AIDS - Science and Society

ISBN-10: 1284025519
ISBN-13: 9781284025514
Edition: 7th 2014
List price: $96.95 Buy it from $26.15 Rent it from $17.96
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Description: Updated throughout with the latest findings on the AIDS virus, the Seventh Edition provides readers with the most current information available on the biology of the virus and the impact it has on society. The Seventh Edition of this best-selling  More...

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Book details

List price: $96.95
Edition: 7th
Copyright year: 2014
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC
Publication date: 2/22/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 248
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.50" tall
Weight: 1.056
Language: English

Updated throughout with the latest findings on the AIDS virus, the Seventh Edition provides readers with the most current information available on the biology of the virus and the impact it has on society. The Seventh Edition of this best-selling text provides readers with a solid overview of AIDS from both a biomedical and a psychosocial perspective. The authors cover the molecular and cellular aspects of the virus and the immune system's response to it, and examine epidemiology and its role in understanding HIV and AIDS. The use of understandable vocabulary and clear illustrations, along with updated biomedical data and the most current statistics on AIDS available, makes AIDS: Science and Society an engaging resource for students, researchers, and general readers.Key Features:-Revised data throughout on the immune system and its response to new antigens.-New content on the mutation and evolution of HIV during infection-The latest data on research towards a cure and the treatment of infected individuals-Includes current epidemiological data throughout

Preface
Introduction: An Overview of AIDS
AIDS in Brief
The AIDS Epidemic
Concepts of Infectious Disease and a History of Epidemics
Factors That Affect the Spread of Epidemics
Host and Virus Populations
The Transmission Rate
Population Densities and Infections
Chronic Infections
Controlling Infectious Diseases
A History of Epidemics
The Old World
The New World
Modern Concepts of Infectious Disease and Koch's Postulates
Epidemics in Modern Times
Syphilis: The Social Problems with a Sexually Transmitted Disease
Infections from Other Species
The Immune System
Blood
Cells of the Blood
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
The Lymphatic Circulation
Innate Immunity
Adaptive Immunity
B-Cells and Humoral Immunity: The Generation of Antibodies
Antibodies
How Do B-Lymphocytes Respond to New Antigens?
The Primary Immune Response
How Do Antibodies Fight Infections?
Immunological Memory
The Secondary Immune Response
Vaccines
Tolerance
T-Cells and Cell-Mediated Immunity
T<sub>killer</sub> Lymphocytes
T<sub>helper</sub> Lymphocytes
T-Lymphocyte Recognition of Antigen-Containing Cells
T-Cell Memory
Virology and HIV
A General Introduction to Viruses
What Are Viruses?
How Does a Virus Infect a Host?
A Typical Virus Infection Cycle
How Do We Treat Viral Infections?
The Life Cycle of a Retrovirus
The AIDS Virus: HIV
Features of HIV
The Nature of the HIV Receptor
Additional Genes
Killing of T<sub>helper</sub> Lymphocytes
Nonlytic Infection of Macrophages
Dendritic Cells and HIV
Co-Receptors for HIV
The Effects of HIV Infection in Individuals
The HIV Antibody Test
Potential Problems with the HIV Antibody Test
How Does HIV Evade the Immune System?
Azidothymidine (AZT): The First Effective Drug Treatment in HIV/AIDS
Limitations of AZT
Protease Inhibitors: Another Class of Drugs Against HIV
Where Did HIV Come From?
Clinical Manifestations and Treatment of AIDS
Exposure, Infection, and Disease
Exposure Versus Infection
Infection Versus Disease
HIV Infection in Untreated Individuals
Primary Infection and the Asymptomatic Period
Mononucleosis-Like Illness
Brain Infection (Encephalopathy)
The Asymptomatic Period
Initial Disease Symptoms
Damage to the Immune System and Full-Blown AIDS
AIDS
High Turnover of T<sub>helper</sub> Cells in AIDS Patients
Mutation and Evolution of HIV During Infection
Antiviral Drugs for HIV
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Integrase Inhibitors
Fusion Inhibitors
CCR5 Antagonists
Clinical Management of HIV-infected Individuals
Monitoring Infection and Disease
Antiretroviral Therapy (ART)
Limitations and Uncertainties in ART Therapies
Timing the Initiation of ART
Prophylaxis for Opportunistic Infections
ART in Prevention of HIV Infections
Epidemiology and AIDS
An Overview of Epidemiology and AIDS
Basic Concepts in Epidemiology
Descriptive Studies
Analytical Studies
Correlations
Criteria for a Causal Relationship
Epidemiology and AIDS in the United States
The Current Picture of AIDS in the United States
Epidemiology and Modes of HIV Transmission
The Effectiveness of AZT
The Changing Face of AIDS
AIDS Around the World
AIDS in Africa
AIDS in Asia
New Areas of Rapid Spread
HIV Subgroups and Clades
Modes of HIV Transmission and Personal Risk Factors
Biological Bases of HIV Transmission
Sources of Infectious HIV
Stability of HIV
Targets for HIV Infection
Modes of HIV Transmission
Activities Not Associated with HIV Transmission: Casual Contact
Activities Associated with HIV Transmission: Birth, Blood, and Sex
Individual Assessments of HIV Risk
Introduction to Individual Decision Making and Action
Risk Assessment
Normative Model
Subjective Probability Model
HIV Testing and Risk Assessment
Nature and Accuracy of the HIV Test
Testing Options
Prevention of AIDS
Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Models of Health Behavior Change
Health Belief Model
Health Decision Model
Precaution-Adoption Process Model
Principles of Health Behavior Change
The Cognitive Principle
The Emotional Principle
The Behavioral Principle
The Interpersonal Principle
The Social Ecological Principle
The Structural Principle
The Scientific Principle
Examples of HIV/AIDS Prevention Programs
AIDS Prevention Among Young Gay and Bisexual Men
AIDS Prevention Among Mexican Migrant Farm Workers
Living with AIDS: Human Dimensions
Theoretical Perspectives from Social Psychology
Role Theories
Cognitive Theories
Human Dimensions of HIV/AIDS
Confronting the News of Infection
Accepting the Reality of Infection
Opportunities and Challenges of Drug Therapies
Living with AIDS: Societal Dimensions
Theoretical Concepts
Prejudice
Discrimination
Societal Dimensions of HIV/AIDS
Needle Exchange for Injection Drug Users
HIV Prevention for Teens
Healthcare Practices
Future Directions in Combating AIDS
Future Directions for Biomedical Efforts
Prevention of Infection
Treatment of Infected Individuals
Future Directions for Social Efforts
Education
Research
A Final Note of Optimism: Time Is on Our Side
Glossary
Appendix: Reference Resources
Index

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