Principles of Conservation Biology

ISBN-10: 0878935185
ISBN-13: 9780878935185
Edition: 3rd 2004
List price: $92.95
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Description: Completely revised, the 3rd edition of this textbook has been expanded to emphasise both terrestrial and marine conservation issues as well as efforts in the US and across the globe.

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Book details

List price: $92.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2004
Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated
Binding: Hardcover
Pages: 779
Size: 5.75" wide x 11.50" long x 1.50" tall
Weight: 4.686
Language: English

Completely revised, the 3rd edition of this textbook has been expanded to emphasise both terrestrial and marine conservation issues as well as efforts in the US and across the globe.

Conceptual Foundations for Conservation Biology
What Is Conservation Biology?
Expanding Human Demands on Earth
Responding to Global Change: The Field of Conservation Biology
A Brief History of Conservation Biology
Conservation in the United States
Guiding Principles for Conservation Biology
Pervasive Aspects of Conservation Biology Efforts
A Final Word
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Global Biodiversity: Patterns and Processes
What Is Biodiversity and Why Is it Important?
Components of Biodiversity
How Many Species Are There?
Diversity of Higher Taxa
Diversity of Biological Communities
Ecosystem and Biome Diversity, and the World's Ecoregions
Species Richness over Geological Time
Patterns of Endemism
Latitudinal Gradients in Species Richness
Species Richness-Energy Relationships
Disturbance and Species Richness
The Future of Biodiversity Studies
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Threats to Biodiversity
Major Threats to Biodiversity and Their Interaction
Anthropogenic Extinctions and Their Community and Ecosystem Impacts
Current Patterns of Global Endangerment
What Types of Species Are Most Vulnerable to Extinction?
Responses to the Biodiversity Crisis
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Conservation Values and Ethics
The Value of Biodiversity
Monetizing the Value of Biodiversity
Conservation Ethics
Biocentrism
Ecocentrism
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Ecological Economics and Nature Conservation
Why Do We Need Ecological Economics?
Cost-Benefit Analysis and its Application to Conservation
What Kind of Values Does Biodiversity Have?
Converting Biodiversity's Value into Monetary Terms
Project Assessment in CBA
Alternative Decision-Making Methods for the Environment
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Focus on Primary Threats to Biodiversity
Habitat Degradation and Loss
What Constitutes Habitat Degradation and When Is Habitat "Lost"?
Patterns of Habitat Transformation on Land and In the Sea
Human Activities That Cause Habitat Degradation
Pollution as a Form of Habitat Degradation
Protecting What's Left: Approaches to Global Habitat Conservation
Conservation of Habitats: The How
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Habitat Fragmentation
Fragmentation and Heterogeneity
The Fragmentation Process
Biological Consequences of Fragmentation
Nested Species Distribution Patterns
Species Vulnerable to Fragmentation
Fragmentation versus Habitat Loss, and Regional Differences
The Problem of Climate Change
Conclusions and Recommendations
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Overexploitation
History of, and Motivations for, Exploitation
Impacts of Exploitation on Target Species
Impacts of Exploitation on Nontarget Species and Ecosystems
Biological Theory of Sustainable Exploitation
Comparison of Methods for Calculating Sustainable Yields
Sustainable Use Meets Biodiversity
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Species Invasions
What Are the Conservation Implications of Introduced Species?
What Are the Impacts of Invasions?
What Factors Determine Whether a Nonnative Species Becomes Invasive?
How Are Species Introduced?
How Do We Manage Species Invasions?
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Biological Impacts of Climate Change
The Nature of Climate Change
Current and Future Climate Change
Predicted Biological Impacts
Observed Biological Impacts of Climate Change
Conservation Implications of Climate Change
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Conservation Genetics: The Use and Importance of Genetic Information
Genetic Variation: What Is It and Why Is It Important?
Why Is Genetic Diversity Important?
Forces that Affect Genetic Variation within Populations
Using Conservation Genetics to Inform Management
Identifying and Prioritizing Groups for Conservation
Genetic Information and Design and Implementation of Breeding Strategies
Analyses of Parentage and Systems of Mating
Forensics and Species or Population Identification
Individual Identification and Estimation of Population size
Understanding Effects of Population Exploitation on Levels of Genetic Diversity
Limitations of Using Genetics in Conservation Planning
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Approaches to Solving Conservation Problems
Species and Landscape Approaches to Conservation
Populations and How They Change
Modeling Approaches for Prediction and Conservation Planning
Challenges and Opportunities of Conservation at the Landscape Scale
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Ecosystem Approaches to Conservation: Responses to a Complex World
Key Elements of an Ecosystem Approach
Biophysical Ecosystems as Appropriate Management Units
Understanding Ecosystem Dynamics and Resilience
Adaptive Management: Preparing for Change in Conservation Practice
Should Ecosystem Approaches Mimic Natural Processes?
The Critical Role of Participatory Decision-Making Processes
Future Directions in Ecosystem-Based Conservation
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Protected Areas: Goals, Limitations, and Design
The Current State of Protected Areas
Types of Protected Areas
Management Effectiveness of Protected Areas
The Need for Reserve Systems
Approaches to Planning Reserve Systems
Confronting Threats in Protected Areas
Incorporating Social and Cultural Contexts
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Restoration of Damaged Ecosystems and Endangered Populations
Ecological Restoration
Animal Reintroduction
Restoration in Marine Environments
Environmental Regulations that Drive Restoration Practice
Concluding Thoughts
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Sustainable Development
What Is Sustainable Development?
How Successful Are Sustainable Development Projects at Conserving Biodiversity?
How Can We Best Promote Sustainability?
Summary
Questions for Discussion
The Integration of Conservation Science and Policy: The Pursuit of Knowledge Meets the Use of Knowledge
The Need for Translational Scientists at the Interface of Science and Policy
The Interface between the Pursuit and Use of Scientific Knowledge in Conservation
What Is Conservation Policy?
Who Makes Conservation Policy? Breaking the Science-Policy Barrier
Dealing with Uncertainty and Risk through Adaptive Management
Being a Conservation Scientist in the Real World
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Meeting Conservation Challenges in the Twenty-First Century
Countering the Impacts on Biodiversity from Poverty in Many Countries and Over-Consumption in a Few Countries
Working with Uncertainty in Ecological, Social, Economic, and Political Systems
Are Conservation Efforts Succeeding and How Can We Improve?
Influencing People's Habits: Reducing Destructive Impacts
Our Decisions Will Determine the Fate of Biodiversity
Summary
Questions for Discussion
Glossary
Bibliography
Index

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