Primer of Ecological Genetics

ISBN-10: 087893202X
ISBN-13: 9780878932023
Edition: 2003
List price: $34.95
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Description: This work covers basic concepts in population and quantitative genetics, including measuring selection on phenotypic traits. The emphasis is one material applicable to field studies of evolution focusing on ecologically important traits.

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Book details

List price: $34.95
Copyright year: 2003
Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated
Binding: Paperback
Pages: 304
Size: 6.25" wide x 9.00" long x 0.75" tall
Weight: 1.364
Language: English

This work covers basic concepts in population and quantitative genetics, including measuring selection on phenotypic traits. The emphasis is one material applicable to field studies of evolution focusing on ecologically important traits.

Preface
Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Symbols
Introduction
What is Ecological Genetics?
Overview of the Book
Basic Genetic Terms
Population genetics I: Genetic variation, random and nonrandom mating
What is Population Genetics?
What are populations and why are they important?
Genetic Variation
Measuring Genetic Variation: Genetic Markers
Visible polymorphisms
Molecular markers
Protein electrophoresis
DNA markers
Measuring Genetic Variation: Simple Summary Statistics
Organization of Genetic Variation within Populations
Random mating
Assumptions of the Hardy-Weinberg model
What Is a Model?
Deriving the Hardy-Weinberg equations
Uses of the Hardy-Weinberg Model: Tests for Departure from HWE
A Brief Introduction to Statistics
Recessive alleles hidden in heterozygotes
Nonrandom Mating
Assortative mating
Inbreeding
Problems
Suggested Readings
Chapter References
Population genetics II: Changes in allele frequency
Mutation
Migration
Genetic Drift
Random genetic drift
Population differentiation
F-statistics
Calculation of F-statistics
Effective population size (N[subscript e])
Inbreeding with random mating in small populations
Natural Selection: Selection on Genotypes
Example of Inbreeding Depression Due to Genetic Drift
Fitness
How does selection at one locus change allele frequencies at that locus?
Overdominance or heterozygote advantage
Frequency dependent selection
Population Genetics: Synthesis
Interactions Between the Four Evolutionary Forces
Mutation-selection balance
Selection vs. migration
Selection vs. genetic drift
Migration vs. genetic drift
Methods of measuring gene flow
Selection, genetic drift, and gene flow: Wright's shifting balance theory
Problems
Suggested Readings
Suggested Readings Questions
Chapter References
Quantitative genetics I: Genetic variation
Mendelian Basis of Continuous Traits
Different types of gene action
How can we quantify gene action?
Population mean
Population variance
Breeding value
Heritability
Estimating Additive Variance and Heritability
Offspring-parent regression
Regression Details
Maternal and paternal effects
Sibling analyses
Analysis of Variance (ANOVA)
Comparison of methods
Problems
Suggested Readings
Suggested Readings Questions
Chapter References
Quantitative genetics II: Advanced topics
Phenotypic Plasticity and Genotype-by-Environment Interaction
Two-Way ANOVA
Multiple Subpopulations--Differentiation vs. Adaptive Plasticity
Correlations Among Traits
Sources of genetic covariance among traits
What can cause linkage disequilibrium?
Mechanisms of genetic correlations in nature
Artificial Selection
Advantages and disadvantages of artificial selection
QTL Mapping
Problems
Suggested Readings
Suggested Readings Questions
Chapter References
Natural selection on phenotypes
The Chicago School Approach to Phenotypic Evolution
Selective Agents and Targets
Multiple traits; direct and indirect selection
Selection gradients
Experimental manipulation
Correlational selection
How do we study selective agents?
Notes on the Study of Adaptation
Synthesis: Predicting Short-Term Phenotypic Evolution
Summary of Bivariate Relationships in Ecological Genetics
The Future of Ecological Genetics
Problems
Suggested Readings
Suggested Readings Questions
Chapter References
Applied ecological genetics
Conservation Genetics
What is the unit to be conserved?
How do genetic factors directly affect extinction risk?
Adaptation to environmental change in the future
Conservation genetics in the future
Evolution of Invasive Species
Transgene Escape
Establishment of transgenes in wild populations
Fitness effects of transgenes
Strategies to reduce transgene escape risk
Evolution of Resistance to Pesticides and Antibiotics
Selection
Genetic variance and covariance
Gene flow and population structure
Resistance management
The Future of Applied Ecological Genetics
Suggested Readings
Suggested Readings Questions
Chapter References
Appendix
Glossary
Index

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