Preserving the Nation The Conservation and Environmental Movements, 1870-2000

ISBN-10: 0882952544
ISBN-13: 9780882952543
Edition: 2007
List price: $27.95 Buy it from $20.07
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Description: Wellock explores the international, rural, and industrial roots of modern environmentalism that emerged in the last half of the nineteenth century -- three related movements in response to a rapidly expanding economy and population that depleted the  More...

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Book details

List price: $27.95
Copyright year: 2007
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 4/17/2007
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 308
Size: 5.50" wide x 8.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 0.814
Language: English

Wellock explores the international, rural, and industrial roots of modern environmentalism that emerged in the last half of the nineteenth century -- three related movements in response to a rapidly expanding economy and population that depleted the nation's resources, damaged land in rural areas, and blighted cities. The first group favoured the conservation and efficient management of natural resources for production. The second, the preservationists, sought to protect scenic and wilderness areas and to sustain the spirit of the nation's pioneer heritage and virility. The third group, the urban environmentalists, sought reform to control industrial pollution and retard urban decay. Politically powerful and widely admired, resource management overshadowed the other two movements until the 1950s. After World War II, the two less-powerful strands of the movement, preservationism and urban environmentalism, wove into one, as the accelerating effects of affluence, scientific discovery, Cold War concerns, and suburbanisation led the public to value outdoor amenities and a healthy environment. This renamed 'environmental' movement focused less on efficient use of resources and more on creating healthy ecosystems and healthy people free of risks from pollution and hazardous wastes. By 1970, environmentalism enjoyed widespread popular support and bipartisan appeal. What all three movements always shared was a common recognition of the limits of America's natural resources and environment, a belief in preserving them for generations to come, and a faith in at least some government environmental action rather than relying purely on private solutions. Not only does the history of these movements bring to light much about the expanding role of government in environmental regulation and the growth of the modern American state, but a look at environmental campaigns over the course of the twentieth century reveals a great deal about the racial, gender, and class divisions at work in the ongoing efforts to preserve the environment. Accessible, insightful, and highly affordable, 'Preserving the Nation' makes an ideal core text for use in courses in Environmental History as well as thought-provoking supplemental reading for Twentieth-century America and the US survey.

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Roots and Progressive Era Conservation
Early Conservation in the Country and City
Preserving the Urban Environment
The Lungs of a City
National Conservation
Preserving America’s Wildlife and Lands
The Battle for Hetch Hetchy
Sanitary Reform
Conclusion
Endnotes
Environmental Reform in the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s
Natural Resource Conservation in a Conservative Era: 1921-1933
New Deal Conservation
Pollution Control
The Wilderness Debate
Toward a Land Ethic
Conclusion
Endnotes
The Emergence of an Environmental Movement, 1945-1973
Air Pollution Issues, 1945-1965
Damming a National Movement
The Wilderness Act of 1964 and the Fight for the Grand Canyon
Of Nukes and Pests: Fallout and Silent Spring
Women in the Movement
After Silent Spring
Legislative Victories
Conclusion
Endnotes
Institutionalizing Environmentalism and Protecting Gains, 1970s to 1990s
The Energy Crisis
The Antinuclear Movement and Appropriate Technology
The Endangered Species Act and Wildlife Preservation
Ecosystem Protection: The Everglades and Marjory Stoneman Douglas
The Love Canal and Toxic Waste
The Reagan Revolution
The Third Wave and Alternative Movements
Environmental Politics after Reagan
Conclusion
Endnotes
Bibliographical Essays
Index

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