipoint Injection Systems
Central Port Injection Systems
Gasoline Direct-Injection Systems
Summary
Review Questions
Electronic Fuel-Injection Input Sensor Diagnosis and Service
Introduction
Service Precautions
Preliminary Inspection
Input Sensor Diagnosis and Service
Summary
Review Questions
Injector Testing and Service
Introduction
Injector Sound Test
Injector Ohmmeter Test
Noid Light Test
Lab Scope Testing of the Injector
Injector Balance Test
Injector Flow Test
Injector Service
Summary
Review Questions
Scan Tester Diagnostics
Introduction
Scan Tester Functions
Ford Breakout Box Testing
Fuel-Injection Data Recording Interpretation
Summary
Review Questions
Emissions-Control Systems
Emissions and the Automotive Industry
Introduction
Emissions Laws and the Automotive Industry
History of Emissions Laws
The Combustion Process and Exhaust Gases
The Importance of the Air-Fuel Ratio
Summary
Review Questions
Precombustion Controls
Introduction
Precombustion Controls
Summary
Review Questions
Postcombustion Controls
Introduction
Air Injection
Catalytic Converter
Summary
Review Questions
Exhaust Analyzer Operation
Introduction
Exhaust Analyzers
Preparing the Vehicle for Exhaust Gas Testing
Exhaust Testing
Analyzer Results
Locating Cylinder Misfiring
Head Gasket and Combustion Chamber Leaks
Summary
Review Questions
Diagnosing the Emissions System
Introduction
Evaporative Emissions-Control System Diagnosis and Service
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System Diagnosis
Electronic EGR Control Diagnosis
Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) System Diagnosis and Service
Air-Injection System Diagnosis and Service
Catalytic Converter Diagnosis
Summary
Review Questions
Onboard Diagnostics Second Generation (OBD-II)
Introduction to OBD-II
Introduction
OBD-I versus OBD-II
Federal Test Procedure Standards
OBD-II Component Requirements
OBD-II Monitors
OBD-II Terms
OBD-II Scan Tool
Summary
Review Questions
DaimlerChrysler's OBD-II
Introduction
Overview
Comprehensive Components Monitor
Fuel System Monitor
Heated Oxygen Sensor Response Monitor
Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor
Catalyst Monitor
Misfire Monitor
EVAP Monitor
EGR Monitor
Summary
Review Questions
DaimlerChrysler's OBD-II with Next-Generation Controller
Introduction
Freeze-Frame
Good Trip Counter
HO[subscript 2]S Response Monitor
Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor
Fuel System Lean/Rich Monitor
Misfire Monitor
EVAP and Purge Monitors
Summary
Review Questions
General Motors's OBD-II
Introduction
Diagnostic Executive
Comprehensive Components Monitor
Heated Oxygen Sensor Monitor
Catalyst Monitor
Misfire Monitor
Fuel Trim Monitors
Exhaust Gas Recirculation Monitor
Secondary Air-Injection Monitor
Evaporative Emissions System Monitor
Summary
Review Questions
Ford's OBD-II
Introduction
Catalyst Efficiency Monitor-Steady State
Catalyst Efficiency Monitor-Federal Test Procedure
Evaporative (EVAP) Emissions System Monitor
Misfire Monitor
Fuel System Monitoring
Heated Oxygen Sensor Monitor
Oxygen Sensor Heater Monitor
EGR System Monitoring
Secondary Air-Injection (Air) System Monitor
Comprehensive Components Monitor
Summary
Review Questions
Import OBD-II
Introduction
Evaporative Systems Monitor
Fuel Trim-System Too Lean
Fuel Trim-System Too Rich
System Too Rich
Misfire Monitor
Heated Oxygen Sensor Monitor
Oxygen Sensor Heated Monitor
A/F Sensor Monitor
Summary
Review Questions
Introduction to OBD-II Diagnostics
Introduction
OBD-I versus OBD-II Diagnostics
Generic Scan Tool Modes
Oxygen Sensor and Catalyst System Configurations
Summary
Review Questions
OBD-II Diagnostics-Drive Cycles
Introduction
Executing General Motors's Drive Cycle
Executing Ford's Drive Cycle
Executing Toyota's Drive Cycle
Summary
Review Questions
EVAP Leak Diagnosis
Introduction
Leak-Detection Pump Systems
Vacuum-Type Leak-Detection Testing
Summary
Review Questions
Alternative Fuel and Power Vehicles
Alternative Fuel Vehicles
Introduction
Alternative Gaseous Fuels
CNG and Propane Cylinder Codes
Flex Fuel Vehicles
Summary
Review Questions
Alternative Fuel System Service
Introduction
CNG Fuel System Modes of Operation
CNG Fuel-Delivery System Service
Summary
Review Questions
CNG Electrical Component Diagnostics and Service
Introduction
Fuel Low-Pressure Sensor Testing
Fuel Temperature Sensor Testing
Fuel Gauge Pressure Sensor Testing
High-Pressure Fuel Shutoff Solenoid Testing
Low-Pressure Fuel Shutoff Solenoid Testing
Fuel-Injector Testing
Summary
Review Questions
Vehicles with Alternative Power Sources
Introduction
Electric Vehicles
Hybrid Vehicles
Fuel Cells
Summary
Review Questions
Bilingual Glossary
Index

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