Big Questions A Short Introduction to Philosophy

ISBN-10: 1133610641
ISBN-13: 9781133610649
Edition: 9th 2014
List price: $164.95
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Description: Solomon and Higgins's engaging text covers philosophy's central ideas in an accessible, approachable manner. You'll explore timeless "big questions" about the self, God, justice, and other meaningful topics, gaining the context you need for an  More...

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Book details

List price: $164.95
Edition: 9th
Copyright year: 2014
Publisher: Wadsworth
Publication date: 2/12/2013
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 464
Size: 6.50" wide x 9.25" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.540
Language: English

Solomon and Higgins's engaging text covers philosophy's central ideas in an accessible, approachable manner. You'll explore timeless "big questions" about the self, God, justice, and other meaningful topics, gaining the context you need for an understanding of the foundational issues, as well as the confidence to establish your own informed positions on these "big questions."

Robert C. Solomon is the Quincy Lee Centennial Professor of Philosophy and Distinguished Teaching Professor at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author of, among many other books,From Hegel to Existentialism. Kathleen M. Higgins is a professor of philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin and the author ofNietzsche's Zarathustra. Together, Solomon and Higgins have writtenA Short History of PhilosophyandReading Nietzsche. They live in Austin. From the Hardcover edition.

Introduction: Doing Philosophy
Beyond Buzzwords
Articulation and Argument: Two Crucial Features of Philosophy
Concepts and Conceptual Frameworks
Doing Philosophy with Style
A Little Logic
Criticizing Arguments
Closing Questions
Suggested Readings
Philosophical Questions
What is Philosophy?
Opening Questions
Suggested Readings
The Meaning of Life
Opening Questions
What Kind of Meaning?
Children as Meaning
God as Meaning
Afterlife as Meaning
No Meaning at All
The Meanings of Life
Life as a Game
Life as a Story
Life as Tragedy
Life as Comedy
Life as a Mission
Life as Art
Life as an Adventure
Life as Disease
Life as Desire
Life as Nirvana
Life as Altruism
Life as Honor
Life as Learning
Life as Suffering
Life as an Investment
Life as Relationships
Closing Questions
Suggested Readings
Opening Questions
Believing in God
Gods and Goddesses
The Traditional Western Conceptions of God
God as Transcendent
God as Immanent
God as Totally Immanent Pantheism
God as Universal Spirit
God as Process
God as Transcendent Creator: Deism
God as the Unknown Object of Faith
God as a Moral Being
The Problem of Evil
Denial of God
Two Kinds of Evil
Denial of Evil
The Least of the Evils
The Aesthetic Solution
The Free-Will Solution
Justice in the Afterlife
God's "Mysterious Ways"
Working Out an Answer
Faith and Reason: Grounds for Believing
The Cosmological Argument
The Argument from Design
The Ontological Argument
Rational Faith
Pascal's Wager
Irrational Faith
Religious Tolerance: Ritual, Tradition, and Spirituality
Closing Questions
Suggested Readings
The Nature of Reality
Opening Questions
The Real World
What Is Most Real?
The Reality Behind the Appearances
The Basis of Metaphysics
The First Metaphysicians
The Pre-Socratic Materialists
Early Nonphysical Views of Reality
Plato's Forms
Aristotle's Metaphysics
Mind and Metaphysics
Ren� Descartes
Baruch Spinoza
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
Metaphysics and the Everyday World
Closing Questions
Suggested Readings
The Search for Truth
Opening Questions
What Is True?
Two Kinds of Truth
Empirical Truth
Necessary Truth
Rationalism and Empiricism
The Presuppositions of Knowledge
Ren� Descartes and the Method of Doubt
David Hume's Skepticism
The Resolution of Skepticism: Immanuel Kant
Knowledge, Truth, and Science
The Nature of Truth
The Coherence Theory of Truth
The Pragmatic Theory of Truth
Why Be Rational?
Subjective Truth and the Problem of Relativism
Closing Questions
Suggested Readings
Opening Questions
The Essential Self
Self as Body, Self as Consciousness
The Self and Its Emotions
The Egocentric Predicament
The Mind-Body Problem
Identity Theory and Eliminative Materialism
Against the Mind-Body Problem
Other Theories of the Self
The Self as a Choice
No Self, Many Selves
The Self as Social
The Self and Relationships
Closing Questions
Suggested Readings
Opening Questions
Freedom and the Good Life
Why Is Freedom So Important to Us?
What Is Political Freedom?
Concepts of Self and Our Notions of Freedom
Free Will and Determinism
Determinism Versus Indeterminism
The Role of Consciousness
Compatibilism, or Soft Determinism
In Defense of Freedom
Closing Questions
Suggested Readings
Morality and the Good Life
Opening Questions
Moral Philosophy
The Good Life
Power and Creativity
Egoism Versus Altruism
Morality and Theories of Morality
Duty-Defined Morality
Immanuel Kant and the Authority of Reason
Consequentialist Theories
Utilitarianism: Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill
Aristotle and the Ethics of Virtue
Feminist Ethics: The Ethics of Care
Morality-Relative or Absolute?
Friedrich Nietzsche and the Attack on Morality
Closing Questions
Suggested Readings
Justice and the Good Society
Opening Questions
Morals and Society
The Nature of Society
Who Should Rule? The Question of Legitimacy
Anarchism, the Free Market, and the Need for Government
What Is Justice?
The Meaning of Equality
The Origins of Justice and the Social Contract
Justice beyond Our Borders
Rights and the Self
Justice Denied: The Problem of Race
Sexual Politics: The Rise of Feminist Philosophy
Women and the Body
Plato: Patriarch or Early Feminist?
Feminist Epistemology and Feminist Science
Feminist Philosophy of Language
Closing Questions
Suggested Readings
Non-Western Philosophy
Opening Questions
Beyond the Western Tradition
The Challenges of Broadening Our Horizons
Other Cultures, Other Philosophies
Native American Philosophy
African Philosophy
Latin American Philosophy
Middle Eastern Philosophy
South Asian Philosophy
East Asian Philosophy
Closing Questions
Suggested Readings
Opening Questions
Beauty and Truth
Enjoying Tragedy
Arguing About Taste
Art, Ethics, and Religion
Why Is It Art?
The Aesthetics of Popular Culture
Closing Questions
Suggested Readings
Writing Philosophy
The Rules of Good Writing in Philosophy
Write Simply
Be Clear
Be Human
Use Examples
Argue Your Point
Consider the Objections and Alternatives
Define Your Specialized Terms
Use the History of Philosophy
Indirect Styles
Dialogue Style
Ironic Style
Aphoristic Style
Suggested Readings
Deductive Logic Valid Argument Forms
Common Informal Fallacies
Informal Fallacies
Mere Assertion
Begging the Question
Vicious Circle
Ad Hominem Arguments
Unclear or Shifting Conclusions
Changing Meanings
Dubious Authority
Slippery Slope
Attacking a Straw Man
Pity (and Other Emotional Appeals)
Appeal to Force

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