Courage of Truth The Government of Self and Others II - Lectures at the Coll�ge de France, 1983--1984

ISBN-10: 1250009103
ISBN-13: 9781250009104
Edition: N/A
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Description: The course given by Michel Foucault from February to March 1984, under the title The Courage of Truth, was his last at the College de France. The previous year, his lectures investigated the function of "truth telling" in politics in order to  More...

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Book details

List price: $23.00
Publisher: Picador
Publication date: 5/8/2012
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 384
Size: 5.25" wide x 8.50" long x 1.25" tall
Weight: 0.682
Language: English

The course given by Michel Foucault from February to March 1984, under the title The Courage of Truth, was his last at the College de France. The previous year, his lectures investigated the function of "truth telling" in politics in order to establish courage and conviction as ethical conditions for democracy irreducible to the formal rules of consensus. In this volume, he continues and radicalizes the analyses he had begun. Foucault died only two months after completing these lectures, but his discourse on what it means to speak truth to power serves as a profound conclusion to his life's work.

Michel Foucault was born on October 15, 1926, in Poitiers, France, and was educated at the Sorbonne, in Paris. He taught at colleges all across Europe, including the Universities of Lill, Uppsala, Hamburg, and Warsaw, before returning to France. There he taught at the University of Paris and the College of France, where he served as the chairman of History of Systems of Thought until his death. Regarded as one of the great French thinkers of the twentieth century, Foucault's interest was in the human sciences, areas such as psychiatry, language, literature, and intellectual history. He made significant contributions not just to the fields themselves, but to the way these areas are studied, and is particularly known for his work on the development of twentieth-century attitudes toward knowledge, sexuality, illness, and madness. Foucault's initial study of these subjects used an archaeological method, which involved sifting through seemingly unrelated scholarly minutia of a certain time period in order to reconstruct, analyze, and classify the age according to the types of knowledge that were possible during that time. This approach was used in Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason, for which Foucault received a medal from France's Center of Scientific Research in 1961, The Birth of the Clinic, The Order of Things, and The Archaeology of Knowledge. Foucault also wrote Discipline and Punishment: The Birth of the Prison, a study of the ways that society's views of crime and punishment have developed, and The History of Sexuality, which was intended to be a six-volume series. Before he could begin the final two volumes, however, Foucault died of a neurological disorder in 1984.

MICHEL FOUCAULT acknowledged as the pre-eminent philosopher of France in the 1970s and 1980s, continues to have enormous impact throughout the world in many disciplines. ARNOLD I. DAVIDSON is the Robert O. Anderson Distinguished Service Professor at the University of Chicago, USAnbsp;and Professor of the History of Political Philosophy at the University of Pisa, Italy. He is co-editor of the volume Michel Foucault: Philosophie . GRAHAM BURCHELL is Translator, and has written essays on Michel Foucault. He is an Editor of The Foucault Effect .

