Primer of Ecology

ISBN-10: 0878932739

ISBN-13: 9780878932733

Edition: 3rd 2001

List price: $34.95
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Description:

Including both simple and more advanced problems, this is a concise but detailed exposition of the most common mathematical models in population and community ecology.
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Book details

List price: $34.95
Edition: 3rd
Copyright year: 2001
Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated
Publication date: 1/1/2001
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 265
Size: 6.00" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.210

Preface to the Third Edition
Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
To the Student
Exponential Population Growth
Model Presentation and Predictions
Elements of Population Growth
Projecting Population Size
Calculating Doubling Time
Model Assumptions
Model Variations
Continuous versus Discrete Population Growth
Environmental Stochasticity
Demographic Stochasticity
Empirical Examples
Pheasants of Protection Island
Grizzly Bears of Yellowstone National Park
Problems
Logistic Population Growth
Model Presentation and Predictions
Density Dependence
Carrying Capacity
Model Assumptions
Model Variations
Time Lags
Discrete Population Growth
Random Variation in Carrying Capacity
Periodic Variation in Carrying Capacity
Empirical Examples
Song Sparrows of Mandarte Island
Population Dynamics of Subtidal Ascidians
Logistic Growth and the Collapse of Fisheries Populations
Problems
Age-Structured Population Growth
Model Presentation and Predictions
Exponential Growth with Age Structure
Notation for Ages and Age Classes
The Fecundity Schedule [b(x)]
Fecundity Schedules in Nature
The Survivorship Schedule [l(x)]
Survival Probability [g(x)]
Survivorship Schedules in Nature
Calculating Net Reproductive Rate (R[subscript 0])
Calculating Generation Time (G)
Calculating Intrinsic Rate of Increase (r)
Describing Population Age Structure
Calculating Survival Probabilities for Age Classes (P[subscript i])
Calculating Fertilities for Age Classes (F[subscript i])
The Leslie Matrix
Stable and Stationary Age Distributions
Model Assumptions
Model Variations
Derivation of the Euler Equation
Reproductive Value
Life History Strategies
Stage- and Size-Structured Population Growth
Empirical Examples
Life Tables for Ground Squirrels
Stage Projection Matrices for Teasel
Problems
Metapopulation Dynamics
Model Presentation and Predictions
Metapopulations and Extinction Risk
A Model of Metapopulation Dynamics
Model Assumptions
Model Variations
The Island-Mainland Model
Internal Colonization
The Rescue Effect
Other Variations
Empirical Examples
The Checkerspot Butterfly
Heathland Carabid Beetles
Problems
Competition
Model Presentation and Predictions
Competitive Interactions
The Lotka-Volterra Competition Model
Competition Coefficients
Equilibrium Solutions
The State Space
Graphical Solutions to the Lotka-Volterra Competition Model
The Principle of Competitive Exclusion
Model Assumptions
Model Variations
Intraguild Predation
Empirical Examples
Competition between Intertidal Sandflat Worms
The Shape of a Gerbil Isocline
Problems
Predation
Model Presentation and Predictions
Modeling Prey Population Growth
Modeling Predator Population Growth
Equilibrium Solutions
Graphical Solutions to the Lotka-Volterra Predation Model
Model Assumptions
Model Variations
Incorporating a Victim Carrying Capacity
Modifying the Functional Response
The Paradox of Enrichment
Incorporating Other Factors in the Victim Isocline
Modifying the Predator Isocline
Empirical Examples
Population Cycles of Hare and Lynx
Population Cycles of Red Grouse
Problems
Island Biogeography
Model Presentation and Predictions
The Species-Area Relationship
The Habitat Diversity Hypothesis
The Equilibrium Model of Island Biogeography
Model Assumptions
Model Variations
Nonlinear Immigration and Extinction Curves
Area and Distance Effects
The Rescue Effect
The Target Effect
The Passive Sampling Model
Empirical Examples
Insects of Mangrove Islands
Breeding Birds of Eastern Wood
Breeding Birds of the Pymatuning Lake Islands
Problems
Succession
Model Presentation and Predictions
Three Verbal Models of Succession
Matrix Models of Succession
Setting the Stages
Specifying the Time Step
Constructing the Stage Vector
Constructing the Transition Matrix
Loop Diagrams
Projecting Community Change
Determining the Equilibrium
Stage Vectors and Transition Matrices: Two Interpretations
Model Assumptions
Model Variations
Successional Models Revisited
Facilitation Model
Inhibition model
Tolerance Model
Model Comparisons
Other Models
Empirical Examples
Markovian Dynamics of Desert Vegetation
Models of Coral Reef Succession
Problems
Appendix
Constructing a Population Model
The Derivative: The Velocity of a Population
Modeling Population Growth
Solving for the Equilibrium
Analyzing the Stability of the Equilibrium
The Integral: Projecting Population Growth
Solutions to Problems
Glossary
Literature Cited
Index
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