Disability,Society and the Individual

ISBN-10: 0944480284

ISBN-13: 9780944480281

Edition: 2003

Authors: Julie Smart

List price: $54.00
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Book details

List price: $54.00
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: PRO-ED, Incorporated
Binding: Paperback
Size: 7.25" wide x 10.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.518
Language: English

Acknowledgments
Abbreviations and Terms List
Introduction
Definitions of Disability
Defining Disability
Does Anyone Know What "Normal" Is?
The Link Between the Academic Discipline of Statistics and Eugenics
Categorizing Disabilities
Physical Disabilities
Intellectual Disabilities
Cognitive Disabilities
Psychiatric Disabilities
Does Everyone Have a Disability of Some Sort?
There Are More Disabilities Than Ever Before
Models of Disability: The Medical Model, The Environmental Model, and The Functional Model
What Are Models of Disability?
Models of Disability, American Legislation, and Agencies That Serve Persons with Disabilities
Dichotomy or Continuum?
Additional Categories of Disabilities
The Americans with Disabilities Act: Equal Opportunity Under the Law
The ADA Definition of Disability
Results of the ADA
Talking about Disability
Labels That Attempt To Describe All Those Different from the Majority
Society and Disability
Sources of Prejudice and Discrimination, Part 1
Societal Prejudices Often Become Self-Identifiers
Prejudice against People with Disabilities Today in the United States
The Outcomes of the ADA
The Economic Threat
The Safety Threat
The Ambiguity of Disability
The Salience of the Perceived Defining Nature of the Disability
Spread or Overgeneralization
Sources of Prejudice and Discrimination, Part 2
Moral Accountability for the Cause of Disability
Moral Accountability for the Management of the Disability
The Inferred Emotional Consequence of the Disability, or Difficult Does Not Mean Tragic
Society's Emphasis on Health, Fitness, and Beauty
Fear of Acquiring a Disability or Existential Angst, or "There But for the Grace of God Go I"
Three Societal Responses to Disability
Civil Rights for PWDs
What is Justice?
The Effects of Prejudice and Discrimination
Are Disabilities Viewed as Difference or as Deviance?
Are PWDs "Differently Challenged"?
Do Disabilities Always Lead to Social Inferiority?
Handicapism
The Handicapism of Well-Intentioned People
The Contact Theory
Equal Social Status Contact
Perceptions of the Disability That May Be Associated with Prejudice
The Degree of Visibility of the Disability
Other Factors That Influence the Perception of PWDs
"Disabled Heroes" or "Super Crips"
The Drawbacks To Having Disabled Heroes
Aesthetic Qualities of the Disability
Impression Management
Simulation Exercises
Experiencing Prejudice and Discrimination
Introduction
Stereotyping
Role Entrapment
Lowered Expectations, or "Let's Give Those Poor Disabled People a Break"
Lack of Privacy
Hypervisibility and Overobservation
Solo Status
Token Status
Paternalism
Infantilization
Viewing PWDs as Objects
Viewing PWDs as Animals
Unnecessary Dependence
Equal Social Status Relationships
Second-Class Citizenship (For Which Americans Must Assume Collective Responsibility)
The Individual and Disability
The Individual's Response to Disability
View from the Outside Versus Life on the Inside
Acceptance of Disability or Response to Disability
What Is a "Good" Response to a Disability?
Cognitive Restructuring
What Is a Poor Response to a Disability?
Secondary Gains, Malingering, and Psychogenic Pain Disorder
Problems in Measuring an Individual's Response to a Disability
The Stage Model of Adaptation to Disability
The Stages of Response in Disability
Advantages of the Stage Theory
Cautions in Implementing the Stage Theory
First-Person Narratives of People with Disabilities
Acceptance of Disability Scale
The Onset and Diagnosis of the Disability
Factors That Affect the Impact of the Onset of Disability
Time of Onset
Parents of Children with Congenital Disabilities
Atypical Childhood Experiences
Hearing Children of Parents Who Are Deaf
Prelingual Deafness
Congenital Blindness or Blindness Acquired in Infancy
Residential Schools
Acquired Disabilities
The Developmental Stage of Acquisition
Type of Onset
The Impact of a Long Prediagnosis Period
Other Factors of the Disability
The Course of the Disability
The Phases or Stages of the Course of the Disability
Degenerating Episodic Disabilities
Communication Difficulties
The Meaning of the Loss of Functioning
Severity of the Disability
Quality of Life
Pain and Trauma of the Disability
Chronic Pain
Psychogenic Pain Disorder
More About Pain
The Degree of Stigma Directed toward the Disability
The Degree of Visibility of the Disability
Degree of Disfigurement of the Disability
Body Image
Disfigurements as Social Handicaps
The Treatment of Individuals with Disfiguring Disabilities
Treatment
The Perspective of the Client/Consumer
What Do PWDs Want from Professional Care Providers?
Conclusion
List of Sources
Index
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