Foreword
1 February 1984: First Hour
Epistemological structures and alethurgic forms.
Genealogy of the study of parrhesia: practices of truth-telling about oneself.
The master of existence in the domain of the care of self.
Its main defining feature: parrhesia.
Reminder of the political origin of the notion.
Double value of parrhesia.
Structural features: truth, commitment, and risk.
The parrhesiastic pact.
Parrhesia versus rhetoric.
Parrhesia as a specific modality of truth-telling.
Differential study of two other kinds of truth-telling in ancient culture: prophecy and wisdom.
Heraclitus and Socrates.
1 February 1984: Second Hour
The truth-telling of the technician.
The object of parrhesiastic truth-telling: ethos.
The composition of four truth-tellings in Socrates.
Philosophical truth-telling as joining together of the functions of wisdom and parrhesia.
Preaching and the university in the Middle Ages.
A new combinatorial structure of truth-telling.
The reconfiguration of the four modalities of veridiction in the modern epoch.
3
Parrhesia in Euripides: a privilege of the well-born citizen.
Criticism of democratic parrhesia: harmful for the city and dangerous for the person who exercises it.
Socrates' political reserve.
The blackmail-challenge of Demosthenes.
The impossibility of ethical differentiation in democracy: the example of the Constitution of the Athenians.
Four principles of Greek political thought.
The Platonic reversal.
Aristotelian hesitation.
The problem of ostracism.
8 February 1984: Second Hour
Truth and the tyrant.
The example of Hiero.
The, example of Pisistratus.
Psukhe as site of ethical differentiation.
Return to Plato's Letter VII.
Isocrates' speech to Nicocles.
The transformation of a democratic into an autocratic parrhesia.
Specificity of philosophical discourse.
15 February 1984: First Hour
The danger of forgetfulness of self.
Socrates' refusal of political commitment.
Solon confronting Pisistratus.
The risk of death: the story of the Generals of the Arginusae and Leon of Salamis.
The Delphic oracle.
Socrates' response to the oracle: verification and inquiry.
Object of the mission: the care of self.
Irreducibility of Socratic veridiction.
Emergence of a specifically ethical parrhesia.
The cycle of Socrates' death as ethical foundation of the care of self.
15 February 1984: Second Hour
Socrates' last words.
The great classical interpretations.
Dum�zil's dissatisfaction.
Life is not a disease.
The solutions of Wilamowitz and Cumont.
Crito cured of general opinion.
False opinion as disease of the soul.
The objections of Cebes and Simmias to the immortality of the soul.
The joint commitment of souls in discourse.
Return to the care of self.
Socrates' testament.
22 February 1984: First Hour
Etymological questions around epimeleia.
Dum�zil's method and its extension.
Plato's Laches: reasons for choosing this text.
The pact of frankness.
The problem of the education of children.
The contradictory judgments of Laches and Nicias on the demonstration of armed combat.
The question of technical competence according to Socrates.
Socrates' reversal of the dialectical game.
22 February 1984: Second Hour
Socrates and the complete and continuous examination of oneself.
Bios as object of Socratic parrhesia.
The symphony of discourse and action.
Conclusions of the dialogue: final submission to the logos.
29 February 1984: First Hour
The circle of truth and courage.
Comparison of the Alcibiades and the Laches.
Metaphysics of the soul and aesthetics of existence.
The true life and the beautiful life.
The articulation of truth-telling on mode of life in Cynicism.
Parrhesia as the major characteristic of the Cynic: texts from Epictetus, Diogenes Laertius, and Lucian.
Definition of the relationship between truth-telling and mode of life: instrumental, reductive, and test functions.
Life as theater of truth.
29 February 1984: Second Hour
Hypotheses concerning the descendants of Cynicism.
Religious descendants: Christian asceticism.
Political descendants: revolution as style of existence.
Aesthetic descendants: modern art.
Anti-Platonism and anti-Aristotelianism of modern art.
7 March 1984: First Hour
Bibliographical information.
Two contrasting Cynic characters: Demetrius and Peregrinus.
Two contrasting presentations of Cynicism: as imposture or universal of philosophy.
Doctrinal narrowness and broad social presence of Cynicism.
Cynic teaching as armature of life.
The theme of the two ways.
Traditionality of doctrine and traditionality of existence.
Philosophical heroism.
Goethe's Faust.
7 March 1984: Second Hour
The problem of the true life.
The four meanings of truth: unconcealed; unalloyed; straight (droit); unchanging.
The four meanings of true love in Plato.
The four meanings of the true life in Plato.
The motto of Diogenes: "Change the volue of the currency."
14 March 1984: First Hour
The Cynic paradox, or Cynicism as scandalous banality of philosophy.
Eclecticism with reverse effect.
The three forms of courage of truth.
The problem of the philosophical life.
Traditional components of the philosophical life: armature for life; care of self; useful knowledge; conformable life.
Interpretations of the Cynic precept: transform the values.
The label "dog."
The two lines of development of the true life: Alcibiades or Laches.
14 March 1984: Second Hour
The unconcealed life: Stoic version and Cynic transvaluation.
The traditional interpretation of the unalloyed life: independence and purity.
Cynic poverty: real, active, and indefinite. The pursuit of dishonor.
Cynic humiliation and Christian humility.
Cynic reversal ofthe straight life.
The scandal of animality.
21 March 1984: First Hour
The Cynic reversal of the true life into an other life (Vie autre).
The traditional sense of the sovereign life: the helpful and exemplary sage.
The theme of the philosopher king.
The Cynic transformation: the confrontation between Diogenes and Alexander.
Praise of Heracles.
The idea of philosophical, militancy.
The king of derision.
The hidden king.
21 March 1984: Second Hour
Reading of Epictetus on the Cynic life (Book III, xxii).
Stoic elements of the portrait.
The philosophical life: from rational choice to divine vocation.
Ascetic practice as verification.
Ethical elements of the Cynic mission: endurance, vigilance, inspection.
The responsibility for humanity.
Government of the world.
28 March 1984: First Hour
The two aspects of the Cynic life as sovereign life: bliss and manifestation of truth.
The Cynic standpoint: conformity to the truth, self-knowledge, and supervision of others.
The transformation of self and the world.
Transition to Christian asceticism: continuities.
Differences: the other world and the principle of obedience.
28 March 1984: Second Hour
The use of the term parrhesia in the first pre-Christian texts: human and divine modalities.
Parrhesia in the New Testament: confident faith and openness of heart.
Parrhesia in the Fathers: insolence.
Development of an anti-parrhesiastic pole: suspicious knowledge of self .
The truth of life as condition of access to an other world (un monde autre).
Course Context
Index of concepts and notions
Index of names

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